HIS SERVANTS' MINISTRY
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Book of Isaiah
Chapters 49-57 give us God’s gracious provision of redemption. This second section (chapters 49-57) points to an effective cure for their (and our) real problems. On the outside, their exile would seem to be the bad guy ruining their lives. If from section one they can understand that their judgment is because of their sin, then they will look for relief not only in a return to their homeland but in the healing of their sins, for ONLY God alone can provide this healing.
Although they are comforted about their return to Palestine, it is just a small part of the complete worldwide plan of healing that Almighty God will provide through His gracious and Humble Servant. The Servant serves as the Center of Hope in these chapters. Because of this awesome Servant, Israel can be assured that God has not forsaken them. In reality, the Servant will lead ALL nations to serve God. Slowly this Majestic Servant is introduced. His work is not easy, but He finds strength in the LORD God.
Through the multitude of verses describing the Suffering Servant, the Israelites (and we as well), should begin to realize the cost of salvation. It is easy enough to arrange for their passage back to Judah as the first section emphasized using Cyrus the Persian emperor as His servant. But, this Suffering Servant brings God’s people back through sufferings which climax with His death on the cross, and in this way He has become their Saviour (and ours). He died for their sins, and ours. What should have been OUR sufferings, became His sufferings. Do you honestly realize just what Jesus did for us? For you and for me? And because He faithfully did and does His work, He prospers and leads all those who are made righteous (justified) by Him (Rom.3:24; 5:1, 9).
God ever so patiently taught the Jews that His plan was to incorporate people all around the world. The many was to include people from everywhere . . . Jews AND Gentiles! The every one in chapter 55:1 is all-encompassing. Chapter 56 deliberately assures these strangers (Gentiles) not to feel inferior or unimportant. Consider the following:
#1. Man looks for political freedom; God provides spiritual freedom in the Kingdom of God.
#2. Man thinks only of his own race. God helps people from every tongue and race.
How great and immeasurable is God’s grace! Chapter 57 brings us back to the operating table. God spreads out our wickedness right before our eyes, and IF you sincerely want salvation of your soul, and long for hope of everlasting life, you must be willing to hear what the LORD has to say to you. Are you listening???
Matthew 3:2 And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. (KJV)
Luke 13:3 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. (KJV) . . . This is very important, because Jesus says it again!
Luke 13:5 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. (KJV)
Chapter 58-66 give God’s gracious Promises of hope. Isaiah’s powerful message of hope shines out so clearly from the reminders to the wicked. Almighty God demands contrite hearts, renewed lives and personal faith in Him from those who sincerely want salvation. If anyone is easily turned away from the LORD by His continual reminders to put away sin, then that person most likely will never be able to continue to read on to the hope that is so beautifully revealed to us in the later Passages. In the last section of Isaiah (chapters 58-66), reform and repentance is mentioned far less, while the idea of hope in God's salvation seems to throb in our heart.
This section has another interruption (or detour). In the middle of chapters 58-66 lies (Isa.63:7 to Isa.64:12) describing an Israelite’s personal confession and pleading. Before and after this, God speaks through the prophet Isaiah in different prophecies. But, this sincere pleading of a godly Israelite’s pleading is placed here, in the middle, and is like the smell of sweet incense drifting up to God in the middle of a sacrifice to Him, which can be seen as a sense of balance between God’s sovereignty and man’s will, for as God predicts the future, man pleads with the LORD to fulfill the mighty acts of redemption. It is a wonderful song of praise, cry of hope and humble confession all rolled together . . . and stands as a tribute day and night, pleading to God for help. The Israelites deserve to be abandoned, just as we do. Their sin (and ours) totally fits like a glove for God’s judgment. They are far worse than their enemies because they betray the One and Only TRUE God. These two chapters become a firm monument calling the godly ones to have hope in this faithful God and to remind God there are a few who really care.
The Hope of the Contrite
Chapter 58, exposes religious sins and extolls righteousness.
Chapter 59, convinces us of His desire to help us, even when it cost Him dearly.
Chapter 60, God gives the people a tremendous vision of the future.
Chapter 61, God calls the Servant to insure the peoples’ righteousness.
Chapter 62, God explains the participation of the people in realizing the vision.
Chapter 63:1-6, God uses the Servant to bring salvation to His people.
Chapter 63:7-64, helps us understand our sin and His grace.
Chapter 65, discovering the riches of His grace.
Chapter 66, confirming and expanding their (and our) hope.
Ch.40-48: Isaiah 48:22 There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked. (KJV)
Ch.49-57: Isaiah 57:21 There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked. (KJV)
Ch.58-66: Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. (KJV)
All three of these last sections end with the same idea . . . there shall be no peace, to the wicked. The Messiah brings peace, but any and all who reject Him will NEVER know peace. Turning TO idols is turning AWAY from the Messiah. As we have seen, this section has majored in a condemnation and rebuke of idolatry. Idolatry is a road that leads to Babylon. The LORD, in the Book of Isaiah, is traveling the lonely road to Calvary. BEWARE!!! ALL idolatry and witchcraft are an abomination to the LORD: (Deut.27:15; 1 Ki.11:7; 23:13; Isa.44:19; Jer.32:35; Eze.18:12; Dan.12:11; Mal.2:11; Rev.21:27)
ISAIAH 60 parallels with 1 PETER. Isaiah 60:21 describes the holy nation, Israel Thy people also shall be all righteous. 1 Peter 2:9 refers to the holy nation, Israel Ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people.
Isaiah 60:18 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.
1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. 1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:
As, in the two preceding chapters of Isaiah (58 & 59), the hypocrisy, profaneness, immorality and wickedness that would abound in the last days, even among professors of religion, are prophesied of; so in this, a very abundant account is given of last day light and glory; of both the spiritual and personal reign of Christ, with the latter of which it closes. The light and glory of the church, in the spiritual reign, are described (vs.1), the many conversions of persons to it from all quarters, east and west especially, are prophesied of (vs.4), the great usefulness those would be of unto it, in enriching it, and building it up, and in glorifying it, is declared (vs.9), as also the subjection of enemies to it; the favors it would receive from kings, and the fame and renown of it through all nations and ages (vs.14), its riches, prosperity, peace and safety (vs.17), and the chapter concludes with an account of the more perfect state of the church in the Personal reign of Jesus Christ, when there will be a perfection of light and righteousness; and the number of God's elect will be complete, and they will be all together (vs.19).
Theme: The Redeemer and Gentiles come to Jerusalem; the return of Israel to Jerusalem; Jerusalem's realization of all God's Promises.
The last part of the Book of Isaiah, may be new terrain to many people, because no school of prophecy brings up n this specific section of Scripture. Here we see the Sun of Righteousness rising upon Israel; that which Malachi said would come to pass in the last days. . . . . http://www.godcannotlie.org/malachi_intro.htm
When Christ comes, it will be like the sun rising into midnight darkness. In that day the nation Israel will reflect the glory light here upon the entire earth. The church, in the meantime, has gone to be with Christ (1 Thes.4:13-18). To try to make the nation Israel and the church one and the same is a study that bogs down when you get into an area like this. It is not a satisfactory interpretation, for it does not meet the range of these prophecies. I say this because it has caused so much confusion. Certain schools of Bible interpretation place little importance on prophecy because they simply neglect sections like this great chapter in the Word of God.
This third and final division of the Book of Isaiah presents the Redeemer on the Cross (Ch. 53). Following that there has been a definite progress and development which speaks not of the government of God (as the first part of Isaiah did), but instead, the grace of God. The first section the Law was emphasized . . . but here it is about the grace of God. We find in this Chapter, as we found also in the first section . . . that there is love in Law; while in this section we also find that there is Law in love.
Chapter 60 brings us to the full display of the Millennium (1000 years). Chapter 59 closed, saying that the Redeemer will come to Zion, and as we move along in chapter 60, He has come. In the Hebrew language there is what is known as the prophetic tense . . . when God’s prophets go beyond the event and looks back at it as if it were history. Isaiah speaks of many future things as having already taken place. Isaiah begins: Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. We must understand that for God to say something is going to happen, for Him it is the same as its already having taken place. Dear one, prophecy is like a mold into which history is being poured. The LORD knows in detail, every single thing that shall ever happen, every single thing that has ever been prophesied.
The Redeemer and Gentiles Come to Jerusalem (60:1-7)
Isaiah 60:1 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. (KJV)
Arise, shine; for thy light is come . . . a song of congratulation to Zion (Jerusalem) on her restoration, at the LORD'S Second Coming, to her true position as the mother Church, from where the Gospel of Jesus Christ is to be spread to the whole Gentile world. This is much too glorious to apply to anything that has happened as yet. Arise, from the dust in which they have been sitting as a mourning female captive (Isa.3:26; 52:1-2). Shine, spread to others the spiritual light now given thee (vs.3). Thou shalt be enlightened (Isa.58:8, 10; Eph.5:8, 14).
And the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee . . . the glory of the LORD, not just the Shekinah, or cloud of glory that rested above the ark in the old dispensation, but the glory of the LORD in Person (Jer.3:16-17). Is risen upon thee, as the sun (Mal. 4:2; Lk.1:78-79). Isaiah mentions that this light will arise from no other place than from God Himself. Everything goes well when the LORD shines His Light upon us; but when He turns away from us, nothing can make us more wretched and unhappy.
Isaiah 60:2 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee. (KJV)
For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth . . . darkness is ignorance, idolatry, immorality and all kinds of errors, evils and sins.
And gross darkness the people . . . darkness like that of Egypt; the most intense blindness and obsession as to divine things . . . all except the LORD Jesus Christ, the bright and morning-star, the day-spring from on high, the Sun of righteousness (Mal.4:2; Lk.1:78; Rev.22:16. Only His Gospel and His grace can bring light to those that before sat in darkness, and in the shadow of death (Job 3:5; 10:21-22; 12:22; 16:16; 24:17; 28:3; 34:22; 38:17; Ps.23:4;44:19; 107:10, 14; Isa.9:2;
Jer.2:6; 13:16; Amos 5:8; Mat.4:16; Lk.1:79).
But the LORD will arise upon thee . . . even though Isaiah shows that the favor of God will be visible by signs and effects, he does not leave out that which is most important, that believers will truly feel that God is their Father (1 Jn.3:1-2; 4:9-10), so that they can expect salvation from Him (Jn.3:15-18, 36; 5:24; 6:40, 47; 1 Jn.5:10-13). Isaiah indicates that people are overwhelmed by darkness . . . until the Light of the LORD (Jn.1:4, 9; 3:19; 8:12; 12:35, 46; Eph.5:8, 14; 1 Jn.1:5), shines upon us, as the proof of our being adopted into God’s family by free grace (Rom.5:15; 6:23; Eph.2:8; 2 Cor.9:15). The grace of God is FREE! It cannot be bought nor worked for! Isaiah clearly tells us that this life-giving Light proceeds from the grace of God alone. This life-giving Light is eternal salvation, eternal life, and it is indeed an extremely special gift of God (Eph.2:8-9; Rom.6:23). Eternal life: (Jn.3:165-16; 17:2-3; Rom.5:21; 6:22-23; 1 Jn.2:25; 5:13, 20).
And his glory shall be seen upon thee . . . Isaiah adds the word glory, because, after the LORD embraces us by His favor, He continues to increase His acts of kindness (grace) toward us. It should be understood that only the elect of God (Rom.8:33; Col.3:12; Tit.1:1; 1 Pet.1:2), are partakers of this brightness, this glory, for it is NOT a common or natural gift, but a gift of God (Jn.4:10; Rom.5:15; 6:23; Eph.2:8), by which the LORD justifies us by faith in the Sun of righteousness (Mal.4:2), a Great Light (Isa.9:2; 60:1; Mat.4:16; Jn.1:9; 3:19; 8:12; 12:46; Acts 22:6; Rev.21:23; 22:5). Those who continue on in sin, are overwhelmed by darkness, from which they cannot be rescued in any other way, than by the Light of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
*****The LORD Jesus Christ IS the Light of the world! That was one of His claims when He was here on Earth. John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life. (KJV) John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness. (KJV) . . . When He comes to the Earth the Second time, He shall be that Light.
The Coming of the Light is needed because of the night of spiritual darkness and wickedness that has covered the Earth. When the LORD returns, it shall be as it was in the days of Noah (Mat.24:37; Lk.17:26). Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. (KJV)
Even with the preaching of the Gospel for hundreds and hundreds of years, there is more darkness today than ever before, and it seems to increase daily. The LIGHT must pave the way for future blessings. The Sun of Righteousness (Mal.4:2) must rise to bring in the Millennial Kingdom (Rev.20). For this Kingdom to come into being, the LIGHT (Christ Jesus), must come to Earth. Dear one, the LIGHT is the LORD Jesus Christ. We must have the Presence of the Redeemer in Zion, for only He shall bring the Gentiles from afar.
Isaiah 60:3 And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising. (KJV)
And the Gentiles shall come to thy light . . . the Gentiles shall come; either to applaud their deliverance, or to pay the respect that should be shown them by other nations upon their deliverance. This was a plain prophecy of the calling of the Gentiles, which Promise was made to Christ (Isa.49:6). The LIGHT shall be so impressive that the glory of it, will attract distant nations, and they shall come and participate in the blessings of the Gospel. This contains the main statement which is the plan of this chapter. Isaiah had frequently made this statement before in general terms (Isa.2:3; 11:10; 49:22; 54:3); but here goes into a more specific account, and more fully describes the blessings which would result from the Coming of this LIGHT.
And kings to the brightness of thy rising . . . what is it that shall attract such multitudes to the church? They shall come to the Light and shall be drawn to join themselves because of the
Light that shines upon the church . . . that being the light of the glorious Gospel of Jesus Christ. There is no corner of the Earth which the LORD shall not enlighten by this Light. The purity and love of TRUE Christians, their heavenly-mindedness, contempt of the world and patient sufferings, were the brightness of the church . . . which drew many into it. The beauty of holiness (1 Chron.16:29; 2 Chron.20:21; Ps.29:2; 96:9), was the powerful attraction by which Christ had a willing people brought to Him in the Day of His power. Isaiah mentions kings, so they might not think that only common people would come to this Light . . . kings, princes and nobles shall also be greatly delighted to come to this Light! This is very rare in today’s world! Kings: (Isa.49:7, 23; 52;15;60:3, 10, 16).
*****I believe that the greatest revival in history, still lies ahead somewhere in the future.
Romans 11:15 For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead? (KJV) . . . Because the Jews rejected Christ, it meant that God offered salvation to the rest of the world. Think how wonderful it will be when they accept Jesus. As we believers well know, it will be life for those who were dead! (Eph.2:1-2). It will in reality . . . be the resurrection of the nation Israel and the resurrection of the world.
Isaiah 60:4 Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side. (KJV)
Lift up thine eyes round about, and see . . . look all around, into all parts of the Earth. The people will come from all parts of the world. Lift up thy eyes round about, and see them coming, devout men out of every nation under heaven (Acts 2:5).
All they gather themselves together . . . they gather themselves together, so they may strengthen one another's hands, and encourage one another.
They come to thee . . . Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD (Isa.2:3). They shall come from the most remote parts, and they will not be discouraged by the length of the journey.
Thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side . . . they shall come, sons and daughters shall come in the most dutiful manner, determined to be included in the family of God, and to submit to the laws of that family and put themselves under the teaching of it.
*****Those that are brought into the church by the grace of God will bring with them all they have, which with they will devote to the honor and service of God and to do good with. The merchants’ merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD (Ex.28:36; 39:30; Isa.23:18), it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing (Isa.23:18).
The abundance of the sea, either the wealth that is taken out of the sea (fish, pearls) or that which is imported by sea, shall all be converted to the LORD and to His use. The wealth of the rich merchants shall be laid out in works of piety and charity.
Isaiah 60:5 Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee. (KJV)
Then shalt thou see, and flow together . . . then shalt thou see with great happiness, the multitudes of their children running to the LORD. Flow together as when one river meets with another, joining waters, and runs together as one river. This reveals the abundance of their united joy as they flock together to behold such an amazing sight.
And thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged . . . thine heart shall fear as standing amazed to see such multitudes coming to the LORD Jesus Christ. It was as if they were surprised, or overwhelmed with the joyful sight, as Jacob was with the news of Joseph (Gen.45:26), and as those of the circumcision that were with Peter (Acts 10:45). There will be a mixture of fear and joy (Isa.49:18; Jer.33:9). Be enlarged, both with joy and love . . . joy within at the coming in of the Gentiles, and this is outwardly shown by the increase of love and help towards them. Thine heart shall fear, fear always touches the heart, so this indicates that it is fear mixed with such an affection, as will open it.
Because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee . . . some understand the riches of the sea, is that which is gotten out of it, or gotten upon it by trading by it . . . all this shall be converted to the use of the church and people of God in the last days. Others say this means an abundance of seafaring men who shall be converted at this time, in which the grace of God will all the more appear, since they are usually very wicked and reckless men. Still others think it refers to the inhabitants of all the islands of the sea, or that the sea may mean the several nations of the world, as waters at times does mean many people or nations (Isa.17:12; Jer.47:2; 51:13; Rev.17:1, 15). Shall be converted unto thee . . . the merchants shall not convert their riches to their own use, but to that of the church of the LORD.
The forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee . . . the forces or the wealth of the Gentiles shall not only have wealth, but also strength of the nations, to stand by the church, which also is ready and willing to be in the nations to help them out of mystical Babylon (Rome). The forces of the Gentiles or the armies and the soldiers, will be converted, as well as the seafaring men, who are for the most part also very wicked. Not only will kings become Christians, but their armies will too, their generals, officers and common soldiers; and when this happens . . . woe be to the whore of Rome (Rev.17)! These will hate her and burn her flesh with fire (Rev.17:16)!
Isaiah 60:6 The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD. (KJV)
A multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah . . . this means the multitude of people riding on these animals. Dromedaries (1Ki.4:28; Est.8:10; Isa.60:6) have one hump on the back, while the camel has two humps (Gen.37:25; Deut.14:7; Judg.6:5; 7:12; 1 Sam.15:3; 1 Chron.5:21; 2 Chron.9:1; Job 42:12, Zec.14:15; Mat.23:24). Dromedaries are smaller than camels and are known for swiftness (Jer.2:23). Midian and Ephah abounded with them, and the multitudes would come and fill Jerusalem, and the places around it. Midian was a son of Abraham by Keturah (Gen.25:4). Midian is east of the Red Sea, stretching northward along Mount Seir. Midian is associated with the Ishmaelites in traffic (Gen.37:25-28). Ephah is a part of Midian, east of the Dead Sea. It abounded in camels (Judg.6:5).
All they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense . . . Sheba is in Arabia, and is well-known for frankincense and gold (Ps.72:15; Jer.6:20), which they traded in (Job 6:19; Isa.45:15; Eze.27:22). They from Sheba (2 Chron.9:1) and their descendants live in Arabia . . . so this actually is a prophecy of the conversion of the Arabians.
And they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD . . . the LORD has called them by His grace (kindness) out of darkness, into the marvelous light of the Gospel. Falsereligions are in abundance throughout the world, and have always been a scourge and a curse, and utterly despised by the LORD. ALL false religion shall be cast out completely when the Sun of Righteousness shall come, for the wonderful light of the Gospel shall be everywhere. They shall show forth . . . all distant lands shall joyfully and willingly join in the worship of the One and Only Almighty God.
*****The wealth brought in by land and by sea, shall be used in serving God and His church. The camels and dromedaries that bring gold and incense of Midian and Sheba, shall bring the richest products of their country, not to trade with, but to honor God with. The amounts brought in shall not be in small quantities, but by camels loaded down with them. This was in a small way fulfilled when the wise men of the east, possibly some of the countries mentioned here, were drawn by the brightness of the star, came to Christ, and presented to Him treasures of gold, frankincense and myrrh (Mat.2:1-11).
But in the last days, wise men, not only from the East, but from all over the world, will come with gifts of gold and incense for the Blessed Redeemer. There is no mention that they bring myrrh. Why? Because myrrh speaks of Christ's death at His First Coming (Mat.2:11; Mk.15:23; Jn.19:39). At His Second Coming there is no mention of myrrh. Myrrh is an expensive spice, used for making perfume, incense, medicine and for anointing the dead. In Biblical times, myrrh was an important trade item obtained from Arabia, Abyssinia and India. Myrrh often appears in the Old Testament mainly as an intense perfume in the Song of Solomon (Gen.37:25; 43:11; Est.2:12; Ps.45:8; Pro.7:17; Song 1:13; 3:6; 4:14; 5:1, 5, 13). This is quite an amazing verse!
Isaiah 60:7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory. (KJV)
All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee . . . Kedar (Isa.21:16-17; 42:11-12).
Kedar was the son of Ishmael (Gen.25:13). The Kedarenians were a wandering tribe that kept changing their residence, although they most likely usually dwelt in the southern part of Arabian Desert, or the north of Arabia Petraea, or Stony Arabia in northwestern Arabia. They are mentioned as dwelling in tents (Ps.120:5; Song 1:5). I think Isaiah means that which was their principal wealth would come and enrich Jerusalem, or the TRUE church of God.
The rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee . . . Nebaioth was also a son of Ishmael (Gen.25:13), and was the father of the Nabatheans. They were a people of Arabia Petraea, and lived mainly by plunder, trade and the keeping flocks. The country of Nabathea supposedly extended, from the Euphrates to the Red Sea, and included Petra, the capital of Arabia Deserts, and also Medaba. It is impossible to say where the exact boundaries of the various tribes of Arabians were. The main idea is, that their most valuable possessions would be devoted to God.
Shall minister unto thee, by coming up with an acceptable sacrifice on the altar.
They shall come up with acceptance on mine altar . . . or they shall ascend with good pleasure on my altar. The Jews were accustomed to express their ideas of worship by their sacrifices, and the sense is, that the conversion of the wandering tribes of Arabia would be as certain and as if the numerous flocks of Kedar and Nebaioth would be dedicated in sacrifice. All that was valuable to them would be used in His service. The people would come with their most precious offerings and consecrate them to the TRUE God. It is quite clear that this remains has yet to be fulfilled. Paul, indeed, preached in Arabia (Gal.1:17); and no doubt, there were some conversions to Christianity there. But, as a people in general, they have never been converted to the TRUE God; and in all ages they have been the victims of either idolatry or superstition.
And I will glorify the house of my glory . . . under the glorification of the Temple, Isaiah states the true restoration of the people; for the main part of their happiness was, that the Temple should stand, where men called upon God in a right way. When the LORD declares that the Church shall be restored, He mentions the Temple, the glory of which He will restore. Dear one, His House is now exposed to the mockery of the Gentiles, but one day, He shall restore to it the glory of which it has now being deprived of! God shall open the Gate of Heaven to Jerusalem, and then He shall openly call all the Gentiles to the hope of eternal salvation. True religion cannot appear glorious when nations do not acknowledge it nor submit to what it requires, and that shall NOT happen until Christ returns to the Earth (Zec.14:1-5; Rev.19:11-21).
***** God will advance the honor of His own Name by it; for He has said: I will glorify the house of my glory. In today’s world, the church is the house of God's glory, where He reveals His glory to His people and receives the respect by which they do honor Him. It is for the glory of this house, and of Him that keeps house there, both that the Gentiles shall bring their offerings to it and that they shall be accepted therein. Dear one, Christ is the Altar of God, and on Him alone we must offer, if we wish that God would accept our sacrifices. Hebrews 13:15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name. (KJV)
The Return of Israel to Jerusalem (60:8-12)
Isaiah 60:8 Who are these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows? (KJV)
Who are these that fly as a cloud . . . in multitudes so abundant, that they appear as a dense cloud? It seems that Isaiah, in a vision, sees a vast multitude coming to Jerusalem, or racing to embrace the TRUE religion . . . so many that it surprised him, leading to the question, Who can they be? (Isa.49:21). It is not uncommon to compare a multitude of persons to a cloud in the Bible (Eze.38:9, 16; Heb.12:1). Converts would be multiplied in such numbers, that they would seem to be like thick clouds making their way to Zion. This expresses the fact of the countless conversions among the Gentiles, and it is a most beautiful description of a revival of religion.
That fly as a cloud some think this means the Apostles of Christ, who, with incredible swiftness, made their way to the farthest boundaries of the world; and there is some probability in that (Mk.16:15), but I think Isaiah means this for the last days, in which there shall be a universal gathering of the Church; for men from every area shall run to it willingly and joyfully.
And as the doves to their windows?. . . I think the symbol of doves, is very fitting for this, because when they are dispersed through the fields, they appear not to be different from untamed birds; and yet they are trained, and have their pigeon house, to which they go to, and in which they build their nests. Doves fly to their houses, or to their windows, in an approaching storm. So too, converts would rush to Zion, away from the pagan world. They would come in great numbers, and would feel that if there they would be safe. Their great numbers, and the compactness of their mass, literally looked like a cloud at a distance, and hides the sun as they pass. The prediction here has already, in part at least, been fulfilled. The rapid conversions in the time of the apostles agrees with this prophecy. There have been many religious revivals, and there have been fulfillments of it . . . but we are yet to foresee and expect a far more striking and glorious completion of this prophecy in the last days, in the conversion of the pagan world to the Christian faith. What a wonderful day that will be!
***** There is so much spoken in the Holy Word of God, regarding the glory in the last days. This whole chapter abounds with the subject. The predictions contained here have never yet been confirmed. As great as the spread of the Gospel was in the apostolic age, it was nothing compared to that which we are taught to look forward to in the period that is now so fast approaching. Isaiah was busy with observing things of that day, but he saw the last days as if it had already started. He saw the entire Gentile world flocking to Christ Jesus, as though they were doves flying to their pigeon houses. The language Isaiah used, shows that day is suited to the time at which he wrote. Jerusalem was then the center of union to all the tribes, when all the males went up three times a year and offered sacrifices, and when all Gentile proselytes also came to present their offerings to the LORD. But all these things were typical of the Christian Church, which shall be established on the face of the Earth in the last days, and of the spiritual sacrifices which all who come up to Zion shall offer there.
Isaiah 60:9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee. (KJV)
Surely the isles shall wait for me. . . isles means Gentiles, and they shall wait for the Messiah, and His Coming. Isles (Isa.41:1). Shall wait for me (Isa.41:4).
And the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them . . . the ships of Tarshish (Isa.2:16). The main idea here is clear. These ships were the main ships known to the Hebrews as employed in foreign commerce, and Isaiah uses Tarshish to mean ships in general that sailed to distant ports. First among the first, in the first rank; they shall be among the most active and useful agents in diffusing the knowledge of the Truth. To bring thy sons from far those who shall be converted from distant lands, as if they were to come personally and worship at Jerusalem (Isa.49:22). The ships will be used in import the most valuable products of distant climates to Zion, and to collect those who would be converted to God. The ships that sail to distant lands would be used to advance the cause of salvation. Their silver and gold with them. Here again, Isaiah repeats what he had said before . . . the Gentiles shall yield obedience to God in such a way as to offer themselves and all that they have.
Unto the name of the Lord thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel . . . it seems the meaning is, that God intends to elevate His Church to the highest honor. The idea is, that all the wealth would be dedicated to God, and used in His service.
Because he hath glorified thee . . . He has glorified the church . . . such a glory shall arise upon her, so that it will continue and be so visible and manifest as to draw people from all parts, to come unto her and join themselves with her. He shall impart to her TRUE religion, and spread it around the world.
***** Many shall be brought into the church, even from the farthest countries, and they shall welcome the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and shall join God with their praises for it and their willing submission to it. Tarshish evidently refers to all seagoing nations whose ships will be used to return Israel to the Land of Promise. The nations who once destroyed Israel will at that time help in her recovery. At that time the nations will send the Jews back to their land. Instead of demanding payment, they will send the Jews off with gifts as the Egyptians did (Ex.12:30-36). In the end, Israel only collected their back pay from the Egyptians, for they had been in slavery for four hundred and thirty years (Ex.12:40-41).
Isaiah 60:10 And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee. (KJV)
And the sons of the stranger shall build thy walls . . . Isaiah formerly said that foreigners shall submit to God’s authority, in order to build the Temple; now he says that the sons of the stranger shall build their walls. Many are the ways by which the LORD promises the restoration of the Church. It is customary in Scripture, when the Church is spoken of, to sometimes mean the Temple, and sometimes Jerusalem or Zion. The LORD promises, through Isaiah, that foreigners (strangers) shall help in building the walls. And the sons of strangers those who have been devoted to a foreign and a false religion shall become devoted to the TRUE religion, and work in the service of the One and Only TRUE God.
And their kings shall minister unto thee . . . to make this easier to understand, I bring the following forward: Isaiah 49:23 And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with their face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me. (KJV)
And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers . . . kings and queens shall have a sincere affection and tender regard to them and their children, which was in some way fulfilled by Cyrus, Ahasuerus, and a few others of the Persian kings or queens (Isa.41:2,13,25l; 45:1; Jer.50:3,35; 51:11,20-24; Dan.5:6,28-30), but shall much more fully be fulfilled by the kings and emperors of the Gentile world, in the last days, (Ezra 6:7-12; 7:11-28; Neh.2:6-10; Esther Ch.8-10; Ps.2:10-12; 68:31; 72:10-11; 138:4; Isa.49:7; 52:15; 60:3,10-11,16; 62:2; Rev.21:24-26).
They shall bow down to thee with their face toward the earth . . . a posture indicating the deepest and greatest reverence. This is the common posture of showing great respect in the East.
And lick up the dust of thy feet . . . this would be the highest possible respect, adoration and worship for the church and people of God. This would be the same as kissing His Feet!
And thou shalt know that I am the LORD . . . I am the LORD is found 28 times in Isaiah alone, about 275 times in the Old Testament. He IS the One and Only TRUE God!
For they shall not be ashamed that wait for me . . . they who worship Me shall not be ashamed of the act requiring the deepest self-abasement, to show their reverence for Me. Even those of highest rank shall be willing to humble themselves with the most profound expressions of adoration. They shall not be ashamed that wait for me, for their hopes and expectations shall not be disappointed, but abundantly satisfied.
I will now continue on with verse 10:
For in my wrath I smote thee . . . in my wrath I smote thee (Isa.54:7-8; 57:17). Because the LORD had been extremely provoked by their offenses; He had punished them, but now He gives them reason to hope. He does not give the punishment which they deserved, but will be satisfied, if a temporary chastisement shall humble them.
But in my favour have I had mercy on thee . . . (Isa.54:8; 57:17-18), because of God’s kindness, He had compassion on them.He reminds the Jews what caused this change so they may not judge it according to their own anxiety. When kingdoms are changed, they often rise and fall, and men think that these events happen by chance, and that it is the common way of the world. The Jews might think when the kingdom of the Babylon was overturned, they were restored to liberty, so the LORD tells them that all these things are governed by His providence. Calamities never happen by chance, nor is God ever angry without a cause! He is never angry to such a degree as not to leave room for His compassion and mercy. God’s awesome mercy: (Ex.2:23; 3:7; Judg.10:16; 2 Ki.13:23; Ps.30:5; 78:38; 103:11; 106:43-45; Jer.31:20; Lam.3:22, 32; Hab.3:2).
Isaiah 60:11 Therefore thy gates shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that their kings may be brought. (KJV)
Therefore thy gates shall be open continually . . . thy gates shall be open continually, this expresses the peaceable state of the church, that she shall be in no danger, nor have any fear of enemies, for there will be none to hurt and destroy in all the holy mountain (Isa.11:9; 65:25); so there was no reason to keep her gates shut (Eze.38:11), Because of the vast stream of people to it continually; converts from all parts shall be always coming in, and the gates of the church will always stand open to receive them (Rev.21:25); and as many that come will be welcome; there will be no objection to them, no hindrance of them; ministers and people will gladly embrace them (Isa.26:2), for even though they will continue to come in great numbers, there will be room for them. The gates will not be shut to them, as being unable to receive more; place will be given for them to dwell; her tents will be enlarged; the curtains of her habitation stretched out; her cords lengthened, and stakes strengthened (Isa.54:2); so that there will be room for them all.
They shall not be shut day nor night . . . this clause is referred to in Revelation 21:25 but there it is expressed in a different way. Rev. 21:25 And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there. (KJV) . . . The gates of New Jerusalem will never close, for there is no night there. The gates of the cities were always shut at night for their protection; but in this Marvelous City of New Jerusalem (Rev.21:2), there is no night, so the gates will never be shut! The difference is . . . the New Jerusalem state, the Personal reign of Jesus Christ will be a perfect state, with no night at all in it . . . but with the spiritual reign of Christ in the Millennium (Rev.20:1-4), to which this prophecy of Isaiah conveys, will be an imperfect one, and even though it shall be glorious; it is not perfect, and that is why mention is made of both day and night.
That men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles . . . the whole strength of the Gentiles and their armies, also means the substance of the people, their wealth and riches (vs.5). When Isaiah says that the riches of the Gentiles shall belong to the Church, we must not think this refers to carnal luxury, for it does not . . . it refers to their utter obedience, which the entire world shall render to God in the Church in the last days! Isaiah says that all that is offered to God belongs to the TRUE Church, because God shall NEVER be separated from it.
And that their kings may be brought . . . that they may be brought or led, in any way, such as by the force of truth, to serve God. Some say if is quite likely that their kings may be led in as captives of the TRUE religion, after such a long time making themselves emboldened against it. They shall be led captive to the obedience of faith (Ps.149:8). Because the pride and arrogance of kings is so great that they refuse to be led, but rather rely on their power to do only what they desire, and are not only driven by their passions, Isaiah show that these kings, even though naturally haughty and ungovernable, shall indeed submit to the authority of God and of the Church. These powerful kings shall come before the Almighty King Messiah, as servants before their masters! Isaiah shows that these kings, though naturally haughty and ungovernable, shall submit to the authority of God and of the Church, as willing captives to the trust; or, if not willingly, be brought by judgments to submit to Israel (vs.12, 14).
Isaiah 60:12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted. (KJV)
For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish . . . any nation or kingdom that will not serve the LORD, that will not become a servant of the TRUE Church of God: that will not promote its interests, will not obey its laws and maintain the one and only TRUE religion, shall perish. ALL nations shall one day recognize Israel as the greatest eternal nation when the Messiah comes Zec.14:1-5; Rev.19:11-21); and any that will not do so shall be punished with destruction (Zec.14:16-21). Isaiah really tries to confirm the hearts of believers, so they do not doubt that the restoration in the last days will be such as he has described. The events are totally incredible, and we in today’s world, unless we are guided by the Spirit of Christ (Rom.8:9), can hardly imagine them in our mind. Isaiah shows that there is no reason why the Jews should doubt the restoration of the Temple, because the Gentiles will help them with the utmost of their power and wealth. The Jewish Temple shall indeed be rebuilt, and that must happen . . . before the Tribulation Period (Dan 12:11; Mat.24:15; 2 Thes.2:4; Rev.11:1). All these Scriptures clearly state that the Jewish Temple must be present in the end times. I wonder what effect it will have on the people of the world, when construction begins on the Israel’s Temple??? We could well be here to find out, for it seems that this date may not be too far off, according to Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . http://worldlychaos.org/w_c_earthquakes_matthew_24.1.htm
The following web sites show that Israel is very serious about rebuilding the Temple:
Shall perish . . . Isaiah goes still farther, and confirms his statement all the more by declaring that the kingdoms and nations which refuse to serve the Church shall be destroyed . . . this is indeed a dreadful punishment pronounced against all who do not aid the Church.
Yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted . . . what Isaiah had said in the singular (nation), he instantly repeats in the plural (nations), revealing that it includes the whole world, IF it be involved with the same guilt . . . they all shall likewise perish, all be utterly wasted; for the multitude of them shall NOT be able to prevent all who are against God from perishing. Ungodly men will have absolutely NO excuse for hurling obstacles in each other’s way, or for encouraging one another to irreverence and wickedness. As we have already seen, kings and nations are said to serve the Church (vs.11), not that she exercises any power over them, but because God has committed to her the scepter of Hs Word by which He rules. There is NO empire in the world that is strong enough to wage successful war with the Almighty God!
*****The LORD Jesus Christ, the Messiah, made it very clear that His judgment upon the nations would be based on how they treated the Jews (Mat.25:31-46). In the Millennium every knee shall bow and every tongue shall confess that Jesus Christ is LORD (Phil.2:10-11). In the Millennium (Rev.20:1-4), all mankind will be forced to bow to Jesus (Ps.2). The force of the Gentiles (vs.11), will be the force of public opinion in the last days. In their hearts there will be those who do NOT want to bow, but they will go through the motions. Dear one, the LORD can see through any insincerity and pretense (hypocrisy)! You are doomed if you try it! When Satan is released at the end of the Millennium (Rev.20:7), all those with rebellious hearts will, as you would expect, join with him, which will be the last rebellion of Satan and man (Rev.19:11-21; 20:7-15). Only then shall the characteristics of the Eternal Kingdom of Christ be introduced. It seems that at that time certain drastic changes shall take place. It will NOT be a patched-up Earth, but a new earth and new heavens will come into being. God is going to make all things new, and He shall let us start over again in this new place! A new earth: (Isa.65:17; 66:22; 2 Pet.3:7, 10-13). The LORD God is also going to give us a new nature!
1 Thes.4:14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. (KJV)
Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. ((KJV) . . . What a glorious, perfect day that will be!
Jerusalem's Realization of All God's Promises (60:15-22)
Isaiah 60:13 The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious. (KJV)
The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together . . . the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together (Isa.41:19), Isaiah again uses the symbols which he formerly used, when he compared the Church of God to a building or a city. He numbers the things which were necessary for building, such as the fir-tree, the pine, and the box-tree, which grew in Lebanon, a forest abounding in excellent trees (2 Ki.19:23; 2 Chron.2:8).
To beautify the place of my sanctuary . . .to beautifythe site of the Temple, as if the trees were planted around it, and as if the magnificent glory of Lebanon (Isa.35:2) was transferred there at once. The idea is, that the most valuable and glorious objects in distant nations would be sanctified to the service of the One and Only TRUE God.
And I will make the place of my feet glorious . . . one renders this, I will glorify the place whereon I rest my feet and supposes that God rested His Feet as a footstool (1 Chron.28:2; Ps.99:5; 132:7; Isa.66:1; Acts 7:49). There seems to be no doubt that the Temple was regarded as the sacred dwelling-place of God . . . and that every place in His Temple, even where He rested His Feet when He sat on the Throne, would be filled with splendor and glory.
*****The Temple at Jerusalem was called the House of God, and the place of His Rest or His Residence. The symbolical visible Appearance or Presence of God, was called by the Jews the Shekinah (Theophany or Glory of God), and was in the most holy place, between the wings of the cherubim, above the ark (Ex.26:34; 1 Ki.8:6).
Isaiah 60:14 The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee, The city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel. (KJV)
The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee . . . the sons of them that afflicted thee, their descendants, humbling themselves as they repent of their sin, and showing their respect and reverence for the LORD. They shall acknowledge their past errors, and/or the errors of their fathers, and instead of being persecutors of the TRUE religion, they shall become converts.
And all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet . . . shall come in great humiliation and respect. And all they that despised thee, there is yet to come, a universal acknowledgment of the only TRUE religion in those nations that have spurned the Gospel of Jesus Christ. This does not mean that all who have ever despised the TRUE religion shall be converted and saved, but that there shall one day be a universal acknowledgement that the church is indeed of God, and that the church is under His care (Isa.45:23). At the soles of thy feet, in a posture of the utmost reverence and submission (Rev.3:9).
And they shall call thee, The city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel . . . they shall call thee, they shall honor thee as the favored of the LORD; as the home of the TRUE God (Isa.2:3); the city of God, Jerusalem had formerly been adorned with that title; but it was nearly wiped out when the city was destroyed, the Temple thrown down, and the people carried into captivity. Jerusalem was no more, and nothing was to be seen there except its frightful desolation. Isaiah seems to mean that it shall be restored in such a way that all, everywhere shall acknowledge it to be the City of God. The Zion of the Holy One of Israel, He next speaks of the Temple, that all may know that this high rank is credited to Jerusalem because of the Temple; because the worship of God which the LORD shall establish there. The Zion, or the royal court where the Holy God that is worshipped in Israel dwells.
Isaiah 60:15 Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations. (KJV)
Whereas thou hast been forsaken . . . it is clear that all the predictions of Isaiah Chapter 60, are future, for none have been literally fulfilled with Israel in the past, and they certainly are not being fulfilled today. Jerusalem seemingly is forsaken by God; and thought to be so by herself, which was the matter of complaint; and by her enemies, which to them was matter of joy; the LORD not appearing for her immediate relief, and for her deliverance out of the hands of her persecutors.
And hated . . . by all wicked and profane sinners and carnal professors (hypocrites), and mainly by anti-Christians.
So that no man went through thee . . . the land was so abandoned that no traveler or caravan, passed through (Lam.1:2-5).
I will make thee an eternal excellency . . . excellency is glory, that shall be, forever honored.
The saints are the excellent ones in the eyes of God and His Christ; they are like jewels and peculiar treasure, having the excellent graces of the Spirit of God in them; and the excellent robe of Christ's righteousness on them (1 Cor.1:30; 2 Cor.5:21; Phil.3:9). Saints are all who are born again into God’s family: (Jn.1:12-13; 3:3-8; Ex.9:5; Job 23:10; Ps.135:4; Lam.4:2: Zec.9:16; Mal.3:17; 1 Pet.2:5).
A joy of many generations . . . the house of joy of generation and generation. The church should be the comfort, joy and peace of succeeding generations. Jerusalem (Zion) shall be the City of God (Ps.46:4), the Tabernacle of God (Rev.21:3) and the Church in the Millennium. See our commentary on Micah. http://www.godcannotlie.org/micah_ch4.htm
***** Although Jerusalem was once despised and hated, as she is today, the LORD will make her beautiful in the last days and then forever. She shall be a joy to all generations. She will no longer be forsaken and hated, no longer a city deserted and desolate. She shall be a place of joy forever and ever.
The happy and glorious state of the TRUE church of Jesus Christ is further predicted, and refers mainly to the spiritual peace that only it can offer. Many churches in today’s world simply cannot offer this awesome blessing, because they are not bringing the Gospel of Jesus Christ to the people. If there is any joy and peace in their lives, it is barely a glimmer of outward peace which cannot compare to the deep, down spiritual peace that only Jesus can give.
Jerusalem had been forsaken and hated, abandoned by her friends, abhorred by her enemies . . . and it continues in that way today. But in the last days, it shall be made an eternal excellency, having recovered God's favor, and it shall be the joy of good people for many generations.
When we consider how short Jerusalem's glory was, we must know it shall have full success of it in the non-stop glory of the Gospel church, which far exceeds those of the Old Testament church. The glorious privileges and advantages of TRUE religion, are indeed the joy of many generations, BUT there is a condition! You must love and obey the LORD!
One thing must be considered, that being the ‘conditional’ Promises made to Israel:
Exodus 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: (KJV) . . . IF!
Deut. 7:8-9 But because the LORD loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn unto your fathers, hath the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. 9 Know therefore that the LORD thy God, he is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations; (KJV) . . . Do YOU love Him and keep His commandments? (Mat.22:36-40)
Deut. 28:1 And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth: (KJV) . . . IF!
Jeremiah 4:1 If thou wilt return, O Israel, saith the LORD, return unto me: and if thou wilt put away thine abominations out of my sight, then shalt thou not remove. (KJV) . . . IF!
Revelation 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me. (KJV) . . . Have YOU opened the door of your heart to Jesus? He cannot come in unless you do! Your heart’s door has only one door knob, and it is on the inside! YOU must open to Jesus or He cannot come in. He will NEVER force Himself on you or anyone!
The above are just a few of many Scriptures about ‘conditional’ Promises.
Isaiah 60:16 Thou shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breast of kings: and thou shalt know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob. (KJV)
And thou shalt suck the milk of the Gentiles . . . this means that whatever is valuable and rich that the Gentiles possess, would contribute to the church’s welfare. The idea is largely the same that occurs in the former parts of the chapter, that the riches of the pagan world would advance the TRUE religion.
And shalt suck the breast of kings . . . (Isa.49:23), by breast, Isaiah simply means service and obedience, which the Gentiles shall render to the TRUE Church for support. The TRUE Church is NOT a greedy body, as to draw the wealth of all to herself, as some so-called churches do today. The things spoken of here relate to her spiritual condition, where God may be truly worshipped, and that the ministry of the Gospel of Jesus Christ may prosper and flourish.
And thou shalt know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer. . . and thou shalt know by the protection which shall be extended to them, and by the awareness which shall be made to them, they shall have full proof that the Almighty LORD is their Protector and Friend. The future conversion of the pagan world shall demonstrate that the LORD is the Friend of His church and His people.
The mighty one of Jacob . . . the LORD specifically claims the title the mighty one of Jacob, because He had often shown that He indeed was so, and not only did Jacob experience in many ways of the power of God, but Jacob’s descendants also had known that in the power of God there was abundant protection. He therefore calls Himself the Mighty One, so that they would know that God will be to them what He formerly was to their fathers.
Isaiah 60:17 For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness. (KJV)
For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron . . . for brass I will bring gold, this seems to mean that in the Millennium there will be an abundance of gold, enough to be used where brass is now used. There will be enough silver to use where iron is generally used, enough brass to use where wood is used, and enough iron to use where stones are now used. For brass I will bring gold . . . this could symbolically refer to the furniture of the Temple; meaning that all things in that happy age to come shall be changed for the better.
I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness . . . the rulers of Israel will be officers of peace, and the tax collectors will be honest and righteous.
Isaiah 60:18 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise. (KJV)
Violence shall no more be heard in thy land . . . this is a beautiful description of the peace and prosperity which shall prevail in the times of the Messiah. When the Gospel, in its purity, prevails on the Earth, there will be NO more violence and war. The PURE Gospel of Jesus Christ has NEVER started one war; has NEVER brought bloodshed; NEVER once encouraged strife and violence. No one who believes the Bible to be a revelation from God, can doubt that the time will come when the furious passions of kings and nations shall be subdued, and when wars shall cease to be known except in the sad and disgraceful records of past events (Isa.2:4).
Wasting nor destruction within thy borders . . . wasting, the waste of life and property; the burning of cities, towns and villages; and the desolation that is left on farms and plantations after the march of a victorious enemy army. Nor destruction, the breaking or treading down caused by the march of a triumphant army, within thy borders, the bounds or limits. Their entire country shall be prosper in peace, for wherever the Gospel shall spread there shall be security and peace.
But thou shalt call thy walls Salvation . . . they shall live safely and securely within their walls, and shalt say that the walls furnish protection or salvation. The time shall come when the church shall have NO reason to worry about danger from abroad, for all shall be peace within (Isa.26:1-2). And thy gates Praise, gates were once the scene of destruction when conquering foes burst through them (Neh.1:3); but in last days, the gates would not only be the scene of praises, but Praise itself. The gates were the place of public space, and were the places of thanksgivings (2 Chron.31:2; Ps.9:14; 24:7; 100:4). Judah, the favored tribe, means praise.
*****While Isaiah speaks concerning the prosperous condition of the Church, he indirectly contrasts the miseries and calamities by which they had been afflicted in various ways. He promises, therefore, that in the last days, they shall never again be subjected to such afflictions.
He connects the safety of the Church with peace or joy, because she rejoices at being safe and secure, whereas before she lay silently in affliction and despair.
Isaiah 60:19 The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory. (KJV)
The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee . . . Isaiah teaches that the prosperity of the Church will NOT be temporary, but permanent. He make a distinction from the ordinary condition of men, among whom there is nothing steadfast or permanent; because there is nothing under the sun, no matter how well regulated, that is not susceptible to different changes. We should not judge of the Church from the dangers of the present day; for we know that it is laid up in God. God will be the Light (Rev.20:23), so that there is no need to for light from the sun or the moon. A like expression meaning the great prosperity and happiness of the church, occurs in Isaiah 30:26. The language of Isaiah here is extremely beautiful, and the idea is plain. It is intended to foretell the great glory which would exist in the church under the Messiah; a glory compared with which all that is furnished by the sun, moon, and stars would be as nothing. Expressions like this, and probably coming from this, are used by John in describing the Heaven. Rev. 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. (KJV) Rev. 22:5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever. (KJV) This indicates that the light and beauty of Truth would be so great; and the divine perfections shine forth so under the Gospel, that the eye would be so attracted to that light as superior to all the natural splendor of the sun and moon. All the wonders and beauties of the natural world would be lost in the superior brightness that would shine in the moral world.
But the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory . . . But the Lord shall be unto thee, He will furnish a revelation that will disclose far more of His perfections and His glory, and that will be far more valuable to them as a light and guide, than all the splendor of the heavenly bodies. And thy God thy glory . . . the honor of the church shall be that it has the One and Only TRUE God for its Protector. Its joys shall be found, not in the objects of nature nor the beauty of created things, but in the glory of the divine perfections and in the laws and plans of the Redeemer. His Name, His attributes, His laws, His protecting care, all establish her main glory. It is an honor to the church to have such an awesome God and Redeemer; an honor to share His kindness, and to be under His ever watchful eye. The glory of the TRUE church is not her wealth, her numbers, her influence, nor the rank and talent of her ministers and members; it is the holy and pure character of her sovereign LORD, and in His magnificent perfections . . . and it is right that she should take great pride and rejoice in Him.
Isaiah 60:20 Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: for the LORD shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended. (KJV)
Thy sun shall no more go down . . . this is a different sun from the former one. This is the church's Sun, and no other than the Sun of Righteousness, Christ Jesus. In today’s world, He at times withdraws Himself, and is gone; and then returns . . . but it will not be so in this state. The saints shall be for ever with Him, and He shall be for ever with them; and they shall always behold His glory, and be enlightened by Him (1 Thes.4:16). There will never be a time when the Sun of Righteousness would not shine, or when the world would be entirely deprived of the illumination of His beams.
Neither shall thy moon withdraw itself . . . this may refer to the moon when it wanes, or is eclipsed. In the last days, the church shall not fail; the blessings and comforts of it from Christ the Sun, will not cease, the enjoyment of them will never be interrupted or withdrawn. The Kingdom of the Messiah shall endure for ever. There will be no obscurity in the church since there would be no sun and moon to be withdrawn (Rev.21:23; 22:5). Light and beauty will not be concealed or hidden for it shall fill the entire heavens, and the darkness of night would be in future unknown.
For the LORD shall be thine everlasting light . . . this is repeated for the confirmation of it.
And the days of thy mourning shall be ended . . . (See Isa.25:8). This describes the great glory and joy in the church. This period will a arrive in the last days; and no TRUE child of God can think of that time without praying most sincerely that it soon come (Rev.22:20), when the Sun of Righteousness, in the fullness of His glory, shall ascend to the summit, and stand there without one obscuring cloud, and pour the splendor of the noontide beams all over a darkened world. This will be an everlasting day of comfort, joy and pleasure; for there shall no more sin to distress the saints; no more temptations of Satan to annoy them; no more afflictions either of body or mind to trouble them; no more pain, or crying, or death (Rev.21:4); and so all mourning shall be ended.
*****The LORD God shall be our all in all in the happiness promised in the last days as He always is to TRUE believers. The sun and the moon shall not be needed in New Jerusalem for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof (Rev.21:23). God's people shall enjoy His kindness, and walk in the light of his countenance (Num.6:26; Ps.4:6; 89:15), making little account of the sun and moon, and the other lights of this world, but could walk very comfortably in the light of the LORD, even though they should withdraw their light. In Heaven there shall be no need for sun or moon to shine, for the glory of God the Father and the Lamb shall lighten it (Rev.21:23). The wise ones that make God their only Light shall have Him always for their all-sufficient light, their sun and their shield. Their God shall be their glory, for God is the glory of all those whose God He is, and He will be so through eternity. It is to their glory that they have Him for their God, and they glory in it.
The happiness here promised shall know no change, for it shall be eternal day and eternal sunshine with them. In today’s world, the sun which is sometimes concealed or hidden, often clouded, and though it shines ever so bright and warm, it does set and leave us in the dark or in the cold at night. But, Christ shall be a Sun, a fountain of Light to us, who is Himself the Father of all Lights (Isa.9:6), with whom there is no variableness, nor shadow of turning (Jam.1:17).
We read of the Miracle of the Sundial in Isaiah 38:4-8, and that was indeed an outstanding day, never again to be repeated. The comforts and joys that are in Heaven, are the wonders provided for the soul, and are as the light of the sun. One day, all TRUE believers shall have a glorified body too, and they shall never know the smallest pause or interruption, for the LORD Himself shall be our everlasting Light . . . a LIGHT which will never waste away nor can ever be extinguished! Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. (KJV) . . . We truly do have this to look forward to IF we are His TRUE children.
Isaiah 60:21 Thy people also shall be all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified. (KJV)
Thy people also are all righteous . . . all righteous (Isa.4:3; 52:1; Rev.21:27). Isaiah shows what the true formation of the Church is . . . meaning, that when she is purged of the ungodly, there shall be none but righteous people to have a place in her. In churches then and now, hypocrites (Mat.23) have always mingled with the TRUE children of God. In the last days, the LORD Jesus shall weed out ALL those who do not belong to Him, and He will not make any mistakes! He knows what is in a person’s heart. Matthew 3:12 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire. (KJV)
They shall inherit the land for ever . . . inherit the land (Isa.49:8; 54:3; 65:9; Ps.37:11, 22; Mat.5:5). It seems that Isaiah had his eye on Judea, and indirectly contrasted the time of restoration with the time of the captivity which was immediately at hand. It’s as if he had said, Although I drive out my people from their inheritance, after seventy years I will restore them, that they may possess it for ever. When Isaiah limits to the righteous that Promise which related to the people of Zion, it is understood that hypocrites, who falsely and inexcusably try to fit themselves in with what is said about the TRUE children of God. Hypocrites: (Ps.55:21; 62:4; 78:36; Pro.26:25; Isa.32:6, Mat.Ch.23).
The branch of my planting, the work of my hands . . . the branch of my planting, the word branch here means a cutting or shoot which God had planted, and which had sprung up under His care. Some think it means generations to come. The idea seems to be, that they would inherit the land and all which would grow up under the care of the Hand of God. Branch of my planting: (Isa.61:3; Ps.92:13; Mat.15:13). The work of my hands . . . the converted Israelites (Isa.29:23; 45:11). The sense is, that the church in the last days would inherit all that God had done for its welfare. Applied to the work of redemption, it means that the result of all the labors, self-denials, and sacrifices of the Redeemer, become the inheritance of the church. The securities, joys, hopes and consolations of His people are the fruit of His self-denial, the work of His Hands, and they are endorsed to enjoy it all. It is as if God would cultivate a fruitful field and give all the benefits entirely to them.
That I may be glorified . . . at the end of all God’s gracious dealings (Isa.42:8; 43:7; 49:3; 61:3), they shall celebrate the marvelous perfections of God, and may show forth His glory, as the apostle Paul beautifully states. Ephesians 1:11-14 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will: 12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. 13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, 14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. (KJV) . . . God would be glorified in having made such an ample provision for their welfare, and in their being made happy by Him. The LORD is always glorified when we enjoy the fruits of His benevolence (compassion, generosity, kindness), and when we are made pure and happy as the result of His purposes and plans.
Isaiah 60:22 A little one shall become a thousand, and a small one a strong nation: I the LORD will hasten it in his time. (KJV)
A little one shall become a thousand . . . there shall be such a great increase in the church, as if one, and that being the smallest, should be multiplied to a thousand. The idea is, that the people, then small in number in the church, would greatly increase by the Gentile world. A little one, the church shall be as a small family, a little handful of people of no esteem in all ages, scattered all through the world, being all gathered together, will appear to be a great multitude which no man can number (Rev.7:9).
And a small one a strong nation . . . a company of weak persons, persecuted by their enemies, and unable to resist them, as the Jews are in their present state: shall in the last days be a nation of them strong and mighty. The word strong indicates many (Joel 1:6), so we may understand the former phrase to mean their number, and this one their strength. Zechariah 12:8-9 In that day shall the LORD defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the LORD before them. 9 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. (KJV)
I the LORD will hasten it in his time . . . just as there was a fixed and immovable appointed time for Christ's First Coming, so too, there is also a fixed and immovable time set for His Second Coming (Zec.14:1-5. Rev.19:11-21). Multitudes scoff at the idea of Christ’s Coming.
See: 2 Peter Chapter 3: http://www.godcannotlie.org/2_peter_ch3.htm
When this dispensation of things begin; and when Christ Comes, it will be not be put off any longer; for the LORD will hurry the carrying out of what He has promised, for He is well able to perform everything that He has promised! We must never doubt, because Christ shall not undertake anything that is too difficult for Him! When the time of the Promise comes, the LORD Jesus will make haste, to accomplish everything quickly. As soon as it begins it shall hasten quickly, just as it did in Peter's sermon, 3000 in one day (Acts.2:1-47), and 5000 another day (Acts 4:1-37), just as the people in Egypt increased from 70 persons to a vast multitude of over 600 thousand men, beside children (Ex.1:5; 12:37-38).
*****Isaiah again confirms what he said before, that although they were few in number, yet the Church of God would be heavily populated. When the Prophet foretold these things, there was still a vast multitude of people; but afterwards it was so greatly diminished that not more than a feeble remnant was left, as we have formerly seen (Isa.1:9). He tells us that the small number shall be so greatly enlarged, that it shall afterwards be a vast body of people, and shall possess great strength. I think what Isaiah said to the Jews also applies to us; that although we are few in number (Mat.7:14), the TRUE Church will NOT perish, but will be enlarged and multiplied until it becomes very numerous; for it is of God’s planting, and therefore we must never judge it from the multitude or strength of men against it.
Isaiah tells us that we must not think that the Almighty LORD to be like mortal men, whose labors and efforts quickly pass away. Although mankind may wish to change the condition of a kingdom or of the world . . . they will be able to accomplish nothing . . . whereas the LORD can change everything in but an instant. Isaiah He does not speak here of an ordinary worldly government, but of a wonderful work by which the LORD shall deliver and multiply His Church in the last days.
As we reflect on the magnificence of the blessed LORD Jesus Christ, our Redeemer and our Saviour, how can we not praise Him as we read the sweet words of Isaiah in this Chapter! It is as though my soul craves for more of His awesome lovingkindness and Presence!
How can we not see that He is our only Source and Fountain of all light, life and knowledge? Horrible darkness had indeed covered and smothered us in sin, until we finally come to our senses, and allow the Sun of Righteousness, to arise on our doomed souls, with healing in His wings (Mal.4:2). And from now through all eternity, all those redeemed by His grace (Eph.2:7-10), receive everything we ever need from Him, for grace and glory. Gentiles shall come to His Light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising (vs.3), for without the Sun of Righteousness, all is darkness and as the shadow of death (Job 10:21; 12:22; Ps.23:4).
Oh! How we should reverence and praise our Holy God and Father, for loving us enough as to send the glorious and unequalled Gift (Rom.6:23; Eph.2:8) of His only begotten Son (Jn.3:16)! And how we should reverence and praise God’s dearly loved Son, for loving us enough to die for us on the cross (Jn.15:13), paying a debt He did NOT owe because we had a debt we could not pay! Have you thanked Him yet today?
INFORMATION ABOUT THE EARTHLY CITY OF JERUSALEM, ZION
Salem (Gen.14:18); Jerusalem (Josh.10:1-2; 2 Sam.5:5; 1 Ki.11:13; Ezra 1:2; Ps.122:6; Eze.5:5; Zec.2:12; Mat.23:37) Jebus (Judg.19:10-11) Zion (152 times) The city of David (1 Ki.8:1) The city of Judah (2 Chron.25:28) The city of the great King (Ps.48:2; Mat.5:35) The city of God (Ps.87:3) The holy city (Neh.11:1; Isa.48:2; Mat.4:5) Ariel (Isa.29:1) The LORD is our righteousness (Jer.33:16) God’s holy mountain (Dan.9:16, 20) Description of it situated on Mount Moriah (2 Chron.3:1) Known as beautiful and joyful (Lam.2:15) Built as compact together (Ps.122:3) Surrounded by mountains (Ps.125:2) Significance of the city of the king-priest, Melchizedek (Gen.14:18) Annual feasts held there (Deut.16:16; Ps.122:3-4; Lk.2:41) King of Jerusalem and his allies defeated by Joshua there (Josh.10:1-27) Allotted to Benjamin (Josh.18:28) conquered by David (2 Sam.5:7) The Ark brought there (2 Sam.6:12-19) Temple built there (1 Ki.6:1-38; 2 Chron.3:1) Prayers of faithful Israelites directed towards (1 Ki.8:38; Dan.6:10) City where God chose to place His Name (1 Ki.14:21) Divinely appointed as capital of David’s kingdom (1 Ki.15:4; 2 Chron.6:6) Babylonian captivity and destruction of (2 Ki.24:8:24 & 25) Place to which Jews returned from exile (Ezra 1:5) Oaths taken in the name of (Mat.5:35) Place of Jesus’ triumphal entry (Mat.21:1-10) Place of the high priest’s residence Mat.26:58) Jesus crucified there (Lk.9:31; 24;18-21) The Gospel first preached there (Lk.24:47; Acts 1:8) The Spirit descended upon the disciples there (Acts 2:1-4) Sephen martyred there (Acts 6 & 7) Early disciples persecuted and scattered from there (Acts 8:1-4; 11:19) First church council held there (Acts 15:1-2) Walls of built (1 Ki.3:1) Restored (Neh.2:11 – 6:15) Dedicated (Neh.12:27) Deliverance of from Sennacherib’s siege (2 Ki.18:13 – 19:37) Deliverance from national enemies in the end time (Zec.12:1-9; 14:3) Sin of (Eze.22:2-12; 23:1-49; Mic.1:5; Mat.23:37-38; Rev.11:8) Judgment of through the Babylonians (Jer.7:32-34; 26:18; 32:29-32) Judgment through the Romans in A.D. 70 (Mat.23:32-36; Lk.19:42-44; 21:20-24) Judgment in the end time (Zec.14:1-2) Spiritual salvation for the inhabitants (Zec.12:10 – 13:9) Response to prayer for Jerusalem (Ps.122:6) Devotion to Jerusalem (Ps.137:1-6)
Jerusalem shall be the millennial city.
The city of righteousness (Isa.1:26) A faithful city (Isa.1:26) The city from which the law goes forth (Isa.2;3; Mic.4:2) The city from which Messiah rules on the Davidic throne (Isa.9:6-7) The city of the LORD (Isa.60:140 The city called the Throne of the LORD (Jer.3:17) The city called the LORD is there (Eze.48:35) Called the City of Truth (Zec.8:3) The capital city of the Earth (Zec.14:4-21) The city besieged and divinely delivered at the end of the Millennium (Rev.20:7-10)
The heavenly city of Jerusalem contrasted with the earthly Jerusalem (Gal.4:25-26)
Called the city of the living God (Heb.12:22) Described as the holy city, New Jerusalem (Rev.21:2, 10-27).
Book of Isaiah . . Isaiah's Mini-Bible
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JUDGMENT ON THE NATIONS . . . . . Isaiah Ch.13 . . Isaiah Ch.14 . . Isaiah Ch.15 . . Isaiah Ch.16 . . Isaiah Ch.17 . . Isaiah Ch.18 . . Isaiah Ch.19 . . Isaiah Ch.20 . . Isaiah Ch.21 . . Isaiah Ch.22 . . Isaiah Ch.23 . . Home Page
ISAIAH’S APOCALYPSE . . . . . Isaiah Ch.24 . . Isaiah Ch.25 . . Isaiah Ch.26 . . Isaiah Ch.27 . . Home Page
ISAIAH'S SIX WOES . . . Isaiah Ch.28 . . Isaiah Ch.29 . . Isaiah Ch.30 . . Isaiah Ch.31 . . Isaiah Ch.32 . . Isaiah Ch.33 . . Isaiah Ch.34 . . Isaiah Ch.35 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Historic Part . . Isaiah Ch.36 . . Isaiah Ch.37 . . Isaiah Ch.38 . . Isaiah Ch.39 . . Home Page
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Isaiah's Introduction to the Suffering Servant
Isaiah's Suffering Servant Prophecy. . . Isaiah 52:13-53:12
Isaiah's Redemption Through the Suffering Servant . . . Isaiah Ch.49 . . Isaiah Ch.50 . . Isaiah Ch.51 . . Isaiah Ch.52 . . Isaiah Ch.53 . . Isaiah Ch.54 . . Isaiah Ch.55 . . Isaiah Ch.56 . . Isaiah Ch.57 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Vision of the Dispersion . . . Isaiah Ch.58 . . Isaiah Ch59 . . Isaiah Ch.60 . . Isaiah Ch.61 . . Isaiah Ch.62 . . Isaiah Ch.63 . . Isaiah Ch.64 . . Isaiah Ch.65 . . Isaiah Ch.66 . . Home Page