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Jeremiah, Chapter 30

Theme: The coming Great Tribulation

Chapters 30 - 39 make up the fourth major section of the Book of Jeremiah, and contain prophecies concerning the future of the twelve tribes of Israel and the near captivity of Judah. The prophecies in this section are not in chronological order.
The message in these chapters comes from Jeremiah to Judah in the darkest days she has ever had, but it never got so dark that Jeremiah did not have a wonderful message of encouragement and hope.
The situation at this time was: Nebuchadnezzar’s army is outside the walls of the city of Jerusalem, and this time Nebuchadnezzar will destroy the city and burn the Temple. Jeremiah has been arrested and shut up in the courtyard. Actually, he is in jail. It has been seven years since he had his conflict with the false prophets. Events have moved along pretty quietly, but every day reveals the accuracy of Jeremiah's message. The false prophet Hananiah had said that the power of Babylon would be broken within two years. Seven years have gone by, and Nebuchadnezzar is outside the city wall. His power is NOT going to be broken; but instead he shall break Jerusalem. The vessels of the LORD'S House are NOT going to be restored to the Temple. Jeconiah will NOT be returned to the city. Things have been bad, and they are going to get worse. They will be out of the frying pan . . . and into the fire. The nation of Judah has gone downhill, fast. Jerusalem is now under the shadow of Babylon, God's prophet is held captive by the rebellious spirit of a sinning nation which refuses to hear the Word of the LORD. It seems that things could not be worse, and their hearts are filled with despair. But, it is at this dark, dreadful time that the prophetic message of Jeremiah goes all the way from the lowest part of the valley, to the top of the highest mountain! He has brought light all the way through that deep darkness. The morning is coming.

As we get into chapter 30, we enter into the future in these next four chapters (Jer.30-33).  This is written about the Great Tribulation Period, which is yet future. This is about this period of time, the final seven years in which Almighty God shall deal with the nation Israel. For seventy sevens were determined upon the nation Israel, of which sixty-nine were fulfilled when Christ the Messiah came, leaving one seven-year cycle yet to be fulfilled which is yet future, of which Jesus spoke to His disciples as being fulfilled during the time when the Antichrist will be upon the Earth. Here in Jeremiah, he speaks of this final seven-year period of God’s dealing, when He draws the Jews back into the land and He begins to deal with them, which is yet future events of this final seven years. It is called here in Jeremiah the time of Jacob’s trouble.

Jeremiah Chapters 30-33 . . . is known as the Book of Consolation, and promise that God would bring back the captives from exile and establish a new covenant with Israel that would enable His people to live in a right relationship with Him (Ps. 53:6). These prophecies of Israel’s restoration look beyond the return from exile to the Second Coming of Jesus and His Thousand-year reign in the Millennial Kingdom (Rev.20).
Rom. 11:26-27 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: 27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. (KJV)

The sermon which we have in this and the following chapter is different from all those before. The prophet does, by direction from the LORD, change his expression. Most of what he had said before was by way of rebuke and threats; but these two chapters are entirely taken up with precious Promises of a return out of captivity, and what is characteristic of the glorious things reserved for the church in the Days of the Messiah. The prophet is told not only to preach this, but to write it, because it is intended for the comfort of the generations to come (vs. 1-3). It is here promised, that they should  hereafter have a joyful restoration, even though they were now in a great deal of pain and terror (vs. 4-7).   Although their oppressors were very strong (vs. 8-10). And though a full end was made of other nations, and they were not restored (vs. 11). Although all means of their deliverance seemed to fail and be cut off (vs. 12-14). Even though God Himself had sent them into captivity, and rightly so, for their sins (vs. 15-16). And although all about them looked upon their case as desperate (vs. 17). After their joyful restoration they would have a happy settlement, that their city should be rebuilt (vs. 18), their numbers increased (vs. 19-20), their government established (vs. 21), God's covenant with them renewed (vs. 22), and their enemies destroyed and cut off (vs. 23-24).

Intended for the comfort of the
Generation to come (Jer. 29:1-3)

Jer 30:1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, (KJV)

There is no particular date given to this prophecy, as to determine the precise time of its delivery, but it may not unreasonably be presumed to have followed immediately after the preceding one in Chapter 29, in which the restoration of the people from their Babylon captivity is in direct terms foretold.

Jer. 30:2 Thus speaketh the LORD God of Israel, saying, Write thee all the words that I have spoken unto thee in a book. (KJV)

Thus speaketh the LORD God of Israel . . . the LORD God is their Covenant God; He has not forgotten them and still is concerned about them. He speaks after the following manner concerning them.
Saying, Write thee all the words that I have spoken unto thee in a book . . . being things of importance, so that they might remain to the ages to come. And be read to comfort and edify the LORD'S people, and to support their faith and hope, as well as be a testimony of the Truth and faithfulness of God.

*****Each time there are new Words from the LORD to Jeremiah, it is for a specific reason and is not covering something He has already done. It seems that God wants Jeremiah to write down what He is about to give him. He wants a record kept of each Word. This could cover all the prophecies that God has already given him as well as the new things, because it says all the words I have spoken . . . have spoken is past tense. They all are to be gathered in a book for future reference. Most of this chapter is speaking of things that have not yet occurred. The need for a book was because the generation these prophecies were for, had not even been born yet. Jeremiah was not writing a historical book. It would be possible to put it in chronological order only AFTER all prophecies were fulfilled.

Jer. 30:3 For, lo, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will bring again the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, saith the LORD: and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it. (KJV)

For, lo, the days come, saith the LORD . . . the LORD’S time frame is different than ours (Ps.90:4; 2 Pet.3:8). One day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.
That I will bring again the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, saith the LORD . . . the Promise to bring again the exiles from captivity here, and in Jer. 33:26, sets this section of the Book. The theme, I will bring again is the Pledge of chapters 30-33. God shall restore the whole nation to their own land (Jer. 29:10; Amos 9:14-15; Rom. 11:26-27), and has in view a final regathering never to be removed again (Jer. 16:15-16), and not just a return in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (verses 8-9; Jer. 31:31; 32:39-40; 33:8-9, 15-16).
And I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it . . . this is speaking of a time when the 12 tribes of Israel will return to the Promised Land. The people will return in 70 years and rebuild. This is looking to a time far beyond this time, when God will bring His people back to His land. This is in the process of happening now in Israel. In 1948 Israel became a nation, and there has been a steady flow of the Israelites back to their Promised Land ever since that time. Sixteen times in this prophecy God speaks of the final and complete regathering of all the tribes of Israel from all other lands to their own land where they will become an eternal nation under their Messiah (Jer. 30:3,10,18; 31:4-6,8-10,12,16-17,23,28; 32:37; 33:11). This verse is a summary of the prophecy given in verses 4-9.

*****The reason the LORD wanted the prophecy written, was for a memorial of God's Truth in His Promises. Israel never returned as to the body of the people, but those of the ten tribes which were God's people did return. In Luke 2:36 we read of Anna who was of the tribe of Asher, and many more no doubt did return according to the promises (Jer. 3:12; 23:6; 31:1, 6; Eze. 37:21-22). It is uncertain whether this Promise of returning to their own land was fulfilled in those few of the ten tribes who joined themselves with those of Judah after they were returned from Babylon, or remained yet in part to be fulfilled. The phrase in the beginning of this verse, For, lo, the days come, seems to mean a more speedy fulfilling of the Promise, than after some thousands of years, although it is certain the Jews had such expectations.

Though They Were Now in a Great Deal of
Pain and Terror (Jer. 30:4-7)

Jer. 30:4 And these are the words that the LORD spake concerning Israel and concerning Judah. (KJV)

And these are the words that the LORD spake . . . words that follow in this chapter and the next.
Concerning Israel and concerning Judah . . . the words first concern Israel, the ten tribes; and then concern the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and even concern all Israel. But, if this prophecy only respects the return from the captivity in Babylon, there is very little in it that concerns the ten tribes, or only a very few of them. We must remember that Judah represents the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Israel represents the rest of God's people.

Jer. 30:5 For thus saith the LORD; We have heard a voice of trembling, of fear, and not of peace. (KJV)

We have heard a voice of trembling . . . a sound, causing men to tremble. No doubt is the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war (Jer. 4:19).
Of fear, and not of peace . . . there is great fear and no peace. Peace usually means the harmony of a well ordered, secure and peaceful community. The truth is, there has never been peace in Israel, to this day. The voice of trembling means a great war.

Jer. 30:6 Ask ye now, and see whether a man doth travail with child? wherefore do I see every man with his hands on his loins, as a woman in travail, and all faces are turned into paleness? (KJV)

Ask ye now, and see whether a man doth travail with child? . . . the image of Judah’s warriors as women in travail pictures the horrors of the Babylonian invasion.
Wherefore do I see every man with his hands on his loins . . . the pain is so great that the men were as women with labor pains.
And all faces are turned into paleness?. . . fear can many times cause paleness. There is a great time of fear that shall come upon the Earth. Luke 21:22-28 For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. 23 But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days! for there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people. 24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. 25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; 26 Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken. 27 And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28 And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh. (KJV)

*****The time of Jacob’s trouble during the exile was a preview of the period of unparalleled suffering for Israel during the time of the Great Tribulation, which follows the Rapture of the church (Dan. 9:12; Joel 2:11; Amos 5:18-20; Zep.1:15). After this time of divine purging and judgment against the people of Israel, the LORD will break his yoke of foreign oppression for His people and they will live under the rule of Christ Jesus, their Messiah.
Jer. 30:7 Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob's trouble; but he shall be saved out of it. (KJV)

Before the future blessing promised to a repentant and righteous people, will come the time of Jacob’s trouble, which refers to the great period of Israel’s tribulation (Deut. 4:30; Isa. Chapters 24-27; Dan. 12:1; Mat 24:15-28; Rev. 12). Jacob is mentioned here, because he was the father of all 12 tribes of Israel. That great day is the day of God's judgement on all the Earth.
That time period in the end times will be associated with the great judgments involved in the day of the LORD, and shall indeed be a day of judgment. The day of the LORD is characterized by:
(1). Despair, misery and fear (Isa. 13:6-16; Joel 1:15; 2:1);
(2). Darkness and gloom (Joel 2:2, 10; Zep. 1:15);
(3). Earthly and celestial phenomena (Isa. 13:9-10, 13; Joel 2:30-31; 3:14-15; Am. 5:20; Zep. 1:15; Zec. 14:1-7; 2 Pet.3:10);
(4). Desolation and destruction (Oba. 15-16; Zep. 1:14-18; 1 Thes. 5:2; 2 Pet.3:10-11);
(5). Wrath (Zep. 1:14-18);
(6). Death (Jer. 46:10; Isa. 13:15-16; Ezek. 30:2; Zeph. 1:17-18; Zech. 14:1); and
(7). Unparalleled warfare (Rev. 16:14).
But, when judgment is done, Israel shall be saved out of it. So, that day will also be characterized by:
(1). Salvation (Joel 2:20, 32; 3:17; Zec. 4:3);
(2). Righteousness (2 Pet. 3:13);
(3). Peace and prosperity (Joel 3:18, 20; Zec. 14:8-10);
(4). The Return of the Messiah (Zec. 14:4-7); and
(5). Worship and adoration of the Messiah (Zec. 14:16).
The time of Jacob's trouble is speaking of the Great Tribulation that shall come upon the Earth.
Joel 2:11 And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp is very great: for he is strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD is great and very terrible; and who can abide it? (KJV)
https://godcannotlie.org/book_of_joel_ch.2.htm

The troubles we have been reading about in Babylon, were just a type and a shadow of this great trouble mentioned here. There will be believers saved in the middle of the Great Tribulation. They are saved from God's wrath, but not saved from terrifying troubles that shall take place. The following Scripture is vivid about God's family being saved out of tribulation. Rev. 7:13-14 And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they? 14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. (KJV) https://godcannotlie.org/rev_ch7.htm

*****Jer. 30:6-7. Jeremiah sees the great Day of the LORD coming, of which the other prophets, including Isaiah, also spoke. They said it is to be a day of darkness (Isa.5:30; 22:5; Joel 2:2; Am. 5:18-20; Zep.1:15, 18), not of light, and that the people will go through the night of the Great Tribulation period before they will see the brightness of day. So, what God is saying is: You haven't seen anything yet. The Great Tribulation period will be far worse than what you are going through now.

Though Their Oppressors Were
Very Strong (Jer. 30:8-10)

Jer. 30:8 For it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, that I will break his yoke from off thy neck, and will burst thy bonds, and strangers shall no more serve themselves of him: (KJV)

For it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts . . . it shall come.
That I will break his yoke from off thy neck . . . his yoke . . . thy neck . . . his, meaning Jacob's yoke (verse 7), the yoke forced on him. God is going to break the yoke of Babylon from off thy neck that they had carried during the exile (Jer.28:14).
And will burst thy bonds, and strangers shall no more serve themselves of him . . . the transition to the second person is frequent, God speaking of Jacob or Israel, at the same time addressing him directly. So him rightly follows; foreigners shall no more make him their servant (Jer.25:14). After the deliverance by Cyrus, Persia, Alexander, Antiochus, and Rome made Judah their servant, so the full deliverance must therefore mean, it is still future. The second and third person are strangely mingled. The LORD speaks to Israel, thy bonds, and his yoke is that of the oppressor. Isa. 10:27 And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing. (KJV) . . . Jeremiah echoes the words of Isaiah.

*****The yoke that has been on all mankind, was put there by Satan. Jesus broke that yoke for all believers when He gave His Body on the cross for the sins of the world. This is speaking of a time when the yoke is broken for everyone, not just the believers, because it includes the word strangers. This could be the 1000 years that Jesus has Satan bound, so that he cannot deceive the nations. Notice the yoke is broken by God, not by man.

Jer. 30:9 But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up unto them. (KJV)

But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king . . . David their king means the Messiah, the Greater David in David’s dynasty, ultimately fulfills this Promise (2 Sam. 7:16). Christ Jesus is the Great King often promised as Israel’s hope (Jer. 23:5-6; Isa. 9:7; Eze. 37:24-25; Dan. 2:35, 45; 7:13-14, 27; Mat. 25:34; 26:64; Luke 1:32; Rev. 17:14; 19:16). There has been no king of David’s seed that has held the scepter since the captivity. Zerubbabel, of David’s line, never claimed the title of king (Hag. 2:2).
https://godcannotlie.org/haggai_intro.htm
David in this Scripture is referring to the LORD Jesus Christ who will reign as KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS (Rev.19:16).

Jer. 30:10 Therefore fear thou not, O my servant Jacob, saith the LORD; neither be dismayed, O Israel: for, lo, I will save thee from afar, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and shall be in rest, and be quiet, and none shall make him afraid. (KJV)

Therefore fear thou not, O my servant Jacob, saith the LORD . . . you that are my servants, and the posterity of Jacob. Although your captivity is seventy years, yet be not afraid that I have forgotten you, or my Promise made to your fathers. For I assure you, that although I have sent your sins afar off, yet you are not beyond the reach of my saving arm. You shall return out of the captivity of Babylon, and be at rest.
Neither be dismayed, O Israel . . . the same thing in other words; for Jacob and Israel are the same; and to fear and be dismayed are much alike.
For, lo, I will save thee from afar . . . from a far country; not only from Babylon, but from all far off countries where they are dispersed, east, west, north and south. Distance would not hinder their salvation, so there should be no need for them to object.
And thy seed from the land of their captivity . . . their children would come forth with them. It seems to respect future times. That although this would not be accomplished in the persons of the Israelites then living, yet it would be in their descendants.
And Jacob shall return, and shall be in rest, and be quiet . . . which was not fulfilled when the Jews returned from the Babylonian captivity. For they quickly met with much opposition and disturbance in the rebuilding of their city and Temple. And afterwards from Antiochus, by whom they were greatly disquieted. And by the Romans, by whom their nation was subdued and ruined. So this concerns the quiet and peaceful times they shall have when they are converted, and have embraced the Christian religion.
And none shall make him afraid . . . who is it that shall not fear? God's servants! This speaks of a time of perfect peace for Israel. I believe this is speaking to both physical Israel and spiritual Israel (Christians). Fear would not be in the dictionary of believers, except to fear God (honor and respect Him). Fear is the exact opposite of faith. Without faith, it is impossible to please God (Heb.11:6). Moses had been spoken of as the deliverer of the physical house of Jacob, when he led them out of Egypt to the Promised Land. He was a type and a shadow of the Great Deliverer, the LORD Jesus Christ, who is the King of Peace. When Christ Jesus comes, He shall bring perfect peace.

Though a Full End Was Made of Other Nations, and They Were Not Restored (Jer. 30:11)

Jer. 30:11 For I am with thee, saith the LORD, to save thee: though I make a full end of all nations whither I have scattered thee, yet will I not make a full end of thee: but I will correct thee in measure, and will not leave thee altogether unpunished. (KJV)

For I am with thee, saith the LORD, to save thee . . . only the LORD Jesus Christ can save your soul (Jn.14:6; Acts 4:12).
Though I make a full end of all nations whither I have scattered thee . . . Israel will endure as a people until Messiah’s Kingdom (Rom. 11:1-29).
https://godcannotlie.org/book_of_romans_ch.11.htm
Yet will I not make a full end of thee: but I will correct thee in measure . . . God is ever with His people even though He may have to chastise them (Heb. 12:5-8). He will not cast off anyone who is truly His (Gen. 28:15; Deu. 31:6-8; Jos.1:5-9; Heb. 13:5-6).
Every single person must give an account to God one day. God has always kept a remnant of physical Israel. He has never made a full end of them. God realizes the weakness of man, and that is why He gave them a better covenant of grace through Jesus Christ our LORD. The Saviour of all mankind is Jesus. 1 Tim. 4:10 For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe. (KJV)
And will not leave thee altogether unpunished . . . again, every single person must give an account to God one day.

*****Everything about Israel’s situation looked hopeless, but the therefore of verse 16, brings an unexpected reversal that can be explained only by the grace of God. The enemies that had devoured Israel shall be devoured. The nation that had no healing medicines, its incurable wounds would find healing only from the LORD.

Though All Means of Their Deliverance
Seemed to Fail and be cut off (Jer. 30:12-14)

Jer. 30:12 For thus saith the LORD, Thy bruise is incurable, and thy wound is grievous. (KJV)

There was no help for them from men. Their case seemed desperate. There was no chance of their recovery to their former state and glory, as at this day the case of the Jews appears to be. There seems to be no possibility of their conversion and restoration. And whenever it is, it will be as life from the dead (Rom. 11:15). Like the quickening of Ezekiel's dry bones (Eze.37), or raising persons from the dead, which none but the Hand of Almighty God can affect. https://www.godcannotlie.org/book_of_ezekiel_ch37.html
And thy wound is grievous . . . is an expression indicating the same as before. The symbol is taken from a body wounded and bruised in such a manner, as to be past the help of the most able surgeon to fix it.

Jer. 30:13 There is none to plead thy cause, that thou mayest be bound up: thou hast no healing medicines. (KJV)

There is none to plead thy cause, that thou mayest be bound up . . . none will take the time or trouble to look into their wound to examine it. Their friends forsook them, and shied away from them. Not one who had courted them in their success take notice of them now in their distress.
Thou hast no healing medicines . . . no medicines of their own, or of others was offered. The strategy of all these expressions is to show the helpless and hopeless state of the people of Israel, before their call, conversion, and restoration, by which it will appear to be the LORD'S work, and His alone. And since He was able to do it, and would do it, for that reason, Jacob and Israel had no reason to be afraid and dismayed, even though their situation might seem desperate. Man cannot save themselves. The end result of sin is death. The only cure is Jesus, IF we will accept Him. He abolished our sin. He took our sin upon His Body on the cross, and sin, for the believer in Jesus, was nailed on the cross.

*****Concerning the general plan of the prophet in these words, all interpreters seem to agree that the prophet's scope is to bring their uneasy thoughts to rest, and make them rest satisfied with the wisdom of God. There was no resistance of the will of God, which He symbolically expressed under the idea of one miserably and incurably wounded, whom no physician or surgeon could heal. It may be better to consider whether the prophet's meaning is, there was none would do it, or there was none could do it, or there was none should do it, meaning someone whom God would admit to do it. The prophet's plan no doubt was to satisfy this people that there was no present remedy for them but patience.

Jer. 30:14 All thy lovers have forgotten thee; they seek thee not; for I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one, for the multitude of thine iniquity; because thy sins were increased. (KJV)

All thy lovers have forgotten thee . . . the Egyptians and Assyrians, whom they went to for help, and entered into an alliance with, and who promised them great things. But their lovers forgot their promises and forsook them.
They seek thee not . . . to ask for their well-being. They do not visit nor ask about their health, or how it is with them, for they just did not care. This has been the case of the Jews for many ages.
For I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one . . . so it might seem to be; and thus it might be interpreted by them. As if the LORD acted the part of an enemy, and a very cruel one, that had no mercy, although He did correct them (Jer. 30:11), in measure, moderation, and mercy. Or else the meaning is, that he wounded them, when their nation, city, and Temple, were destroyed, by the hand and means of an enemy, and later a very cruel and merciless one, the Romans.
For the multitude of thine iniquity, because thy sins were increased . . . the Jews were a very wicked people, not only before they went into the Babylon captivity, but after their return, and in the times of Christ and His apostles; who complained of their covetousness, hypocrisy, adultery, thefts, murders, and sacrilege. And particularly they were in the above manner chastised by means of the Romans. For their unbelief and rejection of the TRUE Messiah, and the persecution of His followers.

*****Sin is like a cancer that spreads. The lover here, is speaking of all those who sinned with them. God sends chastisement on His children to cause them to repent. Every time God pours out His wrath, the next statement is, And they repented not. Dear one, God wants everyone to be saved (1 Tim.2:4). He seems cruel sometimes, to cause us to be saved. He showed the greatest love that ever was, when He gave His Son to die on the cross to pay for our sins.
 
God Himself Had Sent Them into Captivity, And Rightly so, for Their Sins (Jer. 30:1-16)

Jer. 30:15 Why criest thou for thine affliction? thy sorrow is incurable for the multitude of thine iniquity: because thy sins were increased, I have done these things unto thee. (KJV)

Why criest thou for thine affliction? . . . why complain of the hardness, heaviness and continuance of it, when there was such a just cause for it? When men sin at a high rate, they have no reason to complain of the punishment of their sins (Lam. 3:39).
Thy sorrow is incurable, for the multitude of thine iniquity . . . such was the number of their iniquities, that they brought them into such a sorrowful and wretched estate and condition that there was no recovery from them. There was no hope of recovery of them, by their own power, or by the help and assistance of others.
Because thy sins were increased I have done these things unto thee . . . which shows the justice of God, and is a proof of it under all the seeming severity of it. The Jews acknowledge, that under the Second Temple, there was a great increase of capital crimes, such as murders, adulteries, etc., for which these and other sins, wrath came upon them to the uttermost by the Romans. And they still continue under the visible marks of the LORD’S divine displeasure.
This appears that they wanted the affliction to go away without repenting of their sins, but the purpose of the afflictions was to bring them to repentance.
 
Verses 16-24: These absolute and extensive Promises have yet to be fulfilled in history; they look forward to the reign of Christ Jesus, the Greater David, in the Millennial Kingdom of the latter days.

Jer. 30:16 Therefore all they that devour thee shall be devoured; and all thine adversaries, every one of them, shall go into captivity; and they that spoil thee shall be a spoil, and all that prey upon thee will I give for a prey. (KJV)

Therefore all they that devour thee shall be devoured . . . although they had sinned at such a great rate, and were so often afflicted and chastened by the LORD . . . yet their enemies would not go unpunished, and mercy would be shown to them. The Romans that devoured them, and ate up their substance, were devoured by the Goths and Vandals. For this may be carried further than to the destruction of the Babylon Empire by the Persians.
And all thine adversaries, every one of them, shall go into captivity . . . or be conquered and subdued, as were the Assyrians, Egyptians, Chaldeans, Grecians and Romans. And not only Pagan Rome has been destroyed, but also Papal Rome will go into captivity (Rev. 13).
And they that spoil thee shall be a spoil, and all that prey upon thee will I give for a prey . . . they shall be used according to the law of retaliation. The same measure they have measured shall be measured to them again. Rom. 12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. (KJV)

All of Them Looked Upon Their
Case as Desperate (Jer. 30:17)

Jer. 30:17 For I will restore health unto thee, and I will heal thee of thy wounds, saith the LORD; because they called thee an Outcast, saying, This is Zion, whom no man seeketh after. (KJV)

For I will restore health unto thee . . . I will bring you into a comfortable and prosperous condition, both in church and state. With regard to things religions and civil: as the afflictions and distresses of the Jewish nation are expressed by sickness, wounds, and bruises and their prosperity, both spiritual and temporal, is signified by health. Where before they were bowed down with afflictions and sorrows, now they would be as a man in an upright position, and being in a robust and healthful state.
And I will heal thee of thy wounds, saith the LORD . . . He will pardon their sins, remove their afflictions, and bring them into a comfortable situation, into a Gospel church state, and into their own land.
Because they called thee an outcast . . . as the Jews were at that time, cast out of their own land, rejected as being the people of God. So too, they are thought of by the nations who surrounded them today.
Saying, this is Zion, whom no man seeketh after . . . the Jews are despised by most, pitied and prayed for by few. Fewer still are they that seek after them and are kind to them, or take any methods, or make use of any means, for their conversion. But even though man does not, God will, and His work will appear more recognizable.

*****Not only does God heal His people, but He keeps them in spiritual health. Israel has always been thought of as an Outcast. The church of the LORD Jesus Christ (Zion), is thought of as an Outcast as well. The world does not understand salvation, and anything they do not understand they declare an Outcast.
1 Cor. 2:14-15 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. 15 But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man. (KJV)

After Their Joyful Restoration,
That Their City Should Be Rebuilt (Jer. 30:18)

Jer. 30:18 Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob's tents, and have mercy on his dwellingplaces; and the city shall be builded upon her own heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof. (KJV)

Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob's tents . . . meaning the captives of Israel, the inhabitants of them, refering to the patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, dwelling in tents, and to the Israelites in the wilderness, which rightly expresses the present unsettled state of the Jews.
And have mercy on his dwellingplaces . . . by restoring Israel, or Jacob's posterity, to their dwelling places in Jerusalem, and other places rebuilt by them and for them.
And the city shall be builded upon her own heap . . . the city of Jerusalem, as it was in the times of Zerubbabel. It was built in its place; on the very spot of ground where it stood before, which had become by its desolation a heap of rubbish. Although Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans, and is now in a desolate condition, yet it shall be rebuilt, as it states by this prophecy, upon the very spot where it formerly stood.
And the palace shall remain after the manner thereof . . . interprets the house of the Sanctuary, the Temple, and it was true of it in Zerubbabel's time. But as this prophecy has a farther outlook to future times, something else seems intended. Signifying that the city shall be rebuilt in a very grand manner: and so shall remain after the manner of it. It shall be continued and established by or upon that justice and judgment that shall be done in it.
Isa. 1:25-27 And I will turn my hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin: 26 And I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy counsellors as at the beginning: afterward thou shalt be called, The city of righteousness, the faithful city. 27 Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and her converts with righteousness. (KJV) . . . This is speaking of the rebuilding of Jerusalem and the rebuilding of the Temple. It is also speaking of a people being rebuilt. Redemption from sin clears the conscience and brings real inner peace to the forgiven one. Only Christ Jesus brings this.

Their Numbers Increased (Jer. 30:19-20)

Jer. 30:19 And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them that make merry: and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small. (KJV)

And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving . . . thanksgiving to God (Jer. 17:26). Either thank-offerings (Lev. 7:12-13), and/or vocal thanksgivings.
And the voice of them that make merry . . . either in a religious or in a civil sense. It indicates their merrymaking at their religious festivals, of which we read much in Scripture (Ps. 42:4; 81:1-3; 118:15; 122:1).
I will multiply them, and they shall not be few . . . even though they were diminished in the captivity, yet the LORD will return to them in His familiar wisdom, and multiply them according to God’s Promise to Abraham. So as they shall be for number, many.
I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small . . . as to their quality, it shall be honorable; even though during those seventy years they shall be a people of no reputation. Yet after that time they shall recover their ancient reputation, and again be a people great for honor and glory.

*****Jesus began with only Himself and a few apostles. Today the church has grown to a multitude beyond numbering. We also know that those in captivity in Babylon were told to multiply, so this possibly has two meanings. Man can never glorify himself, only God must glorify him.

Jer. 30:20 Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation shall be established before me, and I will punish all that oppress them. (KJV)

Their children also shall be as aforetime . . . be playing in the streets of Jerusalem, numerous and free, no more in a strange land, or subject to others (Zec. 8:5). And they shall be educated in a religious manner. Some think it refers to the times of the patriarchs before the Law was given. And that the meaning is, that the Law being repealed, and they are now practical about it, shall live without it, as their forefathers did. This may be understood of the church's children in a spiritual sense, that great numbers would be born again in her as before, and they shall profess the Christian religion, and behave according to it.
And their congregation shall be established before me . . . the Christian Church, which consists of the Jews. Their church state shall be settled and confirmed, and no more be destroyed, as it formerly was.
And I will punish all that oppress them . . . all the anti-Christian nations, who have oppressed them will now suffer the wrath of God. After this, there will be no more oppressors and persecutors of the TRUE Church of God.

Verses 21-22: The coming governor . . . from the midst of the restored people of Israel shall be, the Messiah Himself. This Passage makes it clear that He will join in Himself the roles of both Priest and King (Eze. 34:20-24; 37:24-28; Heb. 7:26 – 8:2; 9:11-15). The phrase from the midst indicates the importance of the earlier promised prophet (Deut. 18:15-19). For being near to God (Jer. 23:23). For the Promise that Israel will be my people (Lev. 26:12; Hos. 2:23).
2 Cor. 6:16-18 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 17 Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, 18 And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty. (KJV)

Their Government Established (Jer. 30:21)

Jer. 30:21 And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that engaged his heart to approach unto me? saith the LORD. (KJV)

And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them . . . Governor refers to the Messiah, the King (30:9; 23:5-6), a springing up from within Israel, and able to approach God the Father as a Priest.
Again, we see two messages here. One is the Ruler who comes from their people, and rules them after their bondage in Babylon. The other speaks of the LORD Jesus Christ who was born of a woman of the stock of Judah. He came from the people to reign. He was King of the Jews. Christ Jesus was God in the flesh (Jn.1:14; Lk.1:31-35; 2:7, 11). Jesus opened the way to the Father for ALL of mankind. At the crucifixion of Jesus, the Temple veil was torn from the top to the bottom (Mat.27:51) making the way open into the Holy of Holies for ALL who believe in Him.

God's Covenant with Them Renewed (Jer. 30:22)

Jer. 30:22 And ye shall be my people, and I will be your God. (KJV)

Our Almighty God, in these words declares that in that day he would renew His covenant with Israel, and they would be His people, to serve and to obey Him . . . and He would be their God to protect and bless them with all temporal and all spiritual blessings. Dear one,
We all must make the choice of being His people, through belief in His only begotten Son, Jesus, so that He can be our God. There is NO other way to Heaven!
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. (KJV)  
Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. (KJV)  
John 3:15-18 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. 16  For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17  For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 18  He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. (KJV)
1 John 5:10-13 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. 11  And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. 12  He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life. 13  These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God. (KJV) . . . Do NOT call God a “liar”!

Their Enemies Destroyed and
Cut Off (Jer. 30:23-24)

Jer. 30:23 Behold, the whirlwind of the LORD goeth forth with fury, a continuing whirlwind: it shall fall with pain upon the head of the wicked. (KJV)
 
Behold, the whirlwind of the LORD goeth forth with fury . . . the wrath of God is like a whirlwind that comes suddenly, with great force and strength, and carries away all before it. There is no resisting it; for such is the wrath of God against the enemies of His church and people.
A continuing whirlwind . . . whirlwinds come suddenly, and are usually soon over, but this whirlwind will continue on very boisterous and terrible, until it has done all it was sent to do.
It shall fall with pain upon the head of the wicked . . . according to some, it means the wicked Jews that do not repent and turn to the LORD, while others say it is the wicked nations. Not the Gentiles in general, as set apart from the Jews, but the anti-Christian states; for the ruin of Antichrist, and the conversion of the Jews, will be much about the same time. The vials of God's wrath (Rev.16), which will be poured upon them, and fall upon their heads, and will give them much pain, both in body and mind (Rev. 16:10). And which wrath and ruin are expressed by a tempest of thunder, lightning, and hail, and by an earthquake (Jer. 30:18; Rev.16:18-21). This speaks of the wrath of God on all the unbelievers.

Jer. 30:24
The fierce anger of the LORD shall not return, until he have done it, and until he have performed the intents of his heart: in the latter days ye shall consider it. (KJV)

The fierce anger of the LORD shall not return . . . this explains what is meant by the continuing whirlwind (in verse 23).
Until he hath done it . . .   His whole will and pleasure, brought Babylon to ruin, and destroyed all the anti-Christian powers.
And until he hath performed the intents of his heart . . . in a way of grace and mercy to His people, and in a way of wrath and vengeance on their enemies.
In the latter day ye shall consider it . . . those in the latter day, will understand this prophecy, and see it fully accomplished.

*****Now we see the time this whole thing was to be set. It shall be in the latter days. The latter days speaks of the time of the end. This is speaking of the time that we read of in Revelation when God pours out His wrath on those unbelievers and removes His children from the Earth for safety. 
Rev. 3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. (KJV) . . . God’s children will not go through the Great Tribulation! 
1 Thes. 1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come. (KJV)  
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.(KJV)  

Special Comments

What are the seventy sevens in Daniel 9:24-27?

Dan. 9:24-27 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. 25  Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. 26  And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. 27  And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. (KJV) . . . This is the only Old Testament Passage which refers to the Messiah as “Messiah.”
Other places:
He is called “Shiloh”. Gen. 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. (KJV)  
He is called the “Prince of Peace”. Isa. 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. (KJV) 
He is called the “Root of Jesse”. Isa. 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious. (KJV)  
He is called the “Righteous Branch”. Jer. 23:5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. (KJV)  

The prayer of Daniel; and prophecy of the Seventy Weeks is yet another of those incredible chapters in Scripture about prophecy! Personally, I think that this is one of the greatest chapters in the Book of Daniel, and certainly one of the greatest chapters of the entire Word of God. The subject here is double: prayer and prophecy. If we were to choose the ten greatest chapters in the Bible on the subject of prayer, this 9th Chapter of Daniel would have to be included . . . AND if the ten most important chapters on prophecy were chosen, this 9th Chapter of Daniel would have to be included there too. The first 21 verses give us the prayer of Daniel, and the last 4 verses give us the extremely important prophecy of the Seventy Weeks.
"Seventy sevens have been decreed for your people. . . . So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven sevens and sixty-two sevens; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. Then after the sixty-two sevens the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.”

Exactly what is meant by “seventy sevens”? The phrase by itself is vague, but taken in context the meaning is clear. Daniel’s prayer in verses 3-19 of the chapter refers to the fulfillment of a specific seventy-year period, the seventy years of the Babylonian captivity (as prophesied by Jeremiah). Daniel received the seventy sevens prophecy in response to his prayer. The prophecy foretold a period of seven times seventy yet to come, or seventy seven-year periods. Seventy seven-year periods equals 490 years.

The prophecy goes on to say that “from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven sevens (49) and sixty-two sevens (434). . . . Then after the sixty-two sevens the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing.”

Nebuchadnezzar had dismantled Jerusalem around 587 BC after having to put down two rebellions there in less than 10 years. At the time this prophecy was given, Jerusalem still lay in ruins. According to the prophecy, from the decree to rebuild Jerusalem there would be seven seven-year periods and sixty-two more seven-year periods . . . or 483 years . . . until the Messiah would come. After the conclusion of the 62 seven-year periods, or after 483rd year, the Messiah would be cut off.

Both the ancient Hebrews to whom Daniel was writing and the ancient Babylonians to whom he was subservient (the Book of Daniel having been written in Babylon during the latter half of the 6th century BC) used a 360-day year.

So, 483 years x 360 days = 173,880 days. This is the equivalent of 476 years and 25 days, using our modern Gregorian calendar’s 365-day year.

As for our starting point, the Persian emperor Artaxerxes Longimanus (who ruled from 464-424 BC) issued the edict to rebuild Jerusalem sometime during the Hebrew month of Nisan in the 20th year of his reign, or c. 445 BC (Nehemiah 2:1-8). From c. 445 BC, 173,880 days brings us to c. AD 30.

According to this prophecy, the Messiah would come, present Himself as Messiah to the nation and then be “cut off” sometime near AD 30. This was fulfilled as Jesus Christ presented Himself to the nation of Israel on Palm Sunday, was crucified on Preparation Day (the annual day on which the Passover Lamb was slain), and rose from the dead on Sunday.

The prophecy then goes on to say that, subsequent to the Messiah’s being killed, “the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.” Within one generation of Christ’s crucifixion, Titus razed Jerusalem and destroyed the temple.

There is some debate about the exact date of the decree that began the 483 years. There is also debate as to whether the days should be counted on our modern 365-day calendars or the 360-day lunar calendar. Regardless, Daniel's prophecy lays out an amazingly accurate time line. If we knew all the exact dates of Daniel's prophecy and timing, we would find it predicted the very day of Christ's death—over 600 years before it occurred.

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