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The Book of ACTS
THEME: The Day of Pentecost
This chapter can be divided into two parts. The Coming of the Holy Spirit is recorded in verses 1-13. The first sermon in the church age, given by the apostle Peter, is recorded in verses 14-47.
The Coming of the Spirit
Acts 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. (KJV)
They were all . . . probably not only the apostles, but also the one hundred and twenty mentioned in Acts 1:15. With one accord . . . (Acts 1:14). They most likely had stayed together until this time, and were very serious about this. In one place. Where this was cannot be known for certain. Commentators have been greatly divided in their guesses about it. Some say it was in the upper room mentioned (Acts 1:13), others say it was a room in the temple, which I doubt, others say that it was in a synagogue, etc. Many think that this took place on the first day of the week, Sunday. There is no sure way in establishing any of this. There was probably a difference among the Jews on this subject.
When the Day of Pentecost finally came, they were all together in one place. Pentecost took place 50 days after the Feast of Firstfruits.
The Feast of Firstfruits. Lev. 23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: (KJV)
Christ is the firstfruits! 1 Cor.15:23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming. (KJV)
The Passover speaks of the death of Jesus Christ. 1 Cor. 5:7-8 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (KJV) . . . the Passover (Ex.12:13) was fulfilled in the death of Christ; the Feast of Firstfruits was fulfilled in the resurrection of Christ, so the Feast of Pentecost must represent something, it has to be the fulfillment of something. Its fulfillment is the birth of the church, the day the church came into existence.
On Pentecost there was to be a meal offering to the Lord, which was to be presented in two loaves of fine flour baked with leaven (Lev.23). This was to depict the beginning and origin of the church. It spoke of the Coming of the Holy Spirit in the very particular ministry of calling a people out of this world to form the body of Christ, which is the church. Five minutes before the Holy Spirit came on the Day of Pentecost there was no church. Five minutes after the Holy Spirit came on the Day of Pentecost there was a church. What Bethlehem was to the birth of Christ, Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost was to the Coming of the Holy Spirit. He began to baptize believers, which means that the Holy Spirit identified them with Christ as His Body here on this Earth. 1 Cor.12:15 For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. (KJV)
The Holy Spirit began His special ministry on the Day of Pentecost. When the Day of Pentecost "was fully come" does not mean it was 12:00 noon or 7:00 in the morning or 2:00 in the afternoon. It means that Pentecost, which Israel had been celebrating for many generations, was fulfilled.
Pentecost is a Greek word, meaning the fiftieth part of a thing; or the fiftieth in order. The Jews applied to one of their three great feasts which began on the fiftieth day after the Passover. This feast was reckoned from the sixteenth day of the month ABIB, or April, or the second day of the Passover. The paschal lamb was slain on the fourteenth of the month at even (Lev. 23:5); on the fifteenth of the month was a holy assembly, the proper beginning of the feast; on the sixteenth was the offering of the first-fruits of harvest, and from that day they were to wait seven weeks (49 days) to the feast called the feast of Pentecost, so that it occurred fifty days after the first day of the feast of the Passover. This feast was also called the “feast of weeks,” from the circumstance that it followed a succession of weeks (Ex.34:22; Num. 28:26; Deut.16:10). It was also a harvest festival, and was accordingly called “the feast of harvest.” And it was for this reason that two loaves made of new meal were offered on this occasion as first-fruits (Lev. 23:17,20; Num. 28:27-31).
Acts 2:2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. (KJV)
When the Holy Spirit came, He was NOT visible, but they could hear and feel Him. The Holy Spirit is a Spirit, as is God the Father (John 4:24). BUT . . . He certainly did make His Presence known: in two ways!
Mankind gets his information from: the ear-gate and the eye-gate. We hear and we see. The Holy Spirit used both these gates that day. Through the ear-gate those there HEARD a sound from Heaven, like that of a mighty rushing wind. This SOUND filled ALL the house where they were sitting. Notice . . . it does NOT say that it was a wind! It says it sounded like wind! I am sure it did NOT sound like a gentle breeze blowing through the trees. It sounded like a tornado! And I think all of Jerusalem could hear it.
I do believe that the descent of the Holy Spirit was absolutely NOT confusion in any way! 1 Cor.14:33 For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints. (KJV) The Holy Spirit’s Coming was an extremely important event because the church depended on it!
Acts 2:3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. (KJV)
The tongues were “like as of fire.” Now they could SEE! It was NOT fire . . . but it looked like fire. The tongues were "like as of fire" and it rested upon each of them. This was the eye-gate. Those there SAW this happen! So on that Day of Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit came to the church, He baptized those in the room that day into the body of Christ. Each and everyone there heard and saw the Coming of the Holy Ghost (Spirit).
This is NOT to be confused with the baptism of fire. The “baptism of fire” shall be on Judgment Day, which is yet to come. In the Book of Revelation we see the wrath of God revealed from Heaven, fire from Heaven (Rev.14:10; 20:9). That is a baptism of fire. If men will not have the baptism of the Holy Spirit, then they will certainly have the baptism of fire JUDGMENT! The baptism of fire is for ALL those who reject Jesus Christ.
Acts 2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. (KJV)
This verse says they were “filled with the Holy Spirit.” Were they “filled with the Holy Spirit” OR were they “baptized with the Holy Spirit”? When a person is baptized by the Holy Spirit, they are also filled with the Spirit (Rom.8:9).
1 Cor.12:13 For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. (KJV) . . . We MUST be baptized by the Holy Spirit to be in the Body of Christ (church). I am NOT speaking of any denomination!
John 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. (KJV) . . . Unless we are baptized by the Holy Spirit, and born of the Spirit, we are NOT God’s child!
Romans 8:9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. (KJV) . . . Unless we are baptized by the Holy Spirit, and filled with the Holy Spirit, we are NOT God’s child!
Ephesians 1:13-14 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, 14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. (KJV) . . . Unless we are sealed by the Holy Spirit, Heaven (our inheritance, 1 Pet.1:4) is NOT ours!
At pentecost, they were baptized by the Holy Spirit. This was foretold by John the Baptist (Luke 3:16) and repeated by our Lord Jesus: "For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence" (Acts 1:5). When the baptism took place, it placed them in the body of believers. It marked the beginning of the church. Ever since that day every believer in the Lord Jesus Christ is placed into the body of Christ by the baptism of the Holy Spirit.
Being baptized by the Holy Spirit places us into the church. Being filled with the Holy Spirit empowers us to serve our Master! We should pray to be filled with the Spirit, each day anew (Eph.5:18).
The baptism of the Holy Spirit is not a command to us. It is not an experience. It is an act of God whereby the believer in Jesus Christ is indwelt by the Spirit of God, sealed unto the day of redemption, and placed into the church, the body of Christ, by the baptism of the Spirit. The filling of the Spirit of God is the enablement for service.
After they were filled with the Holy Spirit, they "began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance." These "other tongues" are absolutely NOT unknown tongues. There were many different languages spoken by Jews throughout the Roman Empire. These worshipers had come from many different areas of the Roman Empire for the Feast of Pentecost. All male Jews were required to come to Jerusalem for three of the feasts. They were in Jerusalem because of that, and many of them could not speak Hebrew.
The Day of Pentecost CANNOT be duplicated. It was a precise and special event in history. We cannot duplicate it any more than we can duplicate Bethlehem and the birth of Christ.
These apostles were from Galilee. They could NOT speak all the other languages of those that came that day to the feast. BUT . . . every man that came heard his own language spoken because the Spirit gave them utterance.
Acts 2:5 And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. (KJV)
They had come from everywhere because of the Feast of Pentecost. This is why they were in Jerusalem.
Acts 2:6 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language. (KJV)
When this was noised abroad . . . means when this sound (the wind) took place. Because of the sound a multitude gathered. The sound the people of Jerusalem heard had never been heard before; so they came rushing toward it. Probably all 120 believers were there (Acts 1:15).
The people who went there were bewildered because every man heard the apostles speak in his own language. It was not only that the language of their country was spoken, but each man heard his own dialect as it was spoken in his area of the country. The was NOT mass confusion of some of today’s churches.
These men were NOT talking gibberish. They were NOT talking in unknown tongues. These men were speaking the dialects of the people in the multitude.
Some Bible commentators believe that what is meant here is that the apostles were NOT speaking in other languages at all, but were speaking in their own Galilean dialect, and the miracle was in the hearing because it says: “every man heard them speak in his own language.” SO . . . we all can agree that there WAS a miracle that special day . . . BUT . . . was the miracle that broke down the language barrier in the speaking OR could it have been in the hearing?
Also, consider the following: Nowhere in Acts do you find the term "Baptism of the Holy Ghost" in connection with speaking in tongues. The baptism of the Holy Ghost is related to salvation, NOT tongues (1 Cor.12:13).
There is NO command in the Bible to speak with unknown tongues.
A person who does not have the Holy Spirit is not saved (Rom.8:9; 1 John 4:13).
A wicked generation seeks a sign (Mat.12:39).
The tongues movement of today is NOT Acts 2 tongues but the CARNAL tongues of 1 Corinthians.
Jesus does NOT command us to speak in ANY different "tongues."
Acts 2:7-11 And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans? 8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born? 9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, 10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, 11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God. (KJV) . . . Emphasis mine. 18 languages!
Acts 1:4 says: “as the Spirit gave them utterance” meaning as the Spirit gave them power to speak. This clearly states that they now had the ability to speak languages which they did not know . . . or understand a language they did not know. Their native tongue was that of Galilee, the common language used in Judea, the Syro-Chaldaic. Many attempts have been made to try to figure a way other than this being a miracle. BUT . . . the natural and clear meaning of the Passage is: they were endowed by the miraculous power of the Holy Ghost with ability to speak foreign languages they did not know! PERIOD! I do not think that each one had the power to speak all the languages which named (Acts 2:9-11) but that this ability was among them, and that together they could speak these languages; probably some one, and some another.
The following may be helpful:
(1.) This ability was predicted in the Old Testament. "With another tongue will he speak to this people" (Isa.28:11). 1 Cor.14:21 In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord. (KJV)
(2.) The Lord Jesus stated that they would have this power. Mark 16:17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; (KJV)
Acts 2:12 And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this? (KJV)
They were amazed and confused. They didn't understand what was happening. They could not figure out the cause or reason for the strange things.
Acts 2:13 Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine. (KJV)
New wine may inebriate. They simply thought these men were drunk.
The First Sermon in the Church
Acts 2:14-15 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: 15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day. (KJV)
Peter replies to their mockery and ridicule by saying: "They are not drunk, look what time of day it is!" This was not an hour when people in that day were drunk. He is talking to the doubters and unbelievers. Our world today is filled with them!
Just who all was in this congregation? They were men of Judea and all that lived in Jerusalem. When Pentecost took place, Jerusalem was entirely Jewish. Pilate and his people had their headquarters in Caesarea, not Jerusalem. The early church was 100 percent Jewish. It was made up of Israelites. We need to recognize that. The church began in Jerusalem, then moved out to Judea, then Samaria and then to the uttermost parts of the Earth. This has been the movement of the church from that day to this. In the Old Testament it was to Jerusalem that the world was to come for worship. The new church is commanded to leave Jerusalem and take the Gospel to the ends of the Earth (Mat. 28:19-20).
Acts 2:16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; (KJV)
The prophecy which Joel delivered so long ago is now fulfilled. He tells the Jews: this is yet another proof that Jesus, Whom ye have crucified, is the Messiah. What Peter is saying is: "Why do you think this is something odd or something strange? We have prophecy that says these things are going to happen."
Acts 2:17-21 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: 18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy: 19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: 20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come: 21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved. (KJV)
NO one can say that on the Day of Pentecost the moon was turned to blood or that the sun was turned to darkness. When Christ was crucified, there was darkness for three hours, but NOT on the Day of Pentecost. Nor were there wonders of Heaven above and signs in the Earth beneath. Neither was there blood and fire and a vapor of smoke. Simon Peter quotes this Passage to these mockers to simply SHOW them that the pouring out of the Spirit of God should not be strange to them. Joel had predicted it, and it IS going to come to pass, BUT it was NOT fulfilled on the day of Pentecost.
Joel 2:28-32 has NOT been fulfilled yet! In the Book of Joel, we will find that he had a great deal to say about “the Day of the Lord.” The Day of the Lord will begin with the Great Tribulation period. In three chapters of the Book of Joel “the Day of the Lord” is mentioned 5 times. Joel talks about the FACT that it is a time of war, a time of judgment upon the Earth. It has NOT yet been fulfilled. It was NOT fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost.
What Simon Peter is saying is: "This is not strange or contrary. The day IS coming when this will be fulfilled. And what we see today is something SIMILAR to it."
Remember, Peter is speaking to Jews, he is speaking to men who knew the Old Testament. Don't try to put all the church history into this. This is just the start of the church on the Day of Pentecost. Peter does NOT say: “Ye men of the United States.” He is talking to Jews over 1900 years ago!
Acts 2:22-24 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know: 23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: 24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. (KJV)
Miracles and wonders and signs . . . the difference is not important. It was common to add extra words to show the greatness of the matter. Christ Jesus did indeed do all sorts of wonderful works, so many, and so great that NO amount of words can express it.
Peter proceeds now with his argument, to show that Jesus Christ had been raised up; and that what was taking place was in fulfillment of His Promise, was proof of His resurrection, and that He should be exalted as the Messiah. Therefore they should repent for their great sin in having put their own Messiah to death.
“Miracles” is the display of Jesus’ power. “Wonders” is the unusual or remarkable events which were with Him. “Signs” are the signs or proofs that He was from God. Together, they mean the assorted series of remarkable works: raising the dead, healing the sick, God the Father speaking from Heaven on Jesus’ behalf (Mat.3:17; 17:5; John 12:27-33; 2 Pet.1:17; His baptism, transfiguration, His passion in Gethsemane), which showed that Jesus WAS sent from God. The proof which this furnished was that Jesus was from God, and that God would NEVER bestow any such power on any impostor! Jesus WAS Who He said He was and did what He said He did!
The Lord Jesus often said His power to do these things were from His Father; but He did it in such a way as to show that He was closely united to Him (John 5:19,30). Peter says here that God did these works by Jesus Christ, to show that Jesus was truly sent by Him, and that therefore Jesus had the seal and verification of God the Father. The same thing Jesus Himself said: John 5:36, "The works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me." The great works which God has done in Creation, as well as in redemption, He is represented as having done by His Son.
Heb.1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; (KJV) Heb.1:2 , "By whom also he made the worlds." John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. (KJV) Col. 1:15-19 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: 16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: 17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. 18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence. 19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell; (KJV)
The Jews, even in the time of Christ, did not dare question Him. John 15:24 If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father. (KJV) BUT, while they admitted the miracles, they attempted give credit to Beelzebub (Mat.9:34; Mark 3:22). So sure and numerous were Jesus’ miracles, that Peter states that the Jews knew that Jesus did them and they could not deny it.
On this he proceeds to bring up his argument for the Truth of Jesus’ Messiahship.
Verse 23 . . . “Him, delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain” . . . Filled with amazement, as they were already, by a visible and audible manifestation of the Spirit of God, they now see that the whole amazing occurrence is submissive to the Name of the Nazarene Whom they had despised and crucified.
This awful Truth is brought home to them, with overwhelming facts, that made them reel and stagger under repeated fearful blows. They have just heard seven startling things: #1. That Jesus had been approved by God among them, by miracles and wonders and signs which God had done by Him. #2. That they, themselves, knew this to be true. #3. That it was not from lack of ability or power on Jesus’ part, but was according to the purpose and foreknowledge of God, that Jesus willingly surrendered to them (Mat.26:53, He could have called angels). #4. That when He surrendered, they had put Him to death, by cruel, heartless beatings and the torture of crucifixion. #5. That they had done this with wicked hands. #6. That God had raised Him from the dead. #7. That it was NOT possible that death could hold Him.
The Name “Jesus of Nazareth” brought vividly before their minds a well-known Person, and all His well known history flashes across their memory. It is the first announcement to the world of a risen and glorified Redeemer.
Acts 2:25-27 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: 26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: 27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. (KJV) . . . Quoting Psalm 16:10.
Thou wilt not leave my soul . . . soul with us, means the thinking, the immortal part of man, whether with the body or separate from it. The word Hell, in English, means the place of the future eternal punishment of the wicked. Thine Holy One . . . in the New Testament, is "my beloved Son" (Mat.3:17; 17:5; Mark 9:7; Luke 3:22; 9:35; 20:13). It is used as the well-known designation of the Messiah. Mark 1:24: "I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God." Acts 3:14: "But ye denied the Holy One and the Just."
To see corruption . . . corruption here means decay in the grave. The word which is used in: Job 17:14 I have said to corruption, Thou art my father: to the worm, Thou art my mother, and my sister. (KJV) . . . And in: Acts 13:34-37 And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David. 35 Wherefore he saith also in another psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 36 For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption: 37 But he, whom God raised again, saw no corruption. (KJV)
It is prophesied in the Old Testament that Jesus would NOT decay in the grave! And He did NOT! He rose out of that grave! He is alive and well!
Acts 2:28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance. (KJV)
Peter now quotes: Psalm 16:27-28 because thou wilt not leave my soul in hades, neither wilt thou suffer thy Holy One to see corruption. (28) Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou wilt make me full of joy with thy countenance. (KJV)
Thou hast made known to me . . . God often has said to make those mercies known to us which He bestows upon us. The ways of life . . . of a true life, which is life indeed. David in these words celebrates God's delivering of him from his grievous afflictions and exile; in which he was looked upon by others, and by himself, as a dead man, yet he was brought again to see the temple, and enjoy the ordinances of God, without which his life was as no life to him at all. Peter said that our Saviour, after His death and passion, arose (came back to life) and ascended into Heaven, and lives for ever to make intercession for us (Rom.8:34; Heb.7:25; 1 John 2:1).
With thy countenance; that is, with His Presence, or manifestation of His love and favor . . . His grace!
Acts 2:29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. (KJV)
Some think Peter was standing in the temple area where he could point to Mount Zion where David was buried. Peter is saying, "It is clear that David was not speaking about himself because his bones are right up there on the top of the hill. His grave is there; his body DID experience corruption in the grave. David did not speak of himself, but of Someone whom you and I know, Someone who did NOT see corruption but was raised from the dead."
Acts 2:30-31 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; 31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. (KJV)
In Psalm 16, David was talking about the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Here in Acts chapter 2 we have the Holy Spirit's interpretation of this Psalm. Simon Peter is talking about the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The first sermon ever preached in the church age was a Resurrection Day sermon. Every sermon in the early church was a Resurrection Day sermon. Christ Jesus DID rise from the dead, and one day He will see to it that we do as well (Dan.12:2; Luke 20:35; John 5:28-29; 11:24; Rev.20:13).
Psalms 132:11 The LORD hath sworn in truth unto David; he will not turn from it; Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thy throne. (KJV) . . . Jesus was a descendant of David (Mat.1:1-16; Luke 3:23-38). It is necessary that we believe this (Mat.1:1-17). God would raise up Christ, by the power of the Holy Spirit. Jesus was in the womb of His virgin mother (His incarnation) by the Holy Spirit, and would be raised Him out of the grave (His resurrection) by that same Power . . . to sit on His throne (Luke 1:32-33) . . . NOT as a temporal king like king David, for Christ's Kingdom is not of this world (John 18:36). As David ruled over all the people of God, so shall Christ do one day, but Jesus shall do it for ever!
Acts 2:32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. (KJV)
So far in Peter’s argument, he has proved that the Messiah must rise from the dead to ascend to His throne. Now he has to prove that Jesus really was raised, and was, therefore, the Messiah of Whom David had spoken. He proves the resurrection of Jesus by the testimony of himself and the eleven other witnesses standing with him. This was sufficient, as to the resurrection BUT . . . he must also prove that after Jesus arose, that He DID ascend into Heaven and sat down upon His throne.
It would be of no advantage to insist on the fact that the twelve did see Him ascend (Acts 1:9-11). . . because their eyes did not follow him any further than the cloud which took Him out of their sight. But Peter presents, in proof, this baptism of the Holy Spirit, which the multitude were witnessing, and which could be effected by NO one other than God.
Acts 2:33-35 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. 34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool. (KJV)
Because the Jews knew the Scriptures (Old Testament), Peter now quotes Psalm 110:1. He is showing the Jews that Jesus is at “the right hand of God.” Also see: Mk.16:19; Lu.22:69; Ac.5:30-31; 7:54-56; Rom.8:34; Eph.1:18-23; Col.3:1; Heb.1:3; 8:1; 12:2; 1 Pet.3:22. (11 times). Jesus will be there until He comes back to establish His Kingdom. BUT, while He IS at the right hand of God, in Heaven, He is still working in the world to benefit us.
Old Testament saints did not go to Heaven. If any of them had been up in Heaven, David surely would have been there. David did not ascend into Heaven. As I understand it, the Old Testament saints are going to be raised to live down on this Earth someday. It is the church that will be taken to the New Jerusalem (Rev.22:2). Believers today go to Heaven. 2 Cor. 5:8 We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord. (KJV) . . . When a born again (John 3:3-8) child of God dies, they immediately go into the Presence of the Lord! Old testament saints went to "Paradise" or "Abraham's Bosom" (Luke 16:22-23).
Acts 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ. (KJV)
Peter is preaching the resurrection of Jesus Christ, their Messiah . . . that Christ died for their sins, but He rose again . . . that same Jesus whom they killed.
Acts 2:37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? (KJV)
Simon Peter's message sunk in and convicted them. This powerful discourse is supported every where by prophecies and corresponding facts, and it left them with NO reply and NO excuse. They clearly saw there was NO hope for them, EXCEPT in the mercy of the One Whom they had rejected and crucified.
The Jews wanted to know: “What shall we do? How can we escape those judgments which are to come?
Acts 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. (KJV)
These people (Jews) had the Word of God (OT). They had heard the message. They knew the prophecies. They had been going in the wrong direction, away from God, like SO many today! Peter tells them that they must repent, turn around and go the other way. They are to turn around and come to God through Jesus.
Peter says to them, "Repent, and be baptized." Water baptism does NOT save anyone, like so many false teachers today say. That is a heresy! See our article: www.godcannotlie.org/f_falsehoods_baptismal_regeneration.htm
Water baptism would just be proof that they had repented, that they had come to Christ and had put their trust in Him. Just like today!
Peter says to them, “Be baptized . . . in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.” Just like today! God does NOT change! The Jews were to trust Jesus for the remission of their sins, instead of bringing a sacrifice to be offered in the temple. It is the same today, for Jews and Gentiles.
Acts 2:39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. (KJV)
1900 years ago you and I were "afar off." Peter is talking about us here.
Acts 2:40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation. (KJV)
Save yourselves from this untoward generation . . . untoward = hard headed, unruly, stubborn. It is as if Peter could foresee the hopeless impenitence of Israel. He urged his listeners to hasten and secure their own salvation which is found only in Christ Jesus . . . then and now!
Acts 2:41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. (KJV)
This is NOT some preacher's count. These were truly born again believers. This is one place where the figure on the number of converts is absolutely correct.
Acts 2:42-47 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. 43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles. 44 And all that believed were together, and had all things common; 45 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need. 46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, 47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved. (KJV)
How can you identify a TRUE church? Here are four marks of identification. #1. They continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine. The mark of a church is NOT how big it is. It is that the Gospel of Christ is being preached there. Correct doctrine is a must! #2. Fellowship. They were sharing the things of Christ. It is also love . . . which is the 3 C's: care, concern and compassion for our fellow man. #3. Breaking of bread. Breaking of bread is more than just going through the ritual of the Lord's Supper. It means being brought into a fellowship and a close relationship with Christ. Please do NOT partake of the Lord's Supper (communion) if there is something (anything) blocking your path to God! Get it right BEFORE you take it. (1 Cor.11:27-32). Examine yourself (2 Cor.13:5) to see if you are right with God. It is better not to partake if something is blocking the path to God: unforgiveness, unconfessed sin, etc. But, you should not feel unfit if you know you are born again and are walking as you should (Rom.6:14-23; 8:1-13; Gal.5:16-26; Col.2:6-7; 1 John 1:7). #4. Prayers. Prayer is a horrible weakness of the church. Actually, the greatest asset of any church is prayer.
Acts 2:43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles. (KJV)
I think this could possibly mean that fear came upon the unbelievers when they saw what the apostles were capable of doing with the power of the Holy Spirit.
Acts 2:44-45 And all that believed were together, and had all things common; 45 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need. (KJV)
Many were sojourners, and not citizens of Jerusalem. It was good that they remain together for the time, while visiting there, after what happened that day. They joined their common funds together. (Also in: Ac 4:34-37).
Acts 2:46-47 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, 47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved. (KJV)
Those saved were present at all the times of public worship, and joined together in prayers and praises to God. Breaking bread from house to house may mean that those who were closest to each other, frequently ate together at their respective lodgings on their return from public worship. Breaking bread is often used to express the eating of meals. The bread of the Jews was thin, hard and dry and was never cut with the knife, but simply broken by the hand.
With gladness and singleness of heart . . . A true picture of genuine Christian fellowship. They were truly grateful for what the Holy Spirit had done in their souls. They were full of gladness, spiritual joy and happiness; and singleness of heart, every man worthy of the confidence of his neighbor; and all walking by the same rule, and minding the same thing. Matthew 7:12 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets. (KJV) . . . The "Golden Rule."
Book of Acts
Ch.1 . . Ch.2 . . Ch.3 . . Ch.4 . . Ch.5 . . Ch.6 . . Ch.7 . . Ch.8 . . Ch.9 . . Ch.10 . . Ch.11 . . Ch.12 . . Ch.13 . . Ch.14 . . Ch.15 . . Ch.16 . . Ch.17 . . Ch.18 . . Ch.19 . . Ch.20 . . Ch.21 . . Ch.22 . . Ch.23 . . Ch.24 . . Ch.25 . . Ch.26 . . Ch.27 . . Ch.28