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Commentary On The Book of John
The Gospel of John Chapter 7
I will do the Gospel of John Commentary similar to my other Commentaries . . . in that I will bring the verse or verses in the KJV, followed by what it is saying to me. What I write will be a personal comment, it is NOT Scripture.
Gospel of John
THEME: Jesus teaches at Feast of Tabernacles in temple. This chapter contains the wonderful Truths that Jesus IS the Water of Life and that He promises to give the Holy Spirit to those who believe on Him.
Jesus Teaches At Feast Of Tabernacles In Temple (John 7:1-53)
John 7:1 After these things Jesus walked in Galilee: for he would not walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill him. (KJV)
After these things Jesus walked in Galilee . . . after these things, meaning all that is recorded after John 5:18.
"Walked in Galilee" . . . continuing His ministry there, instead of going to Judea.
For he would not walk in Jewry . . . in the land of Judea, where He had been, and made disciples; but was rejected and treated badly, He left them; which was the start of the Gospel being taken from them, and taken to another people; which did take place, in the times of the apostles. His reason for it was . . .
Because the Jews sought to kill him . . . referring back to John 5:18. It appears that our Lord did not attend the Passover mentioned in John 6:4 . . . being the third since His ministry began, IF the feast mentioned in John 5:1 was a Passover; for healing a man on the Sabbath day, and for declaring His being equal with God. Jesus was NOT afraid to die, but His time was not yet come; and He had work to do for the glory of God, and the good of men. Therefore it was both right and practical to withdraw and save Himself. It was for similar reasons that He advised His disciples, when persecuted in one city, to flee to another (Mat.10:23). It always makes sense and is advisable for good men, when their lives are in danger, to make use of proper means to preserve them, so they can be of further usefulness to the Lord.
John 7:2 Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand. (KJV)
Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand . . . this began on the fifteenth day of the month Tisri, which answers to part of our September; when the Jews erected tents or booths, where they stayed and ate their meals during this festival. It was done, in memorial of the Israelites dwelling in booths in the wilderness (Lev.23:43); and was also typical of Christ's tabernacling in human nature; and a symbol of the saints dwelling in the earthly houses and tabernacles of their bodies, in pilgrimage state. Some give other reasons for this feast, as that it was appointed in honor of the divine command, for building the tabernacle; and others, that it was instituted in memory of the protection of the people of Israel under the cloud, as they travelled through the wilderness.
John 7:3 His brethren therefore said unto him, Depart hence, and go into Judaea, that thy disciples also may see the works that thou doest. (KJV)
His brethren therefore said unto him . . . meaning the brethren of Jesus (Mat.13:55). His brethren, to my knowledge, were not believers in Christ. I must bring this up here! There are millions of Catholics in the world. They stubbornly refuse to admit that Mary had other children. They are WRONG!!! Both my husband and I were Catholics. We both left because Catholicism is a False religion!
Depart hence . . . language of carnal men, who do not want the company of Christ, or the knowledge of His ways; and like the Gergesenes, who preferred their swine to Christ (Mat.8:28-34), and desperately wanted for Him to depart out of their coasts.
And go into Judea . . . his brothers wanted Him to go to "go into Judaea" where His most hardened enemies were, who wanted to kill Him. There is no doubt that they knew this. It was quite a different situation from that of His true and loyal disciples (Jn.11:7-8). See the reasons His brothers give!
That thy disciples also may see the works that thou doest . . . they did not mean the twelve who were with Him, but the disciples He had made, and baptized in Judea (Jn.4:1-2).
John 7:4 For there is no man that doeth any thing in secret, and he himself seeketh to be known openly. If thou do these things, shew thyself to the world. (KJV)
For there is no man that doeth anything in secret . . . what they were saying was that no one who wants to become a famous public figure so bad, acts in secret.
And he himself seeketh to be known openly . . . they are suggesting that Christ was ambitious and wanted praise and applause, and the honor and glory from men, when it was just the opposite (Jn.5:41; 8:50).
If thou do these things . . . they said He should go to Judea, so that your disciples may see the miracles You do.
Shew thyself to the world . . . show Yourself to the world!
There was absolutely NO sincerity in anything they said! It was scorn and ridicule! To the other sufferings of our precious Lord was to be added what is SO common to TRUE Christians, contempt and disrespect from His family and friends on account of His humility. My friend, if our Saviour was mocked and ridiculed, we also may expect the same from our relatives; and having this, His example, we should Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven(Mat.5:12). Be content with this in mind . . . I am! My family think I am a crazy fanatic!
John 7:5 For neither did his brethren believe in him. (KJV)
For neither did his brethren believe in him . . . faith does NOT come from blood, or by our will or power, but by the free favor of God. Even the carnal brethren of Christ, were not yet believers in Him. It is only those who are so in a spiritual sense, that are regarded by Him. Matthew 12:48-50 But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? 49 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren! 50 For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother. (KJV) . . . What wonderful words!
John 7:6 Then Jesus said unto them, My time is not yet come: but your time is alway ready. (KJV)
Then Jesus said unto them . . . said to His brothers who wanted Him to go up to the feast.
My time is not yet come . . . Jesus does not take their advice. He always worked according to His Father's schedule. He never did follow the wisdom of the world (1 Cor.3:19), nor did He ever do anything on His own. He always did His Father's will in all things. Jesus did not say that He would not go down to the feast, but He would not go with them publicly to win public favor by doing something spectacular. He would go, but it would be at His Father's appointed time and in His Father's way. What a wonderful Lord we have, and should imitate!
But your time is always ready . . . they could go there at any time; their lives were not in danger like His was.
John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil. (KJV)
The world cannot hate you . . . His brothers were of the world (1 Jn.2:15-17), belonging to it. So, instead of being hated, were loved by it; and they walked according to the course of it. Wicked people not only take pleasure in sin, but in them that do it.
But me it hateth . . . "the world" is those who refuse to believe God and reject God's Son. Ps.109:5 And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love. (KJV) . . . I think this verse had to go here! The "world" rewarded Christ "evil for good" and "hatred for His love." It was true when John wrote his Gospel, and it is true today! The world hates Jesus without a cause, without any reason whatsoever!
Hated me without a cause: (Ps.35:19; 69:4; 109:3-5; Jn.15:25; 1 Pet.2:22).
Because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil . . . WHY does the world hate Jesus? He clearly states the reason here!
The world is extremely hostile to Christ. WHY? Because our Lord Jesus is the Light of the World (Jn.8:12; 9:5). His Light is always burning, revealing everything that is wrong! That Light reveals all sin. That Light condemns all sin. That is WHY Jesus was hated then and IS hated today. Jesus condemns sin by His Presence, by His life. This brings on a hostility in mankind because the heart of man is filthy and wicked (Isa.64:6). Christ went to the Cross because He loved the human family . . . ALL people, red, yellow, black and white . . . He loves you!
Saul of Tarsus was "of the world" and breathing out threatenings (Acts 9:1). He hated the Lord Jesus and anyone who followed Him. BUT when he came to know the Lord Jesus as his Saviour, the redeeming love of Christ stepped in, he could then say, "He loved me, and gave himself for me" (Gal.2:20). Saul changed! He then became Paul, a member of the family of God! He hated Jesus NO more!
John 7:8 Go ye up unto this feast: I go not up yet unto this feast; for my time is not yet full come. (KJV)
Go ye up unto this feast. . . Jesus did not want them to stay because of Him, or hinder their plans on His account. He encourages them to go, and take part in this festival; for the ceremonial law was not yet abolished, even though they were carnal men, and did not understand what it illustrated, looking forward to Christ, and eternal life and salvation by Him.
I go not up yet unto this feast . . . some versions read: "I do not go up now to this feast" . . . not at that very time, that very day or hour, which is totally consistent with what is afterwards said.
For my time is not yet full come . . . not His time to die, not His time to be glorified, not His time to go up to the feast. For Jesus, the right time had not yet come.
John 7:9 When he had said these words unto them, he abode still in Galilee. (KJV)
When he had said these words unto them . . . He urged them to go up to the feast, and told them that he would not go just yet.
He abode still in Galilee . . . He stayed in Galilee. He did not go with His brethren.
John 7:10 But when his brethren were gone up, then went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret. (KJV)
But when his brethren were gone up . . . when His brothers left to go to the feast.
Then went he also up unto the feast . . . one version reads: "He went up that day" . . . which is very likely, and does not contradict what is said in verse 14. On whatever day He went, He did go up to the feast.
Not openly, but as it were in secret . . . since He was made under the law (Gal.4:4), and came to fulfill all righteousness (Mat.3:15), it was necessary that He should observe every precept, and fulfill the whole law: therefore He went up to this feast, but in a most private way, that He might escape those who were lying in wait for Him, and wanted to kill Him. He did this, NOT out of fear, for our Lord Jesus feared NOTHING! He did it because His hour was not yet come. This was not the feast where He was to suffer.
John 7:11 Then the Jews sought him at the feast, and said, Where is he? (KJV)
Then the Jews sought him at the feast . . . some of the Jew wanted to hear His doctrines and see His miracles, but others wanted to kill Him for the 'offensive' doctrines He had already spoken. They all expected Him at the feast, knowing it was always His custom, also His duty, as an Israelite, to attend.
And said, where is he? . . . they did not call Him by Name, maybe because of contempt, maybe fear of the Jews; or maybe because He was so well known.
John 7:12 And there was much murmuring among the people concerning him: for some said, He is a good man: others said, Nay; but he deceiveth the people. (KJV)
And there was much murmuring among the people concerning him . . . through the crowds was widespread rumors about Him, and private disagreements and conflicts among the people about Him.
For some said he is a good man; . . . some said that He was a good man, a man who is good, kind and doing good both to the bodies and souls of men; preaching good doctrine, and doing many good things.
But he deceiveth the people . . . others disagreed, saying that He deceives people, denying that He was a good man. Saying that He was drawing people away from the law of Moses, teaching them to break the Sabbath, setting Himself up as the Messiah, and declaring Himself to be the Son of God.
John 7:13 Howbeit no man spake openly of him for fear of the Jews. (KJV)
Howbeit, no man spoke openly of him . . . no one spoke loud enough as to be overheard, but in a secret and complaining way. No one spoke with courage and boldness as to what they really thought of Him.
For fear the Jews . . . they feared being mobbed by the Jews, or even being prosecuted, or turned out of the synagogue . . . for a law was made, that whoever confessed Jesus, should be cast out of the synagogue (Jn.9:22,34; 12:42; 16:2).
John 7:14 Now about the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught. (KJV)
Now about the midst of the feast . . . about the fourth day, for it lasted eight days. This might be on the Sabbath day, which sometimes was "in the middle of the feast".
Jesus went up into the temple . . . as was His usual way. He had, for some reason kept to Himself until now, but now He appeared in public.
And taught . . . the people His doctrine. He explained the Scriptures, gave the TRUE meaning of them, and instructed the people from them. Have you noticed how often we see Jesus teaching? His priorities were right! He gave first place to the Word of God.
John 7:15 And the Jews marvelled, saying, How knoweth this man letters, having never learned? (KJV)
And the Jews marvelled . . . the Jews were in awe! Both at the matter, and manner of His doctrine. It was such, as never man spake (Jn.7:46). His Words were courteous, with great truth and facts in them, and delivered with such power and authority . . . they were astonished. These Jews were the religious leaders . . . and they were astounded because He had NO formal training in the rabbinical schools. They marveled that He could speak as He did. Even His enemies were forced to admit, "Never man spake like this man."
Saying, how knoweth this man letters? . . . the Jewish letters consisted in the knowledge of their Scriptures and traditions. Jesus displayed in His sermons a profound relationship with the Old Testament that it amazed them.
Having never learned . . . the Jews taught their law and tradition in distinguished schools. Since Jesus had not been instructed in those schools, they were amazed at His learning. I will add here that some of the most vibrant and powerful sermons I have ever heard, were preached by men who had absolutely NO formal "world" training! I firmly believe that if God chooses a person for a job, He shall equip that person, to the fullest, to do that job.
John 7:16 Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me. (KJV)
Jesus answered them and said . . . He heard them express their surprise, and state their objection.
My doctrine is not mine . . . it really was His, since He was God! And since He was the Author of it, it was from Him, it was the disclosure of Him; and it was of Him. He was the Subject of it, and Mediator, it respected Him as God-Man, His offices, as prophet, priest, and King, and His grace, righteousness and salvation! The doctrine was His, and preached by Him as Man. It came by Him, and was so spoken by Him, as it never was before . . . or since! His doctrine was NOT human, it was of God! It was not obtained by Him from man, He did not learn it from man; He needed NO human teachers! He increased in wisdom (Lk.2:52) without them. These religious teachers were absolutely right when they said that He had never learned in any of their schools! The spirit of wisdom and knowledge rested on Him (Isa.11:2-5), and the treasures of them were hid in Him (Col.2:3).
But his that sent me . . . since He and the Father are One . . . the doctrine was also from the Father Who sent Him.
It was of God, and was communicated to Him by His Father; from Whom He received it, and from Whom He had an order to preach it. So, His doctrine was that wisdom which comes from above, is pure and peaceable and should be received by men. To reject the message of Jesus is to reject the message of God! In chapters 4 and 5, Jesus boldly declared that to reject Him is to reject God the Father! This is quite clear my friend! Jesus makes Himself equal with God. You may refuse to believe that He is, but you CANNOT say that the Bible does not clearly say that Jesus is equal with God.
John 7:17 If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself. (KJV)
If any man will do his will . . . one translation is: "If anyone is willing to do His will." The Old Testament has a word of wisdom! Psalm 34:8 O taste and see that the LORD is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him. (KJV) . . . There is a saying: "The proof of the pudding is in the eating of it." Jesus invites you to come and taste!
There is not anyone, any where that does the will of God. "If any man will do his will" . . . I think this means . . . are we willing to do right by Him? Do we really want to do His will? A person who believes in the Lord Jesus Christ, depends on the Holy Spirit and grace of God, and acts from a heart-felt love for God, and faith in Christ.
He shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself . . . NO person anywhere can understand the doctrine of Jesus Christ without the assistance of the Holy Spirit, Who then puts it into practice. Only then can a person know the worth of the doctrine in his heart, and the influence it has on his life and speech . . . for it comes NOT in word only, but in power (1 Cor.4:20; 1 Thes.1:5). A word of caution: There must be an attitude of love and reverence for the Word of God. "If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself." That is the wonder of the Word of God. My dear friend, if you are willing, God will make it real to you. The Holy Spirit will confirm it to you.
John 7:18 He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him. (KJV)
He that speaketh of himself . . . Oh! the multitude out there that speak what he himself has invented! Simply schemes of their own; for which they have absolutely NO divine merit or commission.
Seeketh his own glory . . . the word glory means honor or reputation. This is NOT the way of the Kingdom of Heaven (Mat.6:2,16). Honor and approval from men was what the Scribes and Pharisees wanted. They taught for doctrines the commandments of men (Mat.15:9), the traditions of the elders (Mk.7:3,5), and their own interpretation of the law. It is the same with false teachers today, who have nothing else in mind but themselves and their vain glory.
But he that seeketh his glory that sent him . . . Jesus did NOT come to seek honor and glory on His behalf, but the Father Who sent Him. God the Father gave Jesus an order, a commission, of what He should say and do. This Christ did, and too, His apostles after Him. Millions are not proper judges of His doctrine, yet they squabble over it.
The same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him . . . Christ Jesus was an upright and faithful Servant, and what He says is TRUTH! There is NO fraud, NOdeception in Him, NO insincerity "in His heart", and NO dishonesty in His conduct. He NEVER deceived or cheated anyone! His doctrine is absolute Truth and can be depended on and should be received, if a person is wise.
But this question arises: Do people really WANT to hear God? The answer for the vast majority is "NO." But, for those who do, God speaks to them in His Word. So sad, men are often more interested in a man who is seeking his own glory. WHY? Because these false ones are bringing words the people want to hear. SO many false and corrupt doctrines are spoken that are such a terrible danger to people's souls! . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_false_doctrines.1.htm
1 Cor. 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. (KJV) . . . Only the Holy Spirit can make known to you the Truth of the Bible, but you must first believe God and accept His Son. Then you will have the Blessed Spirit to teach you. Without Jesus and the Holy Spirit, you can read the read the Bible until you are blue in the face, and get nothing out of it.
John 7:19 Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me? (KJV)
Did not Moses give you the law. . . Jesus had justified Himself and His doctrine, now He proceeds to rebuke the Jews for their breaking the law, which contained, and WAS the will of God! The question He asks them, could NOT be denied by them. God was the lawgiver, and although the law was delivered by Moses, and is credited to him, it was put into his hands by God, to be delivered by him particularly to the people of Israel. It is said to have been given that they understand what God expected of them.
And yet none of you keepeth the law . . . although they boasted of it as their particular privilege, and rested in it, yet they broke the law daily in different ways: thought, word or deed; and worse, those that sat in Moses's chair, and taught it, did NOT pay attention nor do what they taught. Even their most holy and righteous men could not or would not perfectly keep it. And the law of the Sabbath was transgressed by both the priests and people; in one way or another, every Sabbath day. NO one can keep the law perfectly . . . that is why we need Jesus! He is the ONLY One Who ever did keep it! (Mat.5:15,17; Rom.10:4; Gal.3:17-24; 4:4-5). 1 Peter 2:22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: (KJV)
Why go ye about to kill me? . . . there was NEVER a more harmless and innocent man than Jesus! Moses gave them, "Thou shalt not kill" (Ex.20:13). And although this may refer to the law of the Sabbath (Ex.20:10), and the sense that since Moses had given them the law of the Sabbath, and they did not keep it themselves, why would they seek to take away His life, for what they thought was a violation of it? Our Lord seems to refer to what they wanted to do, for over a year and a half, and still continued to seek to kill Him, because He had healed a man on the Sabbath day (Jn.5:16-18).
There is great hypocrisy in the legalist, those who say the Sermon on the Mount is their religion, or those who say they live by the Ten Commandments. It is IMPOSSIBLE! It CANNOT be done! The Lord Jesus says, "none of you keep the law." The Law is like a mirror to us . . . it lets us SEE just how vile, evil and lost, we sinners are. The Law IS very important because it rightly expresses the will of God. But the purpose of the Law is to show us that we ALL are sinners and that we ALL need a Saviour. The Law is a schoolmaster to bring us to Christ! Gal. 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. 26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. (KJV) . . . The Law: (2:19; 4:2-3; Mat.5:17-18; Acts 13:38-39; Rom.3:20-22; 7:7-9,24-25; 10:4; Col.2:17; Heb.7:18-19; 9:8-16; 10:1-14).
John 7:20 The people answered and said, Thou hast a devil: who goeth about to kill thee? (KJV)
The people answered and said . . . these seem to be people who came from Galilee and other parts, who knew nothing of the plans of the Jerusalem Jews on wanting to kill Him. These were really not His outright enemies, but instead, seemed to favor Him, and were on His side, although they were greatly annoyed to hear Him talk like He did.
Thou hast a devil . . . the Jews had a way of thinking, that whoever was fanatical, and talked unclearly, was influenced with an evil spirit. They said that He talked like a madman, whom the devil had so much power over, and was deprived of His senses. They said "You don't know what You are saying."
Who goeth about to kill thee? . . . they could not believe that any man, or group of men, would be so wicked, as to want to take away the life of so harmless a person, and who did so much good both to the bodies and souls of men.
This is why they said: Thou hast a devil, meaning You are crazy! Who is it that wants to kill you?
John 7:21 Jesus answered and said unto them, I have done one work, and ye all marvel. (KJV)
Jesus answered and said unto them . . . taking no notice of their reproach, and blasphemy; He proceeds on the thing He had in mind . . . He was determined to prove Himself right himself in;
I have done one work . . . meaning, His curing on the Sabbath, the man who had had a disorder 38 years, who lay at Bethesda's pool. With this one action, they charged Him with being a breach of the Sabbath day.
And ye all marvel . . . consider it unheard of, and an intolerable evil; that any man should have the audacity, to bid another take up his bed and walk, on the Sabbath day. They really did NOT "marvel" at the miracle that was done, but were offended, since it was done on the Sabbath day.
The Sabbath day which was to be set before them as a standard of all ceremonies, was NOT appointed to hinder, but to further the will of Gods works, amongst which the main one is the love of our neighbor. Mat.22:36-40 Master, which is the great commandment in the law? 37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. (KJV) . . . These are the only commandments of God's TRUE children! On these two commandments hang ALL the law and the prophets . . . These two commandments cover the entire Old Testament! Jesus says so!
- #1. IF you love God with all your heart, soul and mind, you will NEVER dishonor Him in any way, shape or form, NEVER blaspheme Him at any time!
- #2. IF you love your neighbor as yourself, you will NEVER do him or her any hurt, NEVER put down, curse, persecute or backbite him or her at any time. You will treat people the way that you want to be treated!
- #3. Those two commandments DO cover all of God's will for us . . . IF we are wise enough to obey!
John 7:22 Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and ye on the sabbath day circumcise a man. (KJV)
Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision. . . the command (law) of circumcision was renewed and established by Moses (Lev.12:3).
(Not because, or that it is of Moses . . . Moses gave the law about circumcision . . . but, that law did NOT come from Moses. The law was given to their father Abraham (Gen.17:9-14), long before Moses's time. In obedience to that law, they were to circumcise a male child, or a proselyte (a grown man).
But of the fathers) . . . Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob practiced it before the times of Moses; so that this command was in force before Moses, and required of all the descendants of Abraham, before Moses delivered the law.
And ye on the sabbath day, circumcise a man . . . a male child was to be circumcised on the eighth day, even when it fell on a Sabbath day . . . because the law of circumcision was before the law of the Sabbath, and therefore was not to be canceled by it.
Circumcision is a rite which goes back to Abraham and is older than the Mosaic Law. Jesus is showing them their own contradiction in their practice. In trying to keep the Law, they broke the Law. If a child was eight days old on the Sabbath day, they would break the Sabbath Law and circumcise the child. They have no reply to this! Then Jesus warns them against making outward judgments. That is still a big problem with most of us today. We make on the surface judgments because we do not have all the facts.
John 7:23 If a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are ye angry at me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the sabbath day? (KJV)
If a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision. . . and it was certain in many cases this was true.
That the law of Moses might not be broken . . . the heart of this whole argument seemed to be: If a ritual law (such as observation of the Sabbath, given in Mount Sinai, (Ex.20:1-17), should give way to another ritual law which is much older, such as that of circumcision, given to Abraham long before . . . or should it give way to a law of nature written in every man's heart, that is our duty to help those that are in great misery and affliction. This is what our Lord paid attention to when he cured the impotent man that lay at the pool of Bethesda (Jn.5:1-10)
Are ye angry at me . . . and pursue me with great wrath and bitterness,
Because I have made a man every whit whole on the sabbath day? . . . Jesus wanted to know if they obeyed the law in their daily practice . . . that a baby may be circumcised, and should be circumcised, on the eighth day, even though the 8th day came on the Sabbath day . . . and not be in violation of the law of Moses about circumcision, which was a law given you by Moses, even though, long before him, the law was given also to Abraham? Jesus asks: "What reason have you to be angry with me, who the Sabbath Day has healed a man, and made him whole?"
Circumcision is a rite which goes back to Abraham and is older than the Mosaic Law. Jesus is showing them their own inconsistency in their practice. In trying to keep the Law, they broke the Law. If a child was eight days old on the Sabbath Day, they would break the Sabbath Law and circumcise the child. They have no reply to this! "What reason have you to be angry with me, who on the Sabbath day have healed a man, and made him whole?"
John 7:24 Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment. (KJV)
Judge not according to the appearance . . . Jesus warns them against making outward judgments. That is still a huge problem with most of us today. We make surface judgments (only what we can see), because we do not have all the facts. We do not know a person's heart, cannot know their reasons! The people were judging out of respect of persons (Deut.16:19; Rom.2:11; Eph.6:9; Col.3:25; Jam.2:1,9; 1 Pet,1:17), to the Scribes and Pharisees; who had condemned the action of Christ, in curing the impotent man on the Sabbath day, and wanted to kill Him for it.
But judge righteous judgment . . . Jesus tells them NOT to judge people wrongly. They were not to condemn Him for what He had done, simply out of hatred, prejudice and malice against Him. They were NOT to judge according to the outward show of the fact. It looked to them as a violation of the Sabbath; but it was NOT so. It was the performing of a duty far greater than that of sanctifying the Sabbath. "Righteous judgment" is apparently deciding right from wrong according to the God's will and divine righteousness. The Jews had many rules, many that did not reveal the standard of God's love.
We today, must judge according to truth and evidence. We must judge according to truth because people are liars from birth (Ps.51:5; 58:3; Isa.48:8) and turn us away from the truth. So many follow the devil, who is the "father of lies" (Jn.8:44). We are to judge the 'tree' (person) by the fruit it produces (Mat.7:18-20; Lk.6:43-44; Gal.5:14-23; Eph.5:9). We are allowed to be "fruit inspectors."
John 7:25 Then said some of them of Jerusalem, Is not this he, whom they seek to kill? (KJV)
Then said some of them of Jerusalem . . . these were inhabitants of Jerusalem, and so are set apart from the people (verse 20) who came up out of the country to the feast. These men living in the city, knew more about the irritability and nature, and the plans and efforts of the chief priests, Scribes and elders, to take away the life of Christ. That is why they ask . . .
Is not this he whom they seek to kill? . . . they knew that they had formed a plan to kill Him, ever since the Passover before the last one, when He performed the miracle referred to, and that they had been ever since plotting against His life, and were now at this feast looking for an opportunity to grab hold of Him and kill Him.
Do not be surprised when the attempt of the enemies of God have no success, but yet they still do not acknowledge the strength and power of God.
John 7:26 But, lo, he speaketh boldly, and they say nothing unto him. Do the rulers know indeed that this is the very Christ? (KJV)
But lo, he speaketh boldly . . . here this man is, that they want to kill, speaking boldly in public, and yet they do not say a word to Him. Can it be that they really know that He is the Messiah? Jesus taught with great freedom, openly and publicly in the temple, as if He had a license from the chief priests allowing Him to do so.
And they say nothing to him . . . the leaders did not contradict Him, did not forbid Him to speak.
Do the rulers know indeed that this is the very Christ? . . . the people wanted to know if the rulers had changed their minds about Him, as their conduct towards Him did? Did they really think that He was really the Messiah that has been promised of old, and long expected? The multitude which heard our Lord at that time consisted of three different groups of people:
- #1. The rulers, priests, Pharisees and scribes that were the enemies of Christ.
- #2. The inhabitants of Jerusalem, who knew the sentiments of their rulers concerning Him.
- #3. The strangers, who from different quarters had come up to Jerusalem to the feast, and who heard Christ attentively, being ignorant of the designs of the rulers, etc., against him.
Our Lord Jesus addresses Himself in this discourse mainly to His enemies. The out of town Jews (verse 20), were those who were astonished when Christ said that the Jews sought to kill Him, for they had no such plans themselves, and did not know that others did. The Jews of Jerusalem were those who, knowing the disposition of the rulers, and seeing Christ speak openly, with no man attempting to seize Him, asked themselves: " Do the rulers know indeed that this is the very Christ?" It seems some had been convinced that Jesus was the Messiah.
Chapter 7 shows us the many different reactions people had toward Jesus: #1. They called Him "a good man" (7:12), #2. "a fraud" (7:12), that He had a devil (7:20), #3. that He was the Messiah (7:26), #4. and that He was "that Prophet" whose coming had been predicted by Moses (7:40).
What about us??? We must make up our own minds about Who Jesus is, and we must know that whatever we decide will have eternal consequences. Mat.16:16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. (KJV) . . . Peter KNEW Who he was!
John 11:27 She saith unto him, Yea, Lord: I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world. (KJV) . . . Martha KNEW Who He was! Do you know WHO He is?
John 7:27 Howbeit we know this man whence he is: but when Christ cometh, no man knoweth whence he is. (KJV)
Howbeit, we know this man whence he is . . . there was a popular belief that the Messiah would just simply appear. But, I see a problem with this. The Jews had the Scriptures, and those who believed this tradition simply ignored the prophecy that clearly predicted the Messiah's birthplace. Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting. (KJV)
Some say that the Rabbis taught from Isaiah 53:8 that when the Messiah would be born He would hide Himself and that when He appeared no man would know from where He had come. The Jews had a proverb: "Three things come unexpectedly: a thing found by chance, the sting of a scorpion, and the Messiah."
But when Christ cometh, no man knoweth whence he is . . . they KNEW the place from where He was to come! Mat. 2:4-5 And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born. And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet, (KJV) . . . So did these Jews (Jn.7:42).
They knew He would come from Bethlehem, and they knew that He would come out of the seed of David. But then He was to be born of a virgin (Isa.7:14) . . . and such a coming into the world as this was completely unknown. So, according to the opinion of these men, Jesus HAD to have come into the world in the common and ordinary way, therefore they thought they had an unshakable argument against His being the Messiah.
The people would let their rulers do what they wanted to do, but as for them, they were unwavering in their decision to reject Him.
John 7:28 Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught, saying, Ye both know me, and ye know whence I am: and I am not come of myself, but he that sent me is true, whom ye know not. (KJV)
Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught . . . Jesus had overheard the reasoning of these men, and knowing what they said; lifted up His voice as He was teaching in the temple, publicly before all the people in the temple, spoke out with a loud voice, that all might hear.
Saying, ye both know me, and ye know whence I am . . . you have sufficient evidence of my divine mission, and that I am the Messiah. You know me to be Jesus of Nazareth, but you are wrong, I am not of Nazareth, but from Galilee. You take me to be the real son of Joseph, to be begotten by him on Mary, but that is NOT true . . . such is your knowledge of Me: you know indeed who I am, and from whence I come.
John 5:43 I am come in my Father's name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive. (KJV)
John 1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. (KJV)
John 8:55 Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying. (KJV)
Romans 3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged. (KJV)
And I am not come of myself . . . He came in human nature, to work out the salvation of men; because the Father called Him to it, and He agreed to do it, and was in the fullness of time sent (Gal.4:4). . . not in a plan of His own, or an honor He took upon Himself. He was not alone in it; it was a mutual agreement between He and His Father, as the result of which He was sent and He came.
But he that sent me is true . . . the covenant the Father made with Christ, and to the Promises He made to the fathers of the Old Testament, concerned the mission of His Son. Is true, is worthy to be believed. He has given evidence that I came from Him, and He is worthy to be believed . . . in the testimonies He gave of His Son, especially by a voice from Heaven, declaring Him to be His beloved Son (Mat.3:17; 17:5; Lk.3:22).
Whom ye know not . . . in spite of all their boasts of knowledge of Him, they did NOT know His Father, from whence He came, and by Whom He was sent ,. . . and in spite of all their boasted knowledge of the one, only, true, and living God (Rom.2:17-29) . . . yet they did NOT know Him not in a spiritual sense. They did NOT really know Him. They knew neither the Father nor the Son: and their ignorance, they hated Christ, and of His followers (Jn.15:21; 16:3).
The TRUTH about Christ does NOT depend upon the ideas or judgment of ANY man. That TRUTH comes to a person by the Holy Spirit which is given when person believes God (1 Jn.5:10-13), and accepts His Son to save them (Jn.3:15-18,36; 5:24; 8:24). Father/Son Covenants: http://www.hisservants.org/father_son_covenants_h_s.htm
John 7:29 But I know him: for I am from him, and he hath sent me. (KJV)
But I know him. . . the Son knows His Father's nature, perfections, purposes and Promises. He knows His reassuring pledge and covenant, His mind and His will . . . and in fact NO one knows the Father in detail like this, except Jesus, the Son. God's children (Jn.1:12-13; 3:3-8), can know Him, but NOT in the divine way that the Son knows Him. That it why we should always have an intimate and on-going relationship with Him with prayer, quiet time and Bible study.
For I am from him . . . only the begotten of Him, that lay in His Bosom (Jn.1:18), knew Him totally, knew His whole heart, and was privileged to all of Him, and all that that is within Him, because He was from Him!
And he hath sent me . . . Jesus came in the office of 'Saviour' to redeem His people. This is the reason for the descent of Christ from Heaven, which the Jews did not know, even though they pretended to know Him, and from whence He was.
John 7:30 Then they sought to take him: but no man laid hands on him, because his hour was not yet come. (KJV)
Then they sought to take him . . . they wanted to take Him by force, and carry Him to the Sanhedrin, to be tried and condemned as a blasphemer, for they were furious to hear Him claim to be descended from God. For they saw Him only as a mere man, the son of Joseph the carpenter.
But no man laid hands on him . . . what they wanted to do, they had NO power to do, for they were restrained by the divine intervention of God from it. Too, they may have been overwhelmed by the awesome majesty of Christ, which was revealed in His looks and words; and maybe they might be afraid of the people, lest they should rise up in His favor. So, even though they wanted to grab Him, NO one did. Why? Read on.
Because his hour was not yet come . . . the Father had fixed a precise time for Jesus' suffering and death. It was not time, so they could not touch Him! The wicked cannot do what they desire . . . only what God has appointed.
John 7:31 And many of the people believed on him, and said, When Christ cometh, will he do more miracles than these which this man hath done? (KJV)
And many of the people believed on him . . . although some were displeased with His doctrine, others were stimulated by His miracles to believe on Him. These were the common people, those that came from out of the country . . . for the city Jews, and all the rulers, were very unimpressed by Him. It seems that faith in Christ, has always spread and flourished most among the lower class of people.
And said, when Christ cometh, will he do more miracles than these which this [man] hath done? . . . will he do more miracles? It was a common expectation that the Messiah would work many miracles. This was based on such passages as Isaiah 35:5-6; "then shall the lame man leap as an hart."
John 7:32 The Pharisees heard that the people murmured such things concerning him; and the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to take him. (KJV)
The Pharisees heard that the people murmured . . . they heard the things being said about Him.
Such things concerning him . . . that He must be the Messiah, since such wonderful things were done by Him.
And the Pharisees, and the chief priests, sent officers to take him . . . and bring Him before the Sanhedrin, to be condemned, and put a stop be put to the people's receiving Him, and believing He was the Messiah. They feared that their principles and practices would be rejected, and their power and authority would cease.
John 7:33 Then said Jesus unto them, Yet a little while am I with you, and then I go unto him that sent me. (KJV)
Then said Jesus unto them . . . to the officers that were sent to take Him, and other unbelieving Jews that were about Him.
Yet a little while am I with you . . . He is telling them it will not be long before His death. Some say this was about six months before His death. They wanted to kill Him. He tells them that He knows it. It seems to me that He is offering salvation to them, even with all their hate, enmity and persecution. We cannot help to see the divine tenderness of His love.
And then I go unto him that sent me . . . He is still confirming His mission from God, prophesying His death by going. It also, to me, signifies His death as being voluntary. I go unto him that sent me . . . this is one indication that He gave that He would ascend to God. John 6:62 What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before? (KJV)
John 7:34 Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am, thither ye cannot come. (KJV)
Ye shall seek me . . . the Messiah, the Saviour, the Redeemer . . . was Who He was! He meant that after His death they would be in great distress, and there would be many anxious questions afterward, about the Coming of the Messiah, to be a Redeemer and Deliverer of them out of their troubles.
And shall not find me . . . after He departs, NO other Messiah will appear, NO other Saviour will be sent, NO other Redeemer will come. They shall ask and look for one . . . all in vain . . . as they did.
And where I am, thither ye cannot come . . . Jesus indicates that not only their temporal estate and condition would be very distressed and miserable, but also their eternal estate . . . since they would not be able to come where He would be, meaning in Heaven, with His Father . . . if they did not accept Him as Messiah.
John 7:35 Then said the Jews among themselves, Whither will he go, that we shall not find him? will he go unto the dispersed among the Gentiles, and teach the Gentiles? (KJV)
Then said the Jews among themselves . . . these are the scoffing, unbelieving Jews. Not all the Jews believed what Jesus said about Himself, nor did they believe all the miracles He had done.
Whither will he go that we shall not find him? . . . mockery! Where was He going to go so that they could not find Him?
Will he go unto the dispersed among the Gentiles?. . . the Jews were scattered among the Gentiles (2 Ki.17:6; 24:14). Peter directed his Epistle to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia (1 Pet.1:1), and James directs his Epistle to the twelve tribes scattered abroad (Jam.1:1). They must have thought He meant that Christ would go into some of these places, and preach.
And teach the Gentiles? . . . it seems that they thought that He was more fit to be a teacher of the Gentiles than of the Jews. And He did go to the Gentiles, after the Jews rejected Him. Mat.13:1 The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side. (KJV) “House” is a symbol for Israel. Because the Jews rejected Jesus as their Messiah, He would turn to the Gentiles (Is.9:2; 49:6; Eph.3:6). Jews rejection (Is.53:3; John 1:11).“Sea” is a symbol of Gentiles, many people (Isa.8:7; 17:12-13; Jer.47:2: Rev.13:1).
John 7:36 What manner of saying is this that he said, Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am, thither ye cannot come? (KJV)
What manner of saying is this that he said . . . what kind of talk is this? What does he mean?
Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me, and where I am, thither ye cannot come? . . . just repeating the words of Christ in verse 34.
John 7:37 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. (KJV)
In the last day, that great day of the feast . . . (Jn.7:2). "The last day of the feast" was a "great day", as is said in (Lev.23:36); an holy convocation, a solemn assembly, in which no servile work was done, and in which an offering was made by fire unto the Lord.
Jesus stood and cried . . . He now stood up, where at other times He would sit; and He spoke with a loud voice, to show His passion and sincerity, and that all might hear.
If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink . . . "If any man." That means YOU! That is free will, my friend. God offers a gift to you. "If any man thirst" . . . are you thirsty? The vast majority of people today are drinking at the stink holes of the world! WHERE have you been drinking? In the vile, filthy worldly water holes? If so, have they satisfied you? I really think that every person has a 'God-shaped' void within that can be filled only with Jesus! I know that it true for myself. Before I opened my heart's door (Rev.3:20) to Him, I drank at some despicable, disgraceful places. He changed that! He filled that void perfectly!
There are two principles to our salvation:
- #1. we must be completely touched with a deep down feeling of our extreme poverty. We know that we are lost without Jesus.
- #2. we must seek Christ Jesus, grab hold of Him by faith, and do NOT let go, knowing that He is and has the abundance of all good things.
John 7:38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (KJV)
He that believeth on me . . . believing on Him means coming to Christ, and drinking the Water of Life (Jn.4:14; Rev.21:6; 22:1,17) that He so kindly offers. We must go to Christ, and live by faith in Him, depending on His grace.
As the Scripture hath said . . . Scripture references: Isa.58:11; Joel 3:18; Eze.47:12. Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. (KJV) . . . Also Hab.2:4.
Out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water . . . out of his belly . . . meaning the inner man, the soul. Pro. 20:27 The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly. (KJV)
John 7:39 (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.) (KJV)
But this spake he of the Spirit . . . Our Lord Jesus was speaking of the Holy Spirit, which they that believe on Him would receive.
Which they that believe on him should receive . . . the apostles and others, that had believed in Christ, had received a spirit of regeneration and sanctification, which was a spirit of enlightenment and change, and a spirit of faith and adoption into God's family (Jn.1:12-13). But on the day of Pentecost they would receive a greater and more amazing measure of His gifts and grace, to qualify them for greater work and service.
For the Holy Ghost was not yet given . . . the word "given" is not in the original text. One version renders it, "for the Holy Ghost was not yet come." The Holy Ghost (Spirit) was a divine Person, equal with the Father and Son, and He too was from everlasting. His Coming would be the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2).
Because that Jesus was not yet glorified . . . Jesus had not as yet gone through His humiliation (Acts 8:33); He had not yet suffered (Mat.26:36-38), He had not bled and died on the cross (Mat.27:4-6). He had not yet risen (Mat.28:6-7), He had not ascended (Jn.20:17; Eph.4:8-10), and He had not yet sat down at the right hand of God (Mk.16:19; Heb.10:12; 12:2; 1 Pet.3:22); for the Holy Spirit was to come when Jesus departed (Jn.14:16-18,26; 15:26; 16:7-15), and as the result of His sufferings and death, and being made sin for us (2 Cor.5:21), and a curse for His people (Gal.3:13); and through His mediation and intercession (1 Tim.2:5; 1 Jn.2:1).
John 7:40 Many of the people therefore, when they heard this saying, said, Of a truth this is the Prophet. (KJV)
Many of the people therefore . . . most likely the common people, mainly those that came out of the country:
When they heard this saying . . . the sermon of Jesus, on the last and great day of the feast, about the large measure of grace, and the pouring out of the Spirit on those who believed.
Said, of a truth this is the prophet . . . "that Prophet" (Deut.18:15), which some understood not of the Messiah, but of some extraordinary prophet separate from Him, who should come before Him. They expected he was one of the old prophets raised from the dead, whom they also expected about the times of the Messiah. There was disagreement then, and there certainly is in today's churches. I personally think that the worst of Christ Jesus' enemies today are those within the church. The false prophets and cults are mounting by the moment.
Some of our web sites: . . .http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_cults.1.htm . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_an_apostate_world.1.htm . . .http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_1_false_teachers.1.htm . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_false_doctrines.1.htm
John 7:41 Others said, This is the Christ. But some said, Shall Christ come out of Galilee? (KJV)
Others said, this is the Christ . . . these thought Jesus was the Messiah.
But some said, shall Christ come out of Galilee? . . . they supposed Jesus did, because He was educated at Nazareth, and Capernaum was His city, and He mainly spoke, preached, and did His miracles there, so they presumed that He was born there; and therefore objected to His being the TRUE Messiah. We have the exact same thing today. Some believe, and some do not believe. Some love and obey, and some hate and disobey. See verse 52.
John 7:42 Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was? (KJV)
Hath not the Scripture said . . . the Scriptures in the Old Testament had indeed said much! See Messianic prophecies:http://www.hisservants.org/messianic_prophecies_h_s.htm
That Christ cometh out of the seed of David . . . prophecies said that He would be a rod out of the stem of Jesse and a branch out of his roots (Isa.11:1), that He should be one out of David's loins (Mat.1:1), and of the fruit of his body (Ps.132:11). All this was commonly known among the Jews, that the Messiah would be David's son, as Jesus of Nazareth was (Acts 13:23).
And out of the town of Bethlehem where David was? . . . where His parents lived, and where He was born (Mic.5:2).
These objectors were those who were supposed to be the more wise and knowing ones; who were acquainted and familiar with the Scriptures, and pretended to have a large knowledge of them.
John 7:43 So there was a division among the people because of him. (KJV)
Thus the people were divided because of Jesus. That has NOT changed!
John 7:44 And some of them would have taken him; but no man laid hands on him. (KJV)
Some wanted to seize Him, but NO one laid a hand on Him. See verse 30.
John 7:45 Then came the officers to the chief priests and Pharisees; and they said unto them, Why have ye not brought him? (KJV)
The temple guards eventually went back to the chief priests and Pharisees. They were asked: "Why didn't you bring Him to us?"
John 7:46 The officers answered, Never man spake like this man. (KJV)
"No one ever spoke the way this man does," the guards told the rulers. What a testimony these men gave about our Lord, Jesus, "Never man spake like this man." My friend, Jesus was the tremendous Teacher, but His teaching does not save us! He saves us by what He accomplished on the cross, by His death and resurrection.
John 7:47 Then answered them the Pharisees, Are ye also deceived?
The furious Pharisees snapped at them: "You mean He has deceived you too?"
John 7:48 Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed on him? (KJV)
Has any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him?
False pastors are so stupid and foolish that they consider the Church of God to be of value according to the number of people in it, and from the outward show of it. BEWARE!!!
John 7:49 But this people who knoweth not the law are cursed. (KJV)
This crowd does not know the Law of Moses, so they are under God's curse!"
John 7:50 Nicodemus saith unto them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being one of them,) (KJV)
This is the Nicodemus who came to Jesus by night (Jn.3:1-2). I really do think that Nicodemus believed and trusted the Lord that night.
John 7:51 Doth our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth? (KJV)
Nicodemus wanted to know if their law judged anyone before it heard His side of the matter. He said they needed to know what this One who is accused has done.
John 7:52 They answered and said unto him, Art thou also of Galilee? Search, and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet. (KJV)
Nicodemus is a Pharisee, and he defends Jesus. But the rest of them mock and ridicule him: "Are you also from Galilee?" That was a disgrace to them. this was like fancy city folk making fun of the common country folk. It is quite interesting to see that they did know the facts of their Scripture: "Out of Galilee ariseth no prophet." The truth is . . . He had not come out of Galilee, nor had He come out of Bethlehem. He had come out of glory. Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. (KJV) . . . The Son of God came from Heaven.
John 7:53 And every man went unto his own house. (KJV)
"Every man went unto his own house" . . . but . . . NO one invited Jesus to go with them! It was a feast night, but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives. As far as we know, He never spent a night in Jerusalem.
What about you, my friend? Do you leave Jesus out in the cold? Or have you accepted His wonderful invitation so that you live in the love and light of His Presence?
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