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The Book of 1 Peter

Chapter 3

In chapter 3 Peter teaches that suffering will also produce Christian conduct in the life of the believer. This conduct will be manifested in two different places, in the home and in the church.

Peter instructs wives how to behave towards their husbands, and husbands how to behave towards their wives; and then encourages various things common to all Christians, and in particular, to suffer patiently for righteousness sake. Peter wants his readers to grow closer to God and he gives us good advice. He wants us to live a life that is pleasing to God.

He also gives some advice about their apparel, and ours, that being that they and we, should be much more concerned to internal ornaments such as meekness and quietness of spirit, which is highly esteemed of by God, rather than to fancy outward adorning.

Conduct In The Home

1 Peter 3:1 Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives; 2 While they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear. (KJV)

Likewise . . . means in the same manner, and ties back to chapter 2 which discussed separation.

Conversation . . . is behavior or lifestyle. Separation and conduct are blended and molded together here.

Ephesians 5 has a similar theme of the position of the wife and the husband in the home. But here, Peter presents a different situation from that which Paul discussed in Ephesians. Paul dealt with the relationship between a Christian wife and a Christian husband who were both Spirit-filled believers. That entire section in Ephesians begins with "...be filled with the Spirit" (Eph. 5:18). When you are filled with the Spirit, what are you to do?

Paul says, "Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the Lord" (Eph. 5:22), and "Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it" (Eph. 5:25). Paul is speaking of a Christian home in which both the husband and wife are Spirit-filled believers, and the relationship is one in which the man loves his wife and is willing to die for her.

If there is to be order in any situation, there must be headship. In marriage, that headship has been given to the husband by God. So many of today's modern women want NO part of this. When the wife is told to submit . . . Peter does not mean like the obedience of a child. Submit means cooperating voluntarily.

A Christian wife must live a holy life (1 Peter 1:15). She should honor and respect and obey her husband, even if he is not a Christian. Only if her husband tells her to do something that is a sin, should she not obey him. If her husband is not a Christian, she should pray for him, and she should keep living a holy life and keep trusting God, that he may see the Truth through her actions and words.

As wives submit to their husbands, even if any of them do not believe God's Word, the wife's conduct will win over the husband to believe too. Words will not be necessary, for they will see how good and right their conduct is.

1 Peter 3:3 Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel; (KJV)

Outward adorning . . . consists of hair style, wearing jewelry and clothing. Peter does NOT condemn these three things, but rather he is stressing the great importance of INNER adorning over the OUTWARD adorning. Some cults go to such drastic extremes classing as sin ALL wearing of rings, bracelets and other ornaments, but this is not what Peter means. He says none of any one of these things is sinful or unbecoming to Christians, and in this respect is in perfect accord with Paul who rebukes extravagance in ornaments and garments (1 Tim.2:9-10).

I do not think that Peter means total abstinence from any of these things, but means the proper emphasis being placed on each of them. We are to pay much more attention to the INWARD man than to the OUTER man (1 Pet. 3:4). Peter gives here the examples of holy women of old who adorned the inner man by being quiet and meek before their husbands, but who wore much jewelry and outward adorning (1 Pet. 3:5-6; Gen. 24:22,30,47,53). All these came from Abraham and Sarah who were rich in silver and gold (Gen. 24:35). Ornaments were worn by men as well as women in ancient times (Ex. 32:2; 35:22; Jud. 8:24; Isa. 3:11-24; Job 42:11).

1 Peter 3:4 But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. (KJV)

The hidden man of the heart . . . the inward man (Rom. 7:22; 2 Cor. 4:16). The graces of the Spirit of Christ (1 Pet.1:11) in the soul, called elsewhere "the new man", is totally opposed to natural corruption, or the old man (Eph. 4:24; Col. 3:9-10).

In that which is not corruptible . . . this means the INNER ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, and is contrasted to those external ornaments mentioned, which fade and perish, whereas a meek and quiet spirit is constant and durable. Peter thus urges and encourages women who are more apt to be over enthused with external dress and bodily ornaments, to instead enrich and beautify their SOULS with Divine graces, rather than their bodies with gaudy clothes and jewelry.

Even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit . . . this means the particular graces (parts of the new man) in which the spiritual beauty and adorning of women's souls consists. Meek and quiet really are different expressions of the same grace. Meek means gentleness, easiness and sweetness of spirit, as opposed to stubbornness, pride, passion . . . and quiet means a peaceable, still, modest nature, as opposed to hard headed, opinionated, running at the mouth and noisily insisting. Meek and quiet usually go together.

Which is in the sight of God . . . NO man can judge the inner man, for we cannot see it. The judgment to be valued here is God's judgment! We should NOT be concerned what man thinks but what God sees and thinks! A meek and quiet spirit is vastly opposed to vain women, who pride and praise themselves by the outward adornment of a vain world, and which highly esteem such things.

Of great price . . . the outstanding and valuable quality of grace and spiritual ornaments is set in opposition to gold and costly apparel by Peter. If women want to appear beautiful in God's eyes, they must choose the best ornaments, those of the mind and heart, a meek and quiet spirit, which are precious in the sight of God Himself, rather than all the external ones, which serve only to draw men's eyes toward them.

All the ornaments and clothing that women use are of NO value when compared to the meek and quiet spirit. One is passing and temporary as is the person . . . the other is eternal.

1 Peter 3:5 For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands: (KJV)

Holy women . . . who were sanctified by the Spirit of God, and lived holy lives such as Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel, Leah, Ruth, Hannah, and others, are worthy of imitation. But, remember, they like all humans were NOT sinless, but had their faults as we all do.

Who trusted in God . . . all in all, their only hope was in God, and their desire to please Him, as our should be.

Adorned themselves . . . with a meek and quiet spirit, counted by Almighty God as the best ornament.

There are several good examples of holy women of old who adorned the inner man by being quiet and meek before their husbands, but who wore much jewelry and outward adorning (1 Pet. 3:5-6; Gen. 24:22,30,47,53). All these came from Abraham and Sarah who were rich in silver and gold (Gen. 24:35). Ornaments were worn by men as well as women in ancient times (Ex. 32:2; 35:22; Jud. 8:24; Isa. 3:11-24; Job 42:11).

1 Peter 3:6 Even as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose daughters ye are, as long as ye do well, and are not afraid with any amazement. (KJV)

Even as Sara . . . after her name was changed from Sarai, to Sarah (Gen.17:15-16), because kings wanted her as a wife, even then she obeyed Abraham; and this is spoken in commendation of her obedience (Heb.11:11).

Calling him lord . . . not merely a compliment, but acknowledging his authority and her own subjection.

Whose daughters ye are . . . not only according to the flesh, but spiritually, according to the Promise. Remember that Peter is writing to Jews. The wives were "daughters", descendants of Sarah, by imitation of her faith and holiness, as well as ye are by succession.

As long as ye do well . . . and follow her in good works (1Tim. 2:10).

And are not afraid with any amazement . . . could be fear of detection for infidelity to husband and/or God. If they do well, being faithful wives, like Sarah, they will not live under fear of being found guilty of infidelities. Or it could be a longer reaching fear of disobedience (Ps.53:5; Pro.3:25).

1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered. (KJV)

Two commands for husbands: #1. Likewise . . . be just as faithful to your wives as you want them to be to you; give them no excuse for sin. #2. Give honor to the wife, using your superior strength in protecting her and as being heirs together of life.

As unto the weaker vessel . . . the wife is called a vessel (1 Thes.4:4), and here Peter says "the weaker" and therefore to be treated gently and tenderly, and not be treated with neglect and contempt.

There is an old saying of the Jews: "if thy wife be short of stature, bow thyself, and whisper to her.''

We ALL are heirs together of "the manifold grace of God" (1 Pet.4:10)! TRUE Christians are God's own people, without any difference as to race, sex, or men or women (Gal.3:28), equally share in God's amazing grace, for it means the love and favor of God; which is the same to us all. For God is NO respecter of persons (2 Chron.19:7; Col.3:25; Acts 10:34-35). If we work righteousness, we are accepted with Him . . . men and women!

The grace of life . . . is the free gift of God's grace, and "the gift of eternal life" (Eph.2:8-9; Rom.6:23).

This glorious life is represented as an inheritance (1 Pet.1:4-5), being what belongs only to God's TRUE children, which we have, NOT acquired by our own works, but by the free grace of our heavenly Father (1 John 3:1-2).

ALL the saints, whatever sex, are equally heirs of this "inheritance"; for there is only ONE inheritance, ONE kingdom, ONE crown of glory, which ALL shall enjoy one day. And whatever difference there may be, particularly between husband and wife, in their natural relation, there is absolutely NONE in the things of grace, with regard to the kingdom of glory.

Husbands should dwell peaceably and comfortably with their wives, and give all honor due to them, since they are one in spiritual things, there being neither male nor female in Christ Jesus, and because they are now joint heirs of, and shall equally share in eternal life and happiness. May we all live as God desires and demands!

That your prayers be not hindered . . . God does NOT hear prayers of sinners. John 9:31 Now we know that God heareth not sinners: but if any man be a worshipper of God, and doeth his will, him he heareth. (KJV) . . . IF we fear, obey and worship God, our prayers will be heard!

Peter is really saying that husbands and wives must dwell together in godly fear. The husband should honor his wife, and take care of her as he should, so as to avoid strife and quarrels. And ladies, we must love, honor, respect and submit to our husbands. YES! I know, I shall receive hate mail from these "women lib" groups. So be it. I am simply telling you what God says in His Holy Word! I believe Him. Woe be unto those who do not!

Conduct In The Church

1 Peter 3:8 Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous: (KJV)

TRUE believers are to be loving, like-minded, sympathetic, tenderhearted and courteous, which means they are to be humble-minded, not trying to lord it over one another. This is to be the attitude and action of a believer among other believers, and unbelievers too.

Commands for Christians

  • #1. Be one of mind (1Pet. 3:8; Eph. 4:1-3).
  • #2. Have compassion on one another (1Pet. 3:8).
  • #3. Love as brethren (1Pet. 3:8; 1Cor. 13).
  • #4. Be pitful, courteous, tenderhearted (1Pet. 3:8).
  • #5. Not rendering evil for evil (1Pet. 3:9).
  • #6. Not railing for railing (1Pet. 3:9).
  • #7. Be a blessing to others (1Pet. 3:9).
  • #8. Control the tongue (1Pet. 3:10; Jas. 3).
  • #9. Shun evil and do good (1Pet. 3:11).
  • #10. Seek peace and pursue it (1Pet. 3:11).

1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing. (KJV)

Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing . . . not repaying evil done you either in words or deeds (Pro. 24:29; Rom. 12:14, 17, 19, 21).

But contrariwise blessing . . . just the opposite! Praying for, and doing any good you can to those that do evil to you, or speak evil of you (Mat. 5:39, 44).

Knowing that ye are thereunto called . . . to bless those that do evil to you, that so by patient bearing of injuries, forbearing private revenge, that ye might obtain a blessing.

Called . . . in your conversion to the faith of Christ, to become God's children (Eph.1:3-6).

That ye should inherit a blessing . . . this shows how believers partake of the blessing of inheritance and the permanence of it, whereas they can exercise their patience in suffering injuries here for just a little while, but their reward shall be for ever.

Eternal life is the greatest blessing! The good things of both lives, temporal, spiritual, and eternal mercies, are promised to the godly (1 Tim. 4:8), and by which they have by right of inheritance (Ps. 37:11; Mat. 5:5). This seems to agree with 1 Pet. 3:10-12.

We are to turn the other cheek. If another believer says something untrue or evil about you, you are NOT to strike back. Commit that person to the Lord . . . He will take care of it. If we would do this, it would stop all the fighting within the church family.

1 Peter 3:10 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: (KJV)

He that will love life . . . IF a person really desires to lead a quiet and peaceful life here, and to enjoy eternal life hereafter, they will obey God.

And see good days . . . peaceable and prosperous as opposing evil days that are grievous and dreadful.

Let him refrain his tongue from evil . . . from evil-speaking, railing, reviling, open detraction (1 Pet. 3:10; Jas. 3).

And his lips that they speak no guile . . . tell no lies of his neighbour, no whispering, backbiting, or any speaking evil of him (Ps.32:2; Jer. 50:20; Zep.3:13; John 1:47; 1 Pet. 2:22; 3:10; Rev.14:5).

Under these two, all the vices of the tongue, whereby our neighbour may be wronged, are contained, and the opposite virtues commanded, to receive blessings from God.

1 Peter 3:11 Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it. (KJV)

Let him eschew evil, and do good . . . this means to avoid all sin, hate it, run from it and exercise all well-doing. We are to avoid all sin against our neighbor, NEVER repaying evil to him, but instead doing him all the good he can, thus overcoming evil with good.

Let him seek peace . . . not only with God and his own conscience, but with his neighbors as well. Mat.5:9 Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God. (KJV)

And ensue it . . . seeking and striving for an earnest desire of peace. When we seek it, it may seem to flee from us, but we must be persistent and follow it (Heb. 12:14).

1 Peter 3:12 For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil. (KJV)

For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers . . . God watches over TRUE believers, looking favorably on them, and hearing their prayers (Ps. 34:15). Peter gives this as a motive to patience under injuries, and to keep us from evil passions, and desires of revenge. My friend, God sees all we suffer, He cares for us and is ready to hear our cry for help, and He will help us . . . in His own way.

But the face of the Lord is against them that do evil . . . (Ps.34:16). God's anger sets His Face against evil (Lev. 17:10; 20:5; Ps. 68:1-2). We humans reveal by our face the anger within us, so too it is that God's Face sometimes shows His favor and pleasure, sometimes His anger and displeasure.

This is a further argument by Peter to urge and encourage us to be patient . . . for God does take up our case against our enemies, and avenge us. For us to think that we can repay them by uncalled-for malice, we make God our enemy!

1 Peter 3:13 And who is he that will harm you, if ye be followers of that which is good? (KJV)

And who is he that will harm you . . . none or very few will harm you, because of your good deeds and words. Some of the most wicked and hard-hearted, are at times pacified and melted by good works and good words (1Sam. 24:16-17).

If ye be followers of that which is good . . . TRUE followers of God, do good to the evil, hard-hearted and unkind. We must be followers of those things that are good or we disobey God. If we are diligent in doing good to others, none will have the heart to do you hurt . . . but IF they do . . . let God handle it!

1 Peter 3:14 But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled; (KJV)

But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake . . . if ye suffer unjustly, whether it be for the profession of the TRUE Gospel (2 Cor.11:4), or living a righteous life, being followers of that which is good, and walking in obedience to God.

Happy are ye . . . great spiritual benefits are gained by sufferings: building up your faith, patience, meekness, etc. (1 Tim.6:11; 2 Tim.3:10; Tit.2:2; Heb.6:12; Jam.1:3) . . . and the glory rebounds to God, who supports you and carries you through them; and with the reward we can expect after the sufferings (Mat.5:10-12).

And be not afraid of their terror . . . be not afraid of carnal men (Isa. 8:12-13). Be not afraid of those dreadful things with which they threaten you. Be not afraid of them and their threatenings (Ps. 64:1-2; 91:5-7; Pro. 1:33).

Neither be troubled . . . with fear that is is contrary to faith, and hinders you from obeying God (John 14:1,27).

1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: (KJV)

But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts . . . Peter gives such great advice and encouragement! He tells us to exalt the Lord God in our hearts, and give Him honor of all His glorious and gracious perfections: His love, mercy, power, wisdom, goodness, faithfulness, etc. and by believing them, and depending upon His Promises for defense and assistance against any and all the evils your enemies may threaten you with.

And be ready always to give and answer . . . be prepared to answer anyone in defense of your faith (Acts 22:1; 1 Cor. 9:3).

To every man that asketh you . . . some will take notice of your faith, and desire to know and learn of you.

A reason of the hope that is in you . . . hope is frequently used in Scripture, which is built upon faith (Tit.1:2; 2:13; 3:7). It will mainly be unbelievers that persecute you and scoff at your hope of eternal life in Heaven as vain and groundless. Always be ready to defend and justify your faith against all objectors, by showing how reasonable your hope of salvation is, and on how sure a foundation it is built.

With meekness and fear . . . NOT pride and arrogance! Our confession of the faith must be with boldness and courage, but yet with a spirit of meekness and modesty . . . and fear or reverence in relation to God, and the things of God. Our confession of our faith must be done humbly, with fear and trembling (Eph.6:5), NOT in confidence of your own strength or gifts or abilities (Rom.12:3).

1 Peter 3:16 Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ. (KJV)

Having a good conscience . . . this may be joined to the former verse . . . meaning that IF we are always ready to answer every one that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you, we shall have a good conscience before God. And not only be ready to make confession of your faith, but let our life agree to it, in keeping ourselves pure from sin, and living an obedient lifestyle unto godliness, for THAT is where a good conscience comes from! (Acts 23:1).

That, whereas they speak evil of you . . . our persecutors speak evil of us and our good lifestyle. But when it shows that their accusations are false, they have nothing to charge us with except our being followers of Christ Jesus, our Lord.

Your good conversation in Christ . . . our good lifestyle comes from being "in Christ" (Rom.8:1; 1 Cor. 1:2; 3:1; 15:22) according to His doctrine and example, and by the influence of His Spirit.

1 Peter 3:17 For it is better, if the will of God be so, that ye suffer for well doing, than for evil doing. (KJV)

If the will of God be so . . . if it is God's will that we must suffer; so be it! Are we better than our master? NO way! NO one suffered more for being righteous than Jesus! If you suffer for Christ's sake, rejoice! BUT . . . if you are suffering because you were stupid, and got yourself into trouble and sin, then that is a different story, and a lesson that will hopefully stay with you. Myself, I learn more quicker from those hard lessons. Don't do it again!

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit: (KJV)

It is important for us to understand that Jesus Christ became a Man, and it was in His humanity that He died on the cross. He died on the cross, and it was the Holy Spirit who raised Him from the dead.

For Christ also hath once suffered . . . in total opposition to the legal sacrifices which were offered in the Old Testament, from day to day, and from year to year (Heb. 7:27; 9:25; 10:12). The perfection of Christ's sufferings were so that they were NOT needed be repeated, ever! That is why I am so against the Catholic "mass." I believe God!

See: . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_catholics_doctrine_heresy.1.htm . . . scroll down to "Catholic Mass is Blasphemy"

Catholics are SO WRONG according to the Bible . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_catholic_council_of_trent.1.htm

If in this life we suffer for righteousness' sake, according to Christ's example. But, there remains no more suffering for us, once we shall be glorified with Him (2 Tim. 2:12).

For sins . . . Jesus died to make amends for our sin. When we believe in Him and His work, we are justified before God the Father (Rom.5:1). This is yet another argument for patience under sufferings, that Christ by His sufferings hath taken away the guilt, and freed us from the punishment of sin.

The just for the unjust . . . we, in ourselves, are unrighteous and sinners (Rom. 3:10;23). Is it too much to ask that we be content and patient as we suffer, especially when it is for HIS cause and Truth?

That he might bring us to God . . . only Jesus can reconcile us to God! Only Jesus can obtain complete forgiveness of our sins (Ps.103:11-13; Mic.7:18-19; Heb.8:12; 10:17), by His righteousness (1 Cor.1:30) and only Jesus give us access to the throne of God with freedom and boldness (Rom. 5:2; Eph. 3:12).

Being put to death in the flesh . . . His human nature, often in Scripture is called flesh (John 1:14; Mat.1:18-25; Luke 1:31-35; 2:5-7, 11-12, 16-17; Gal. 4:4). Even though His soul, being immortal, did not die, yet He suffered most grievous torments in it, and His body died by the separation of His soul from it.

But quickened by the Spirit . . . the Holy Spirit is part of the Godhead (John 2:19; 10:17-18). Jesus' dead Body was revived by the power of the Spirit.

1 Peter 3:19 By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison; (KJV)

By which also . . . by the Spirit, or in, his Divine nature, the same by which He was quickened.

He . . . Christ Jesus our Lord. Jesus came down from Heaven, by which He is often in Scripture said to go forth (Isa. 26:21), to come down (Mic. 1:3), and go down (Gen. 18:21; Ex. 3:8). I think these are best understood of the Second Person of the Trinity, that being the Son, Jesus. This Passage "he went and preached unto the spirits in prison" notes Christ not in a change of place, but a special operation, and testimony of His Presence there in Abraham's Bosom.

See our article: . . . http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_abraham's_bosom_sheol.htm

Went and preached unto the spirits . . . the souls of men departed, which are at times called spirits (Ecc. 12:7; Acts 7:59; Heb. 12:23). In prison . . . in Hell, Sheol, Hades (Pro. 27:20). Also see 2 Pet. 2:4-5; Jude 1:6.

And see our article: . . . http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_hell_what_happens_to_souls.htm

Many different comments are made of this Passage. Some say, that Christ, upon His death, went in His human soul to Hell; either to preach to the devils and damned spirits, that they might be saved, IF they would; while others say to let them know that He was come, and to fill them with dread and terror. They say the "spirits" do not refer to humans but to the fallen angels.

Others say that Christ, at His death, went in His human soul, into a place called "Abraham's Bosom", which they suppose is the prison here, and delivered the souls of the Old Testament saints and patriarchs from there, and carried them Heaven. This to me is also false, because, I do not think it was the human soul of Christ, but His divine nature that preached to the spirits.

I personally think that the souls of Old Testament saints, before the death of Christ; were in peace and rest in Abraham's Bosom, the part where poor Lazarus was (Luke 16:19-31). Luke 16:22-23 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried; 23 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. (KJV) . . . As you see here, there were TWO compartments. The Jews believed that Sheol (Hades) was two compartments. One compartment they called Paradise (Luke 23:43), where Jesus sent the thief on the cross . . . this is where the believers went when they died, before Christ came. The second compartment was where non-believers (the ungodly) went when they died. Jews believed that both of these compartments were in the bowels of the Earth.

This then being the case, when Jesus preached to the "spirits", ALL those, in BOTH compartments would have heard Him preach! There was "a great gulf fixed" (Luke 16:26) between the two compartments at that time, but ALL there could have heard Jesus' Words! This makes more sense to me.

I do think that Jesus could have preached to the OT saints to let them know that He had indeed come as all the prophets had said.

Peter calls them "spirits", which seems to mean the souls of men, in a separate state from their bodies. Death separates body and soul. And Peter here confirms that souls (spirits) are eternal, which SO many today deny.

1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water. (KJV)

1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water. (KJV) . . . There are many who say it took Noah 120 years to build the ark, and they use the following Passage to verify their claim.  Genesis 6:3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. (KJV)

Most preachers and teachers believe and teach that it took 120 years for Noah to build the ark. For some reason, I started checking out what the few who could not accept this doctrine of 120 years, and I go along with them. I think that the Scriptures prove that it did NOT take 120 years, but 100 years or less to build the ark. I think Gen.5:32 and Gen.7:6 prove this.

I do think that there is something much more important than the number of years it took for Noah to build the ark, and that is, Noah DID build the ark, just as God commanded him to do, and that the Flood actually DID take place! Millions refuse to believe this. This denial is calling God a LIAR (1 Jn.5:10).

It seems that Peter speaks of the time of Noah, a preacher of righteousness, when he tried to warn a wicked generation of approaching judgment, and warn them to repent. Some say that Christ, by His Spirit, by which He was quickened, went, in the ministry of Noah, and preached to that generation who had been disobedient.

When once the long suffering of God waited in the days of Noah . . . a patient God waited on that guilty race a 120 years (Gen.6:3), a period sufficiently proving His long-suffering toward one generation.

While the ark was a preparing . . . in the age of the world when Noah lived, it was a serious undertaking to construct an ark that would hold such a variety and vast number of animals, and that would float safely for more than a year in a universal flood.

Wherein few, that is, eight souls . . . eight persons . . . Noah and his wife, his three sons and their wives (Gen.7:7). It seems that Peter refers to their being saved here, to encourage those to whom he writes.

Peter spoke of the perseverance and fidelity of Noah, in the midst of all the opposition which his readers might experience. I do not think that Noah was ever disheartened, for he was sustained by the Spirit of Christ and I think the very Presence of the Son of God . . . that he continued to preach to those who refused to hear! Noah never did abandon his purpose, and the end result was that he was saved. So few in number were those saved vs the great multitude who continued in wickedness! Let us be encouraged by this! God can protect and save the few (Mat.7:13-14) who are faithful.

By water . . . they were borne up by the waters, and were preserved. The thought on which Peter makes his remarks leads him in the next verse to the suggestions about baptism.

1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ: (KJV)

The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us . . . to WHAT baptism does this refer? It is NOT water baptism but the baptism of the Holy Spirit. The baptism of the Holy Spirit is the baptism that saves us (John 3:5-6; 1 Cor.12:13). Water baptism is ritual baptism. I believe every one who is able should be baptized in water to show the world that we stand with Jesus. And I think immersion is the proper way (Rom.6:3-4).

BUT . . . the important thing for us to see is that it is the baptism of the Holy Spirit that puts us into the body of believers. Jesus was baptized in water (Mat.3:6), we should be too.

Do NOT believe false teachers that tell you water baptism saves you. It is a LIE. See: http://www.lastdaysprophecy.org/L_D_f_d%20_baptismal_regeneration.htm

Not the putting away of the filth of the flesh . . . it is NOT just baptism by water, for that will NEVER put away the filth of the flesh.

But the answer of a good conscience toward God, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ . . . meaning a faith Christ and His resurrection, which brings the work of the Holy Spirit into your life and regenerates you.

Peter does NOT mean that water baptism saves you. The baptism of the Holy Spirit saves us. (John 14:17; Rom.8:9). But water baptism administered in connection with TRUE repentance, and TRUE faith in the Lord Jesus, is a symbol of the putting away of sin, and of the renewing influences of the Holy Spirit, and an act of unreserved dedication to God.

1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him. (KJV)

Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God . . . the right hand of God (Rom. 8:34; Heb. 1:3). Peter adds this as yet another ground for faith and a good conscience.

Angels and authorities and powers . . . all are under His control (Rom. 8:38; Eph. 1:20-21; Col. 1:16; 2:10).

Being made subject unto him . . . by His Father, to whom this subjecting all things to Christ is elsewhere spoken (1 Cor. 15:27; Eph. 1:22; Heb. 2:8).

Bible Commentaries

First Peter

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