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Book of Isaiah
In the last days, the Bible tells us, a terrible series of events will take place in the lands of Israel and Syria. One of these events will be the disappearance of Damascus as one of the great cities in the world. The oldest, continuously inhabited city on the Earth, Damascus has witnessed at least thousands of years of human history. Paul was on the road to Damascus when Christ first appeared to Him (Acts 9), an event that transformed not only his life, but the course of human history.
Sometime in the near future, Damascus will once again a major role. The prophet Isaiah provides us with God has in mind on a future conflict between Damascus and Israel, and in so doing, He reveals certain prophecies that have already been partially fulfilled in the past, but the final fulfillment of Isaiah 17 still looms out in the future somewhere. The current Damascus, will one day cease to be a city, as well as being in the union of nations prophesied to attack Israel and be destroyed by God, which is proof that Isaiah 17 prophesies events still future. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damascus
Syria and Ephriam were joined together against Judah (Isa.7:1-2), and since they were so closely linked together in their counsels, this chapter, although it is titled the burden of Damascus (which was the head city of Syria), reads the doom of Israel too. #1. The destruction of the strong cities both of Syria and Israel is here foretold (vs.1-5, 9-11). #2. In the midst of judgment . . . mercy is remembered to Israel, and a gracious Promise made that a remnant would be preserved from the calamities and would receive good by them (vs.6-8). #3. The overthrow of the Assyrian army before Jerusalem is pointed at (vs.12-14). In order of time this chapter should be placed next after Ch. 9, for the destruction of Damascus, here foretold, happened in the reign of Ahaz (2 Ki.16:9).
THEME: The burden of Damascus and Ephraim; the burden of the land beyond the rivers of Ethiopia.
The Burden of Damascus and Ephraim (17:1-11)
Damascus was the leading city of Syria, and it still is that today. Many have called it the oldest city in the world. But, there are several cities that make the same claim, but Damascus does have a good claim to it. Damascus has been destroyed more often than any other city . . . and then it rises again from the ashes. But Damascus in this chapter, refers to the entire nation of Syria.
Ephraim is the name of a tribe of Israel, it is the name of a city, it is the name of a mountain, and it is the name of a man. Ephraim is often used in Scripture to refer to the ten northern tribes of Israel. The prophets used it in that way: Hosea 4:16-17 For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place. 17 Ephraim is joined to idols: let him alone. (KJV)
For that reason, we have here in Chapter 17 the burden of Damascus and Ephraim or, in other words, the burden of the nations of Syria and Israel. Because of the union between Syria and Israel (often was for the purpose of coming against Judah), Israel is linked with the judgments pronounced on Syria. Partners in crime, also means partners in judgment.
Isaiah 17:1 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap. (KJV)
The burden of Damascus . . . this is indeed a very heavy and grievous prophecy, concerning the destruction of Damascus.
Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city . . . Damascus was the head of a kingdom, but now its walls were demolished, its houses pulled down, and its inhabitants carried captive, which was done by Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria (2 Ki.16:9). It had been a very ancient city (Gen.15:2), and the head of the kingdom of Syria (Isa.7:8), and although it underwent this calamity, it was rebuilt again, and was a city of great fame, when destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar (Jer.49:24), after which it was raised up again, and existed in the apostle's time, and still is (Acts 9:22; 2 Cor.11:32). Damascus: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damascus
And it shall be a ruinous heap . . . or a heap of stones, as some interpret it. The word behold precedes this prophecy, as being very wonderful and remarkable, un-thought of and not expected.
It shall be a ruinous heap . . . there will be some who would be quick to point out that this has not been fulfilled, because the present-day city of Damascus claims to be the same as the original city. There is a far-off fulfillment of all these prophecies and too, a local or current fulfillment also. There are two possible explanations for the problem presented by this prophecy:
#1. Historians are not always accurate in their identification of such things as the locations of ancient cities. Some people say the biggest liars in the world have been historians. In the area of present-day Damascus there happen to be many ruins of a city, and any one of these ruins could be the original Damascus. Damascus was like many of the ancient cities, in that when it was destroyed in one place, it was not always rebuilt on the same site but on a different location. Other cities, such as the sacred city of Jerusalem, were always rebuilt on exactly the same site because of the importance of the location to the people. Archaeologists have not yet come up with the answer as to which of the ruins is the ancient Damascus.
#2. Damascus has withstood the aftereffects of war throughout history and has never ceased being a city, even though it has shifted locations. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, if not the largest. So far it has survived every catastrophe that has come upon the Earth, especially in a land that has seen army after army march through it . . . but it will not survive during the Great Tribulation period. It will be destroyed; and, as Isaiah says here, it will cease being a city. It will become a ruinous heap (Isa.25:2; 37:26; Jer.49:2; Mic.1:6; 3:12; Rev.18:1-2).
Isaiah 17:2 The cities of Aroer are forsaken: they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make them afraid. (KJV)
The cities of Aroer are forsaken . . . Aroer is a suburban area in Syria near Damascus. This entire area would be destroyed. This probably has happened in the past, and it will happen again. Aroer (Deut.2:36; 3:12), was possessed by the Reubenites and Gadites, whom Tiglath-pileser carried into captivity (1 Chron.5:26). These the prophet mentions here, as he does Ephraim in the next verse, because they were united with Syria against Judah.
They shall be for flocks which shall lie down . . . instead of houses, there would be sheep-folds and shepherds' tents, and instead of men, there would be sheep; and where streets had been, grass would grow where the flocks feed and lie down; which expresses of the utter desolation of these cities. Sheep are very timid creatures and easily frightened; but so great would be the evacuation of the inhabitants, that there would be no man to give them any trouble.
And none shall make them afraid . . . because the land would be forsaken and the inhabitants gone, there would be none there to disturb and oppress them.
Isaiah 17:3 The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the LORD of hosts. (KJV)
The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim . . . The fortress; either Samaria, their chief fortress; or all their fortresses or strong holds . . . the singular number being put for the plural; or all their strength and glory, which answers to the kingdom in the next clause.
And the kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria . . . Damascus was the head city of Syria, where the kings of Syria had their palace; but now that the rest of Syria would no more be a kingdom in itself, but would be subject unto others, and as it has been ever since.
They shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the Lord of hosts . . . the Syrians, who were in union with Israel, would share the same fate; would be carried captive as they were; would have their city and other cities, and their whole kingdom, taken from them, and be totally stripped of their splendor and wealth, and would have no more glory than those had; that had no power or glory whatsoever, meaning they were very small, as the verse 4 shows.
They shall be as the glory . . . sarcastic words implying their contemptible condition; for their glory is supposed to be departed from them, by what he had already said of them. The sense is, Syria shall have as much glory as Israel . . . neither of them shall have any at all.
*****The northern kingdom of Israel must bear her share of the burden or judgment of Damascus because of the alliance they have. Both were besieged by Tiglath-pileser (2Ki.15:29), and were finally deported by the Assyrian, Shalmaneser (2Ki.17:6). This certainly was a partial fulfillment of Isaiah's prophecy; and, as far as many are concerned, it is the total fulfillment. But this prophecy also looks to a future day. So often in the Word of God, He lets us know, by giving an earlier partial fulfillment, that one future day, the prophecy will be completely fulfilled. In the rest of this chapter we see the judgment of God carried out.
Isaiah 17:4 And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean. (KJV)
And in that day it shall come to pass . . . it being much about the same time that both kingdoms were destroyed by the Assyrians.
That the glory of Jacob shall be made thin . . . or shall be emptied, as this word is rendered (Isa.19:6; 24:3), the same with Ephraim and Israel (the ten tribes), whose glory lay in the superior number of their tribes to Judah; in the multitude of their cities, and the inhabitants of them; but now would be thinned out, by the vast numbers that would be carried away captive.
And the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean . . . like a man being consumed, becoming a mere skeleton, reduced to skin and bones. The meaning is that all their wealth and riches would be taken away.
Isaiah 17:5 And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim. (KJV)
And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm . . . with one hand he gathers the standing corn into his fist, and then reaps it with his other arm . . . so it would be with the people of Israel . . . they were like a field of standing corn, for number, beauty and glory; with the Assyrian as the harvestman, who laid hold upon them, and cut them down, just as a harvestman cuts down the corn. They would no longer be able to stand before him, any more than a field of corn could stand before the reaper! This was done both by Tilgathpilneser (2 Ki.15:29) and by Shalmaneser (2 Ki.17:6), kings of Assyria.
And it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim . . . one version renders it the valley of giants, and so it is translated (Josh.15:8; 18:16). Mention is made of it in (2 Sam.5:18), for it seems it was a valley not too far from Jerusalem.
Isaiah 17:6 Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the LORD God of Israel. (KJV)
Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it . . . in Ephraim or Jacob (the ten tribes), a few of them would escape, a remnant would be saved. This compares to the smallness of the Jews number, to grapes, that are gleaned (Ruth 2:2-3), after the vintage is harvested. Some interpret it of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, who were but few, in comparison of the ten tribes, who were many; and others thinks that it was Hezekiah and his company, in the midst of Jerusalem, who were only a few; that some of their Rabbis understood it of the few men that were left of the multitude of Sennacherib's army, when it was destroyed. Many explanations . . . but to me, the first one makes the most sense.
As the shaking of an olive tree . . . shaking the tree with the hand or striking it with a staff, when the fruit is ripe, to beat off the berries that are left.
Two or three berries at the top of the uppermost bough . . . the upper branch may hold two or three berries. One interpreter applies this to Jerusalem, which was the highest part of the land of Israel; where the king of Assyria would not reach.
Four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof . . . which escape the gatherer, shaker, or striker, for the same reason. These symbols make sense, since the people of Israel are often compared to grapes, vines and olives (Isa.5:1; Jer.11:16).
Saith the Lord God of Israel . . . this is added by Isaiah to confirm what is said, and to express the certainty of it; and shows that the Israelites are meant, to whom the Lord was a Covenant God.
*****Only a few of its people will be left, like stray olives left on a tree after the harvest. Only two or three remain in the highest branches, and four or five scattered here and there on the outer limbs. A remnant indeed! When the LORD, the God of Israel makes a statement, you can rest assured it shall come to pass, exactly as He has spoken!
Isaiah 17:7 At that day shall a man look to his Maker, and his eyes shall have respect to the Holy One of Israel. (KJV)
At that day shall a man look to his Maker . . . the One and Only Living and True God, who has made him. The remnant, according to the election of grace, shall look to God for help and assistance, for supply, support and protection; and to Christ in particular, who is the Maker of all things, without whom was not anything made that is made (Jn.1:1-3). ALL spiritual blessings of ANY kind come from God alone!
And his eyes shall have respect to the Holy One of Israel . . . who in this prophecy is said to be the Redeemer (Isa.43:3-4,14-15; 44:24). He is the Holy One that sprung from literal Israel; and is the Sanctifier of spiritual Israel. He is the Word (Jn.1:1) by whom all things were made in the beginning, and who was made flesh and dwelt among men (Jn.1:14).
*****The remnant that is left, must look to his Maker, and they shall sincerely respect, trust and worship God, the One and Only God, as the next verse explains. Their afflictions shall at long last bring them to repentance. This too is a prophecy for the future last days! (Isa.45:17; Rom.11:26).
Isaiah 17:8 And he shall not look to the altars, the work of his hands, neither shall respect that which his fingers have made, either the groves, or the images. (KJV)
And he shall not took to the altars, the work of his hands . . . meaning altars erected for the worship of idols, which are the works of men's hands, so as to serve at them, and sacrifice upon them. A righteous man will never look to his good works as altars to atone for sin, for he knows that nothing that a creature can do, can make amends for sin. Only Almighty God can forgive our sin! NO pastor, NO priest anywhere can make you right with God! Only belief in the Work of Christ Jesus on the cross can justify a person (Rom.3:24-26; 4:5; 5:1).
Neither shall respect that which his fingers have made, either the groves or the images . . . neither the altars nor the idols made by the fingers of men, were to be honored or worshipped instead of the One and Only Creator God of the Universe! Righteous men will NOT bow down to, trust in, worship, NOR depend upon salvation from any idol, but totally reject them. They look to Christ Jesus (Messiah) alone! The groves were planned and planted by men, as places for the worship of their idols, and were absolutely forbidden. The images, literally means images of the sun, that is, to Baal, who answers to the sun, either having the form and shape of the sun, or at least erected to his honor and worship (Deut.4:19; 16:21; 17:3; 1 Ki.14:15; 2 Ki.23:5,11; Jer.8:2; 7:18; 44:17-18).
*****They also had Asherah poles that were images of Asherah, a Canaanite goddess who was the female partner of Baal. An Asherah pole was a sacred tree or pole that stood near Canaanite religious locations to honor the pagan goddess Asherah, also known as Astarte. It is clear that the ancient Israelites, after entering the land of Canaan, were influenced by the pagan religion that it represented. Asherah poles were first mentioned in (Ex.34:13). God commands the Israelites NOT to set up any wooden Asherah poles of their own, but they did (Judg.3:7); and the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD. They forgot the LORD their God, and served Baalim and Asheroth.
Queen Jezebel may have brought the worship of Asherah into the northern kingdom. The cult encouraged immoral sexual practices and attracted many people. The Bible warns against worshiping Asherah poles (Deut.12:3; 16:21), and Manasseh was condemned for putting up an Asherah pole in the Temple (2 Ki.21:1-7).
Asherah poles are not a problem in our world . . . but a religion based on sexual immorality is! Pornography is a chronic addiction for many people, and sexual enhancing prescription drugs like Viagra, lead to the sins of millions. Media and entertainment industries feed our society's obsession with sex. The lust for sexual gratification leads millions on that broad road to Hell (Mat.7:13; Rev.20:15).
The prophet foretells the woeful desolations that would be made in the land of Israel by the army of the Assyrians.
Isaiah 17:9 In that day shall his strong cities be as a forsaken bough, and an uppermost branch, which they left because of the children of Israel: and there shall be desolation. (KJV)
In that day . . . in the day of Jacob's trouble (the Great Tribulation), of which he spoke in (Isa.17:4), and continues with these words, and afterwards.
Shall his strong cities be as a forsaken bough, and an uppermost branch . . . meaning the strong cities of Ephraim or Jacob (the ten tribes), which would be abandoned by their inhabitants; as they fled from the enemy, or were killed or carried away captive; like a branch of a tree, that is stripped of its leaves, or as a high branch of a tree that is dead and dry, and has nothing on it.
Which they left . . . or as they left, for fear of them; that is, the same cities which the Canaanites left; and as they left them, or were left by them, for fear of the Israelites; the same, and in the same manner, shall they be left by the Israelites, for fear of the Assyrians.
Because of the children of Israel . . . the strong cities of both Syria and Ephraim were destroyed by the Assyrians, mainly because of the sins of Israel. Jacob’s Trouble: (Jer.30:3-11; Dan.9:27; 12:1; Mat.24:6-8, 15-22; 1 Thes.5:3; Rev.ch.6-16; Rev.13:5).
Isaiah 17:10 Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength, therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips: (KJV)
Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation . . . the Lord, who was Israel’s salvation so many times: in Egypt, in the wilderness, at the Red Sea, and so many other times, simply had forgotten His works of mercy and goodness . . . and had forsaken His worship, and gone whoring after idols. That was the cause of their cities being forsaken, and becoming a desolation.
And hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength . . . the Lord had been their strong Rock (Ps.105:41; Isa.48:21; Rom.9:33; 1 Cor.10:4), who had supplied and supported them, protected and defended them.
Therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants . . . this does not seem to mean any specific plant, but all sorts of pleasant plants, flowers, and fruit trees, with which the land of Israel abounded.
And shall set it with strange slips . . . . strange slips are shoots from a foreign soil. The pleasant plants, and shoots from a foreign soil, are symbols for strange and idolatrous worship, and the cruel and offensive practices connected with it, and their reliance on human help, and on agreements entered into with the neighboring nations, especially Egypt; to all which the Israelites were greatly addicted, and in their expectations from which they would be gravely disappointed.
Isaiah 17:11 In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: but the harvest shall be a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow. (KJV)
In the day shall thou make thy plant to grow . . . they shall use all care and diligence that what they had planted and sown would thrive.
And in the morning shall thou make thy seed to flourish . . . yet all would be in vain.
But the harvest shall be a heap in the day of grief . . . when it was about to be possessed and enjoyed, according to their expectation, it will be all thrown together in a heap, and be ruined by the enemy. The harvest shall be removed . . . just when the fruit is ripe, and going to be gathered in, the enemy shall come and take it all away . . . so, instead of being a time of joy, as harvest usually is, it will be a horrible time of grief.
And of desperate sorrow . . . deadly sorrow will leave them in misery, with no hope of survival for the present year, or of having another harvest later . . . for the land would fall into the hands of their enemies.
*****I have trouble with this verse. I have read so many interpretations and comments, but I cannot agree with most of them, and some commentaries simply avoid this verse altogether, like J. Vernon McGee and others.
Verse 10 speaks of plant pleasant plants and strange slips, and those are symbols of idolatry. But verse 11 seems to me, that Isaiah is changing horses in the middle of the stream . . . going from one subject to a different one. It seems that he now speaks of planting for the harvest. They may plant the vines, but they will never have the joy of a harvest, let alone an abundant harvest. Their only harvest will be grief and unrelieved pain coming from sin. Harvest of Sin: (Job.4:8; Pro.22:8; Isa.17:11; Jer.12:13; 51:33; Eze.7:6; 21:25; Hos.6:11).
The Advancing Assyrian Army (17:12-14)
Isaiah 17:12 Woe to the multitude of many people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations, that make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters! (KJV)
Woe to the multitude of many people . . . this seems to mean the Assyrian army under Sennacherib, which consisted of people from many nations, and was very numerous, who are either threatened or called unto. Many people, joined together against Judah.
Which make a noise like the noise of the seas . . . like a violent storm, when the sea foams and rages, and overflow its banks; this may refer both to the noise made by the march of such a vast army, the rattling of their armor and chariot wheels, and prancing of their horses; and to the bullying, brash and blasphemous speeches of the people.
And to the rushing of nations . . . or rushing nations, rushing people.
That make a rushing like the rushing of mighty, waters . . . which means the fury and force with which they come, threatening to tear down all before them, as a great flood of water does. Rushing waters = people: (Isa.8:7-8; 17:12; Jer.46:7-8; 47:2; Rev.17:15).
This is a new prophecy, added for the present support and comfort of God's people.
Isaiah 17:13 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind. (KJV)
The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters . . . with great force and noise, and rush over the whole land, as the Assyrian army did, until it came to Jerusalem, and there it stopped (Isa.8:7-8).
But God shall rebuke them . . . just as He did the waters of the Red Sea (Ex.14:21-22, 27-29; Ps.106:9), and as Christ rebuked and calmed the winds and sea (Mat.8:26). Only God alone could rebuke the mighty waters of the sea, so none but He could have destroyed such an army in the manner as it was destroyed, and brought such a salvation for His people. This rightfully expresses both God’s Holy wrath and His awesome power.
And they shall flee afar off . . . from Jerusalem to Nineveh, estimated to be over 680 miles from there . . . meaning that Sennacherib, and the few that escaped with him, for his army was destroyed (2 Ki.19:32-36). God is SO good to His people!
And shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind . . . just as chaff upon the floor is easily chased away with the fan, and much more easily chaff of the mountains with the wind (Isa.41:15-16; Job 21:18). It was common with the Jews to thresh their corn, and winnow it on hills and mountains, to which this reference is (2 Chron.3:1). The dust of the mountains is much more exposed to the wind than that in the valleys. Kings and great men of the Earth are as dust with God; and the higher they are, or the higher that they exalt themselves, the more they are exposed to the power of His wrath, and the more easily they are cast down as the dust, and are scattered by the wind of God’s power!
And like a rolling thing before the whirlwind . . . like anything round, as a wisp of straw, the down of a thistle, or a tumbleweed, which is easily and quickly rolled about, especially by a strong wind (Ps.83:13). All these things show what poor, lightweight things the greatest of men are in the Hands of the Almighty God, and how easily He can move them about, from place to place, and out of the world, when He decides to do so. We all shall be judged according to our works.
Isaiah 17:14 And behold at eveningtide trouble; and before the morning he is not. This is the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us. (KJV)
And behold at eveningtide trouble . . . terror and confusion; which some understand of what happened to the Assyrian army, when the Angel of the Lord destroyed it (2 Ki.19:32-35), taking evening for night, because it was in the night that that was done. Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem certainly were in trouble on the evening before their deliverance. The entire land of Judea around them had been laid waste, their city was overwhelmed by a huge, powerful army, with the enemy’s loudmouthed blaspheming and victorious triumphing.
And before the morning he is not . . . what an awesome God we have! Sennacherib, the mighty king of Assyria, made it TO Jerusalem, but NO further! He fled . . . he is not! The Assyrian army was not, it was destroyed by an angel in the night, and in the morning all were dead corpses. Israel’s trouble was not! Joy came in the morning (Ps.30:5).
This is the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us . . . these are the words of the prophet, and of the people of God that he represented, making a statement. The meaning is, that this is not just the case of these Assyrians . . . but of all the enemies of God's people, who, sooner or later, come to destruction; and which is NOT by chance, but by the appointment and plan of God, who allots and portions out judgment to them, as the just reward of their works (Job 20:29).
The king did not make it very far! 2 Kings 19:37 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead. (KJV)
*****The rage and force of the Assyrians resembled the mighty waters of a stormy sea; but when the God of Israel would rebuke them, they would flee like chaff, or like a tumbleweed before a mighty wind. In the evening, Jerusalem thought they were in big trouble, because of the powerful invader, but before morning his army would be severely severed. Happy are those who remember that God alone is their salvation, and rely on His power and grace. The trouble of the believers, and the prosperity of their enemies, will be equally short . . . the joy of the believers, and the destruction of those that hate and spoil them, shall be forever. We all can learn from the Word of God . . . IF we will just open it and read it! God cannot lie! (Tit.1:2).
Commentaries on Old Testament Books
Book of Isaiah . . Isaiah's Mini-Bible
Isaiah Ch.1 . . Isaiah Ch.2 . . Isaiah Ch.3 . . Isaiah Ch.4 . . Isaiah Ch.5 . . Isaiah Ch.6 . . Isaiah Ch.7 . . Isaiah Ch.8 . . Isaiah Ch.9 . . Isa.Ch.10 . . Isa.Ch.11 . . Isa.Ch12 . . Home Page
JUDGMENT ON THE NATIONS . . . . . Isaiah Ch.13 . . Isaiah Ch.14 . . Isaiah Ch.15 . . Isaiah Ch.16 . . Isaiah Ch.17 . . Isaiah Ch.18 . . Isaiah Ch.19 . . Isaiah Ch.20 . . Isaiah Ch.21 . . Isaiah Ch.22 . . Isaiah Ch.23 . . Home Page
ISAIAH’S APOCALYPSE . . . . . Isaiah Ch.24 . . Isaiah Ch.25 . . Isaiah Ch.26 . . Isaiah Ch.27 . . Home Page
ISAIAH'S SIX WOES . . . Isaiah Ch.28 . . Isaiah Ch.29 . . Isaiah Ch.30 . . Isaiah Ch.31 . . Isaiah Ch.32 . . Isaiah Ch.33 . . Isaiah Ch.34 . . Isaiah Ch.35 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Historic Part . . Isaiah Ch.36 . . Isaiah Ch.37 . . Isaiah Ch.38 . . Isaiah Ch.39 . . Home Page
Isaiah Speaks of Messiah's Incarnation. . Isaiah Ch.40 . . Isaiah Ch.41 . . Isaiah Ch.42 . . Isaiah Ch.43 . . Isaiah Ch.44 . . Isaiah Ch.45 . . Isaiah Ch.46 . . Isaiah Ch.47 . . Isaiah Ch.48 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Introduction to the Suffering Servant
Isaiah's Suffering Servant Prophecy. . . Isaiah 52:13-53:12
Isaiah's Redemption Through the Suffering Servant . . . Isaiah Ch.49 . . Isaiah Ch.50 . . Isaiah Ch.51 . . Isaiah Ch.52 . . Isaiah Ch.53 . . Isaiah Ch.54 . . Isaiah Ch.55 . . Isaiah Ch.56 . . Isaiah Ch.57 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Vision of the Dispersion . . . Isaiah Ch.58 . . Isaiah Ch59 . . Isaiah Ch.60 . . Isaiah Ch.61 . . Isaiah Ch.62 . . Isaiah Ch.63 . . Isaiah Ch.64 . . Isaiah Ch.65 . . Isaiah Ch.66 . . Home Page