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Gospel of Luke Chapter 10
Theme: Jesus sends out the seventy; Jesus pronounces judgment on Chorazin, Bethsaida and Capernaum; Jesus gives parable of the Good Samaritan; Jesus enters the home of Mary and Martha.
Jesus Sends Out the Seventy (Luke 10:1-9)
Luke 10:1 After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come. (KJV)
After these things . . . after the calling and mission of the twelve apostles, and giving them their powers, commissions, and instructions, with other things that followed (Lk.9:1),
The Lord appointed other seventy also . . . not that He had appointed another seventy, and now made an appointment of seventy more; but Jesus separated out of all His disciples, seventy others . . . besides the twelve, whom He chose and called out, from among the multitude of the disciples, and ordained them apostles, now He selected and ordained seventy others, in reference to the seventy elders of Israel (Num.11:16,24-25). It seems possible that Luke may have been one of these seventy.
And sent them two and two before His face . . . as He did the twelve before them, to be His representatives and forerunners.
Into every city and place, whither he himself would come . . . they went ahead of Jesus in the cities which He intended to visit. He sent them beforehand to notify the inhabitants of it; and prepare them by their ministry, for the reception of Him; as did John the Baptist, who was in a more eminent sense the harbinger and forerunner of Christ, went before Him in His ministry, and prepared the way for Him.
Luke 10:2 Therefore said he unto them, The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would send forth labourers into his harvest. (KJV)
Therefore said he unto them . . . Jesus said to the seventy disciples, what he had before said to the twelve apostles in (Mat.9:37-38), where are the same words as here:
The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few, pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest that he would send forth labourers into his harvest . . . although there was such a number of disciples called to the ministerial work, and sent out, there was still need of more; so great was the harvest of souls, or number of hearers, that the laborers were in comparison, but few, and therefore the Lord of the harvest and whose all souls are, was to be prayed unto to send forth more hard working preachers. (Mat.9:37-38). Saved souls are the harvest of preachers and teachers of the Gospel.
Luke 10:3 Go your ways: behold, I send you forth as lambs among wolves. (KJV)
Go your ways: behold, I send you forth as lambs among wolves . . . into all the villages, towns, cities, and places where He had directed them to go, to get the people ready for Him. They would be as kind, harmless, innocent and defenseless creatures, among spiteful, malicious, cunning and cruel men. (Mat.10:16). Matthew says: Be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves . . . wise and harmless (Rom.16:19; Eph.5:15; Phil.2:15). The serpent is a very sharp sighted, cunning creature, and uses many different arts and tricks for its own preservation. The seventy should be careful to give no chance of offence, or irritate and provoke them, and to avoid all snares and traps that are laid for them . . . and, at the same time, maintain the innocence and harmlessness of the dove (or a little lamb), being free from all wicked cunning and craftiness, without resentment, malice and wrath; not considering and seeking revenge, but very meek and humble in their manner, leading gentle and mild lives, and proceeding in the course of their calling, even though they are wide open to many insults, and much oppression.
Luke 10:4 Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes: and salute no man by the way. (KJV)
Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes . . . purses were girdles or sashes and were an indispensable part of their dress. A girdle was made hollow, and also answered the purpose of a purse. It was convenient, easily carried and safe. More often than not, these preachers who went to the wilderness to seek the lost sheep, would be exposed to hunger and cold, and other inconveniences. They must therefore submit themselves to God, depending on His providence for the necessaries of life. If God had sent them, He certainly shall support them. Any anxiety or worry therefore, would be a double crime, as it indicates a bad opinion of the Master who has employed them. Every missionary therefore should master this subject. This prohibition of gold, silver and brass, was intended to prevent their taking money for their journey. Nor shoes . . . nothing more than what they had on their feet; most likely sandals, of what sort these were, is not certain.
And salute no man by the way . . . that they might not be delayed or hindered in their journey by long questions of the health of persons and friends, and the business they were going about, etc. Greetings were drawn out to great length, as were often the case when meeting on the road: and, for the same reason, a like charge is given to Gehazi (2 Ki.4:29; Pro.4:25), and which, they might not have lengthy words with persons they met with. Jesus’ intention, by this order was, not to teach them rudeness, or to be uncourteous; but that they might dispatch their business with the utmost promptness, and foregoing some common civilities and ceremonies. They were not to neglect or hinder the work of such importance they were sent on. (Mat.10:9-10).
Luke 10:5 And into whatsoever house ye enter, first say, Peace be to this house. (KJV)
And into whatsoever house ye enter, first say, Peace be to this house . . . when you come into any city, town, or village, greet the inhabitants saying, peace be to you; wishing them all happiness and prosperity, temporal, spiritual, and eternal. This shows the Lord did not disapprove of civil salutations.
Luke 10:6 And if the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you again. (KJV)
And if the son of peace be there . . . the son of peace means that if the house or family be worthy, or be willing to receive you in peace and kindness. (Mat.10:13). The son of peace means one desiring peace, or being peaceful and kind in his temperament.
Your peace shall rest upon it . . . if the greeting, or wish for peace, shall be well taken, and gratefully received; and you shall be kindly invited into the house, and treated well by those of the family.
If not, it shall turn to you again . . . if there are no sons of peace, no elect persons there, your greeting, or wish of peace and prosperity to the family, will be hated and rejected, and will return to you without any good result of them.
Luke 10:7 And in the same house remain, eating and drinking such things as they give: for the labourer is worthy of his hire. Go not from house to house. (KJV)
And in the same house remain . . . they were to remain in houses where the sons of peace are, and the peace rests, into which they are invited, and kindly received and treated.
Eating and drinking such things as they give . . . (Mat.10:11). The reason for the command, “Go not from house to house” is very clear to one acquainted with Oriental customs. When a stranger arrives in a village or an encampment, the neighbors, one after another, must invite him to eat with them.
For the labourer is worthy of his hire . . . (1 Tim.5:18). What they eat and drink is due them; what should have, food and lodging is a debt, not a gratuity. (Mat.10:10).
Go not from house to house . . . as if picky and changeable, as if not satisfied with your lodging and food, and as seeking something better, or as if they were a burden. (Mat.10:11).
Luke 10:8 And into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set before you: (KJV)
And into whatsoever city ye enter . . . into whatever house you go into for lodging and food,
And they receive you . . . willingly and cheerfully,
Eat such things as are set before you . . . whatever it is, accept them, and do not object to them lest it should be thought you seek to indulge your appetites; eat as if it were your own; do not ask questions about the cleanness and uncleanness of it (1 Cor.10:27).
Luke 10:9 And heal the sick that are therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you. (KJV)
And heal the sick that are therein . . . of all their bodily diseases, which would not only show their power, authorization and commission, but also their goodness and kindness to men; and would be a sufficient return for what they ate and drank.
And say unto them . . . not only to the sick that are healed, and those in the house in which they were, but to ALL the inhabitants of the city,
The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you . . . the Gospel dispensation, the Kingdom of the Messiah, and the Messiah Himself, as might be concluded from the miracles they did; and thus by their ministry and works, they were to go before Christ, and prepare the way for Him.
The Lord sent out seventy disciples who were to prepare the way for the ministry of Jesus. Only Luke tells us of this assignment. The work was for a limited time, and their office was temporary because Jesus was on His way to Jerusalem.
I do NOT consider it my business to harvest. My business, and yours, is sowing. I believe that we are sowing seed today, and that at the end of this age there will be a harvest. In the parable of the tares and wheat the Lord said, "Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn" (Mat.13:30). It is my business is to sow the seed which is the Word of God, NOT to harvest. Harvesting is Judge Jesus’ job! Sowing is the business of every Christian.
Jesus gave two rules for the disciples to follow as they traveled. They were to eat what was set before them . . . that is, they were to accept hospitality without being picky . . . and they were to heal the sick. Because of the healings, people would be willing to listen to the Good News.
Jesus Pronounces Judgment on Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum (Luke 10:10-24)
Luke 10:10 But into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not, go your ways out into the streets of the same, and say, (KJV)
But into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not . . . on the other hand, Jesus here directs them how to act towards other cities they should come to, where they are rejected, refused admission of them into their houses, or provide any food and lodging for them, nor hear their message,
Go your ways out into the streets of the same . . . and cast the dust off your feet into the streets of it, and say loudly, in a very public way, in the ears of all the people, as follows . . . .
Luke 10:11 Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe off against you: notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom of God is come nigh unto you. (KJV)
Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe against you . . . Matthew says: Shake off the dust under your feet, for a testimony against them . . . for they had been with them, and tried to preach the Gospel to them, but they despised and rejected it, so they were to depart from them as unworthy people, against whom the dust of their feet would rise up as a witness, in the day of judgment (Mat.10:14; Mk.6:11).
Notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom of God is come nigh unto you . . . besides being a threat, the idea here is that of conveying a testimony of the preachers to the best good of the people. It is as if they said, "We came for you, that by the grace of God we might witness to you the Truth of the Gospel and save your souls and heal your bodies as proof that we represent the TRUE God and His Kingdom. If these words seem more in line with judgment (Lk.10:12; Mat.10:14-15), it is because of the consequences of their rejecting what was best for their welfare. This is certainly very true of people in today’s world. People are at their very doors of eternity, and the vast majority reject the ministers of the Gospel, and deny the Lord Jesus. There really are people in today’s world too, who are sent to publish His Gospel, to proclaim Him as King, and declare that He shall return, but most people just turn away! Jesus' Return is getting closer and closer with each passing day. The first step of Jesus’ Return is the Rapture (1 Thes.4:13-18). That is the next event on God’s calendar! Are you ready for Jesus to return? BEWARE!!! Please do NOT despise and reject the Gospel or Jesus!
Luke 10:12 But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable in that day for Sodom, than for that city. (KJV)
But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable in that day for Sodom than for that city . . . the same thing that Jesus said to the twelve apostles, when He sent them out (Mat.10:15). "That day" means the day to come, the last day, Judgment Day, the day of judgment, as is in (Mat.10:15). It shall be better in the day of judgment for Sodom, which was a very wicked city, and was destroyed by fire from heaven for its iniquity, and its inhabitants suffer the vengeance of eternal fire: and there was also Gomorrha, a neighboring city, guilty of the same crimes, and sharing the same fate; and which is mentioned along with Sodom in Matthew. The idea of this is, that even though the evil and immoral sins of Sodom and Gomorrha were very great, and their punishment very representative of God . . . yet, just as there will be degrees of torment in Hell, the case of such a city, which had the Gospel brought to them, and had despised and rejected it, will be much worse than the case of Sodom and Gomorrah, which were devoured by fire from Heaven; than that of the inhabitants of these cities in the future judgment, and to all eternity.
Luke 10:13 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you, they had a great while ago repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. (KJV)
Woe unto thee, Chorazin! . . . although many of Christ's mighty works were done in this place, yet mention is made of it NO where else but here and in (Mat.11:21). Some say it was about 2 1/2 miles from Capernaum.
Woe unto thee, Bethsaida! . . . this was the city of Andrew and Peter (Jn.1:44), so that as bad as it was, there were some persons called out of it by the grace of God, and to the high office of apostleship; and which makes God’s grace in such, all the more unique. Chorazin and Bethsaida were cities in the north near Capernaum where the Lord had His headquarters. He had performed many miracles in this area. They rejected Him, and now He pronounces a judgment upon them. (Mat.11:21).
For if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you . . .
meaning both the speaking the Gospel by Jesus, which was with power and authority, and His miracles, which were works of divine power, showing Him to be the Almighty God. These were not done in Tyre and Sidon, cities in Phoenicia; for although the Lord was just on the borders of those places, and not in them, they being Gentile cities, to which He was not sent, and in which He did not preach, nor do miracles; but He did BOTH in Bethsaida and Chorazin, and they repented NOT of their sins; nor did they embrace His doctrine, even though it was confirmed by miracles . . . where in all probability, if the inhabitants of Tyre and Sidon had the same advantages,
They had a great while ago repented . . . they would have immediately repented, for it would have been clear to them, of which they would have given proof, by
Sitting in sackcloth and ashes . . . this was an outward sign of repentance, used by repentant sinners, as by the Ninevites (Jonah 3:4-5). Similar things are said at another time, and on another occasion (Mat.11:21-24), as here in Luke.
I think the meaning is, that if the inhabitants of Tyre and Sidon had had the advantages of Christ's ministry, and of seeing His miracles, as the inhabitants of Chorazin and Bethsaida had, they would have repented of their sins; at least, in an external way, signified by sackcloth and ashes, which were outward signs of repentance (Isa.58:5; Jer.6:26).
Luke 10:14 But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment, than for you. (KJV)
But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment . . . or "in the day of judgment" or Judgment Day. (Mat.11:22).
Than for you . . . the inhabitants of Chorazin and Bethsaida, will be more severely punished than these Gentile cities; because greater was their light, privileges and advantages against which they sinned . . . so, much greater will be their more severe punishment.
Luke 10:15 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell. (KJV)
And thou Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven . . . this could refer to the situation of it, which was on a very high hill, or it may express the pride and arrogance of the inhabitants of it, who were elated that it was a most delightful, pleasant and comfortable place to live in, as its name signifies, but personally, I think it means its privileges, through the ministry and miracles of Christ Jesus. It was a famous port, situated by the Sea of Tiberias; and, as Josephus says, was in an excellent temperament of the air, and watered with a most choice fountain, called by the same name.
Shalt be thrust down into hell . . . this could mean to the low condition to which it was to be, and having been reduced in a temporal sense, and continues in to this day; there being nothing of it now remaining, but a few little houses and cottages; or else the sad and miserable condition of the inhabitants of it in eternity. And so it is, that those who have lived in great plenty and pleasure in this life, and have thought themselves to be the favorites of Heaven, and that they would enter there, shall instead be thrust down to Hell by the great Arm of God’s vengeance, with the utmost wrath in God, and shame to themselves. " For if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you, they had a great while ago repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. (Mat.11:21-24).
Does Hell have various degrees of punishment?
Yes, this humble servant thinks so. What does the bible say? Luke 12:47-48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.  But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more. (KJV) . . . In our criminal system there are various degrees of punishment based on how serious the crime was. This Passage states that God's judgments are based on many factors. I am sure that God will consider all aspects in determining the level of punishment for each person.
I also believe this Passage also applies to Heaven's citizens. Some will receive many rewards, others few. For instance, a person who has worked his/her entire life for the Lord shall receive a greater reward than someone who accepted Christ on their death bed.
Luke 10:16 He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me. (KJV)
He that heareth you, heareth me . . . this is said for the encouragement of the seventy disciples, that even though they would be rejected by some, they would be received by others, who would hear them and lovingly embrace their doctrine, as if the Messiah Himself had been among them. These seventy were representing Christ Jesus, and so Jesus Himself considers them as ambassadors in His Name, representing His Person, taking what is done to them, as done to himself. (Mat.10:40).
And he that despiseth you, despiseth me . . . with every degree of contempt that was cast upon them by words or actions, Jesus looked upon as cast on Himself, and will consider it on Judgment Day, and punish for it. The hatred of the wise men, or doctors, and their disciples or scholars, was accounted with the Jews a very dreadful crime, and was severely punished both by excommunication and fines . . . so it would be with Judge Jesus on Judgment Day for all who despise Jesus!
And he that despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me . . . this is added to aggravate the sin of the despisers of Christ's ministers, since the contempt does not stop in them, nor even in Christ Jesus, but reaches on up to His Father also. BEWARE!!! This goes for people today too!
Luke 10:17 And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name. (KJV)
And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name . . . these disciples whom He had sent, having received orders and instructions from Christ, went as He directed them; and when they had finished their mission, they returned to Him, and gave Him an account of their journey and success. They found the miraculous power conferred upon them was so much greater than they at first thought.
As we read before of the twelve coming back to give Christ an account of their success, in chapter 9, so here we have the same of the seventy. Whether this joy of the seventy was, it was more carnal than it should have been, they rather were rejoicing in that new power which they had received from Christ, than in the demonstration of Christ's Divine power, and the confirmation of the doctrine of the gospel by these miraculous operations, is hard to decide; for although Jesus’ reply seemed to have a check in it, yet it is so qualified by the term rather (verses 20), that we cannot from this decide any such thing from it. Here is the difference to be observed between Jesus and His disciples' casting out of devils: Jesus did it in His own Name, by His own command, power and authority; the disciples did it in Jesus’ Name, and by the power and authority coming from Him.
Luke 10:18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. (KJV)
And he said unto them . . . in order to decrease their joyous surprise, and reduce the thoughts in their minds,
I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven . . . meaning, that this was no news to Jesus, nor was it any surprising event, that devils should be cast out of men, and be in a state of subjection, for as Jesus existed as the eternal Son of God before His incarnation, He was present, and saw Satan and his angels fall from Heaven, fall from their first estate, their habitation of bliss and glory; fall down to Hell, because of their sin and rebellion . . . he fell as violently, swiftly and suddenly as lightning falls from Heaven to Earth. When the Lord sent out these special disciples, as soon as they began their work, Jesus, by His divine omniscience, saw the powers of darkness falling before their ministry and miracles; and He also foresaw how Satan afterwards, in a more visible manner, would fall before the preaching of His Gospel by His apostles, not only in Judea, but especially among the Gentiles, where he, the prince of this world, would be cast down from his throne, and out of his kingdom, so that what they told Jesus, was what He really knew before.
Luke 10:19 Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you. (KJV)
Behold, I give you power to tread on serpents and scorpions . . . see: (Mk.16:18; Acts 28:3).
I believe that these words are symbolic of the devil, and his principalities and powers, and all his human agents, who, for their craft and cunning, and for their poisonous and hurtful nature and influence, may be compared to serpents and scorpions.
And over all the power of the enemy . . . of mankind in general, and of the Seed of the woman. Jesus and His people in particular, Jesus has a power over all Satan’s power, and his whole multitude of devils, and even has power over the power of the air, of which Satan is prince; and it is this power that Jesus communicated to His apostles, even to the seventy disciples, adding,
And nothing shall by any means, hurt you . . . not the most hurtful and poisonous animals, nor the most malicious persecutors on Earth, nor all the devils in Hell. Nothing should hurt their souls, and the eternal welfare of them; nor even hinder the work of God prospering in their hands.
Jesus may have been looking ahead to His victory over Satan at the cross. John 12:31-32 indicates that Satan would be judged and driven out at the time of Jesus' death. On the other hand, Jesus may have been warning His disciples against pride. Perhaps He was referring to Isaiah 14:12-17, which begins, "How you are fallen from heaven, O shining star, son of the morning!" Some say that it was Satan's pride that led to all the evil we see on Earth today. To Jesus' disciples, who were thrilled with their power over evil spirits (snakes and scorpions), He may have been giving this stern warning: "Yours is the kind of pride that led to Satan's downfall. Be careful!" What about us? BEWARE!!! It goes for us too!
Luke 10:20 Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven. (KJV)
Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you . . . it is usual in holy writing, to have prohibitions delivered in general terms, which should be understood in a nonaggressive sense. It appears clearly by the word rather, added to rejoice, in the last part of the sentence. For it was no doubt a just cause of joy to them that Jesus had honored them with such an extraordinary gift and power, but not near as much joy as to know that their names were written in the book of life; for that good was considerably greater, than over over evil spirits.
But rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven . . . written in heaven, is the same as being written in the book of life, which means the sure destination of those to eternal life in Heave. We read of this book of life (Lk.10:20; Rev.3:5; 13:8; 17:8; 20:12,15; 21:27; 22:19; Phil.4:3). It is called the Lamb's book (Rev.13:8), and it is said it was written from the foundation of the world; which will justify all the faithful who understand it to be a specific election from eternity. Some object to this because among the twelve there was a son of perdition, and it is unreasonable to think that all the seventy were elect and in the book of life.
We need not think that the Saviour means all their names were so written, but only declaring that the greatest cause of joy is, IF men can by their calling find that their election is sure, it is written in this book. From the Saviour's words we may conclude: #1. That there is a book of life, an election of grace. #2. That there are names written in this book; it is an election of persons. #3. That people may know that their names are written in that book, otherwise they could not rejoice; for NO one can rejoice if their name is not found in that book. #4. That this is a greater cause of joy, than for a man to know that he has a power to cast out devils.
Men may be made use of to cast out devils in Christ's Name, who yet may go to the devil in the end, like Judas. (Mat.7:22-23).
I do not think that Jesus in the above words confirms that all the names of the seventy were written in this book. His speech is rather to open up their minds to give all diligence to make sure of this cause of rejoicing. My friend, it is the same with us today. Give all diligence: (Ps.119:4; Pro.4:23; Isa.55:2; Zec.6:15; Jn.6:27; 2 Cor.8:7; Phil.2:12; Heb.6:11; 11:6; 12:15; 2 Pet.1:2-10; 3:14,18; Jude 1:3).
The book of life is called the Lamb's book of life, written from the foundation of the world: in which the divine destiny of the ones named within it, are to everlasting glory and happiness in the glory of Heaven (Jn.14:1-3; 1 Pet.1:4-5). This book reveals that God's election to eternal life is of specific persons, and of these persons by name (Mat.25:34; Jn.17:24; Eph.1:4-5). It is sure, certain and undisputable, for it is in direct opposition to what is written in Earth. Jer. 17:13 O LORD, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, and they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the LORD, the fountain of living waters. (KJV)
The knowledge of this book, and entrance of names into it, is attained ONLY through the grace of God, the revelation of Christ Jesus by His Spirit, and acceptance and faith in Him.
Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight. (KJV)
In that hour Jesus rejoiced in Spirit . . . in His human soul, for His heart was filled with joy, not so much at the success of the seventy disciples, and the subjection of the devils to them, but instead in the viewpoint that He had of the spreading of the Gospel, and of the revelation and application of the Truths of it to multitudes of cruel and wicked persons, while it was rejected by the wise and educated; and especially at the sovereign and distinguishing grace of God towards the elect, whose names are written in Heaven. Being filled with joy, Jesus broke out in, a triumphing thanksgiving to God,
And said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth. . . "Lord of heaven" takes us back to Gen.14:19, where God is called by this Name. He IS the Lord of Heaven and Earth . . . many wise people NEVER learn this Truth, while many babes understand it. The words of Jesus are words of thanksgiving, glorifying and praising His Father, acknowledging His wisdom, power, grace and goodness. Jesus was discouraged and sad at His bad treatment by the Pharisees, and the general impenitence and unbelief of the cities, where He preached and done His miracles. But He is abundantly thankful, and respects the distinguishing grace of God. This He mentions to show the sovereignty of His Father, in the conversion of men. The things He expresses His thankfulness for, follow;
Thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent . . . the "things" He means are the doctrines of the Gospel, such as respecting Himself, His person, as God, and the Son of God; His office, as Messiah, Redeemer and Saviour; and the blessings of grace, righteousness, and salvation by Him. The persons from whom these things were hid, are "the wise and prudent", meaning worldly men of great learning, of a large range of knowledge, having a considerable share of shrewdness, penetration, and who were wise and prudent in their own conceits, as were the Scribes and Pharisees.
And hast revealed them unto babes . . . foolish ones, who do not have the learning and knowledge others have, they are as babes, helpless, defenseless, and impotent in themselves, to do or say anything that is spiritually good. Dr. Ironside said many years ago, "Always put the cookies on the bottom shelf so the kiddos can get them." I have always thought that if you preach or teach so children understand what you are saying, the older folks are bound to understand. But sad to say, sometimes the children understand and the adults miss it. (Mat.11:25-26).
Even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight . . . there is a huge difference among people, with respect to the Gospel revelation. It cannot be had by people who are shrewd, wise and deceptive; for from these the Gospel is hidden. No one is worthy of it. God works in mysterious ways, and the Gospel is revealed to those who are poor, base and foolish in this world’s eyes, by the good will and pleasure of God only. Our understanding is often confused. We come to a screeching halt in all our efforts at trying to explain it. All that we can say is, "Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight." My friend that is enough. That God does a thing, that is the best reason which we can have that it is right. It is a blessing to know that nothing wrong is ever done by God, even though it may be mysterious to us, light will shine upon it one day. Count on it! I would feel more confident that a thing was right, and I knew that it was the will of God, than I could by trying to depend on my own thinking. Let us always confide in the infallible and absolutely perfect God; rather on the reasoning of frail and ever so blundering mankind. God NEVER is wrong! Me . . . I mess up all the time. (Mat.11:25-26).
Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him. (KJV)
All things are delivered to me of my Father . . . this same doctrine is taught often elsewhere in the New Testament: (Jn.3:35; 6:46; 10:15; Col.1:16-17). It means that Jesus has control over all things, for the good of His people, that the government of the universe is committed to Him as Mediator, that He may redeem His people, and guide them to glory (Eph.1:20-22). All things in Jesus’ Hands: (Jn.3:35; 5:22-27; 13:3; 17:2; Mat.11:27; 28:18; Lk.10:22; Acts 2:36; 1 Cor.15:27; Eph.1:21-22; Phil.2:9-11; Heb.1:2; 2:8-9). All the blessings of grace, and the Promises of the everlasting covenant, and all the glory and happiness of His people, are put into Jesus’ Hands by His Father.
And no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father . . . only the Son knows completely the Father’s Spirit and glory, His mind and will, His purposes and decrees, His counsels and covenant; the grace and love of His Heart to His chosen people; what He has prepared and laid up for them, and will make them partakers of to all eternity . . . NO man or angel clearly comprehends the character of the infinite God, except the Son, the Lord Jesus, and he to whom He makes Him known. This He does by revealing the character of God clearly, and more clearly, by manifesting His character as a God Who forgives sin, and to the soul that is weary and heavy laden (Mat.11:28). The superb glories and perfections of Jesus’ nature as the Son of God are known only by the Father. Such is the nature of the Son of God, such is the mystery of the UNION between the Divine and human nature; such is His exalted character as Divine, that NO mortal anywhere can fully comprehend Him. NO one but God the Father fully knows Him.
And who the Father is . . . what His perfections, purposes, grace, greatness, mind and will are,
But the Son . . . who is of Him, and lay in His bosom (Jn.1:18).
And he to whom the Son will reveal him . . . the grace and glory of both Jesus and His Father, which He does by His Spirit; who is a Spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him; and which depends entirely on His own sovereign will and pleasure. NO one but the Father knew the Son at that time . . . nor does anyone know Him even now. And NO one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son will reveal Him. This revealing is done partly in this world, through the Holy Word of God, and partly in the world to come. The statement makes it certain that NO correct knowledge of God can be obtained except through revelation. (Mat.11:27).
Luke 10:23 And he turned him unto his disciples, and said privately, Blessed are the eyes which see the things that ye see: (KJV)
And he turned him unto his disciples . . . both to the twelve apostles, and seventy disciples.
And said privately . . . or to them apart from any multitudes.
Blessed are the eyes that see the things that ye see . . . this is both of physical and spiritual sight. It must have been great joy to see Jesus in the flesh, and hear Him speak in Person, be eyewitnesses of His awesome majesty, and see with their own eyes the miracles that He performed, the approval and confirmation of the doctrines of the Gospel that they were to publish to all the world. But it was a much greater joy, that they saw His glory, as the glory of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and Truth. BUT, there were many who saw Him in the flesh with their physical eyes, but saw NO beauty, NO interest in Him, saw NOTHING likable and desirable in Him. There are millions today that have this same problem! People must SEE (with their spiritual eyes), His personal and inspiring glories, must SEE Him as the Son of God, must SEE His richness as Mediator, must SEE His being the Right and Proper One and Only Saviour and Redeemer of mankind, and must SEE that He IS the Messiah (Christ); and must believe and be sure that He IS the Christ, the Son of the living God that can save your soul.
Matthew 13:16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. (KJV) Matthew adds: And your ears, for they hear . . . this also must be understood of physical and spiritual hearing. The apostles and multitudes of Jews heard the words of Truth from the lips of that Great Prophet that Moses said should rise up among them, like unto him (Deut.18:15), whom they should hear. Many also heard, with their own ears, a voice from Heaven, declaring Him to be the beloved Son of God, in whom He was well pleased (Mat.3:17; Mk.1:11; Lk.3:22). The apostles heard the Gospel preached by Jesus, not only heard it but also understood it spiritually, and they brought forth much fruit of it; meant by the good ground in the parable Christ had just delivered. BUT . . . there were multitudes that heard the Lord speak the doctrines of the Gospel with their physical ears, but did NOT understand spiritually. And it is so today. Millions go to church; they hear the Gospel, but it just does NOT sink in! They do not hear it spiritually!
Luke 10:24 For I tell you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them. (KJV)
For I tell you that many prophets and kings . . . such as Abraham, Isaac, Jacob who were prophets, as well as patriarchs, and David, Solomon, and others. Matthew says: For verily I say unto you . . . this is added for the further confirmation of what is before said, concerning the happiness of the apostles, in seeing and hearing what they did.
Have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them, and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them . . . Jesus means Himself, His doctrines and His miracles. (Mat.13:17).
Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37)
Next there are some things that characterizes the Gospel of Luke . . . parables. Luke majors in parables just as Mark majors in miracles. Luke records certain parables that are among some of the most familiar parts of the Bible. The parable of the Good Samaritan is probably the best-known story. Some consider it the greatest story ever told.
Luke 10:25 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? (KJV)
And behold a certain lawyer stood up . . . from his seat, who had been listening to Jesus preach, probably in some synagogue . . . when and where this was, is not certain. Some versions call this man a Scribe; a lawyer and a Scribe were the same, as appears from (Mat.22:35; Mk.12:28).
And tempted him . . . testing Jesus to see IF He understood the Law, or whether He would say something contrary to it. He wanted to see if he could gain some advantage against Jesus, and expose Him, gaining credit and praise to himself.
Saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? . . . the same question that was asked by the young ruler in Mark 10:17. Both of these men were on the same ground, both seeking eternal life by their own works. (Mat.19:16).
Luke 10:26 He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? (KJV)
He said unto him . . . Jesus said to the lawyer or scribe,
What is written in the law? . . . Christ Jesus, with great politeness, sends the man to the Law, partly, because this man, by his office and character, was an interpreter of the law; and partly, because his question was, what shall I do?
How readest thou? . . . in the law, every day; referring to the reading of the words in (Deut.6:5). Jesus knew that he was an expert in the Mosaic Law.
Luke 10:27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.(KJV)
And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself . . . this was the answer Jesus Himself gave to another lawyer (Mk.12:29-33). This expert in religious Law was quoting Deut.6:5 and Lev.19:18. The lawyer correctly understood that the law demanded total devotion to God and love for one's neighbor. Jesus talked more about these laws elsewhere (Mat.19:16-22; 22:36-40; Mk.10:17-22; 12:28-34).
Luke 10:28 And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live. (KJV)
And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right . . . it is so written, it is the sum and substance of the law, and what involves what men should do . . . therefore,
This do, and thou shalt live . . . Jesus says: Right; This do, and life is thine" . . . highlighting "this" to indicate, without saying it, where the real difficulty to a sinner lays, and thus unnerving the questioner, meaning that just the reading of the words is NOT sufficient; although these men placed great confidence in reading this Passage, or in reciting their phylacteries (Mat.23:5) of which this was a part, morning and night. Our Lord tells us by this, that according to the Law, eternal life was NOT to be had without a complete and perfect performance of the duties of love to God, and to the neighbor, contained in these words. Jesus states the impossibility of obtaining eternal life by the works of the Law, since perfect obedience CANNOT be made by man. We must trust and obey the Gospel! We must bind God’s Word in our heart. (Deut.6:8; Pro.3:3; 6:21-23; Mat.23:5). Pro.6:21 Bind them continually upon thine heart, and tie them about thy neck. (KJV)
Luke 10:29 But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour? (KJV)
But he willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus . . . this man, like millions of others, try to make his own righteousness sufficient, which it can NEVER be (Isa.64:6), and to make himself appear to be righteous to others; for the Jews thought themselves able to do this, both to justify themselves before God by their own works, and make it seem to men, that they were truly righteous persons. It is no wonder that this man who wanted to justify himself, wanted to know,
And who is my neighbour? . . . trying to justify himself, wanting to appear blameless, wanting to defend himself, and show that he had kept the law. Jesus wanted to give him to a proper view of his own sinfulness, and his actual departure from the law. The man wanted to show that he had kept the law; he wanted to justify himself for asking the question; to show that it could not be easily settled; that a mere mention to the words of the law did not fulfill it. It was still a question of: what was meant by neighbor? The Pharisees believed that the Jews only were to be regarded as neighbors, and that the obligation did NOT extend at all to the Gentiles. The lawyer was probably ready to confirm that he had faithfully discharged his duty to his countrymen, and had thus kept the law, and so could justify himself. Every sinner wants to justify himself. Each one seeks to do it by their own works. Because of this, the lawyer distorts the meaning of the Law, destroys its spirituality, and brings the law down to his standard, rather than attempt to build his life by its requirements. Justify: (Job 32:2; Lk.16:15; Rom.4:2; Jam.2:24). Neighbor: (Mat.5:43-44). This idea that Jesus opposes and disapproves is in the following parable, which is the answer to the lawyer's question.
Luke 10:30 And Jesus answering said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead. (KJV)
And Jesus answering said . . . the following things; which may either be considered as a story of the matter, or as a supposed case, and delivered by way of parable; is in either way the answer to the lawyer's question, to show who may be called a neighbor; and that a man who is a stranger, and accounted an enemy, yet does acts of mercy, kindness and goodness, to one in distress, should be considered a neighbor: and has a much better label to such a character, than one of the same nation and religion, who takes NO notice whatsoever of a distressed person.
A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho . . . Jericho was situated about 15 miles north-east of Jerusalem, and about 8 west of the river Jordan. There are different guesses as to the distance between the cities. (Mat.20:29).
And fell among thieves . . . thieves means those who merely take property. These were highwaymen, and not merely took the property, but endangered the life. From Jerusalem to Jericho the country was rocky and mountainous, and in some parts scarcely inhabited. It was a convenient place for highwaymen. This was also a much traveled road, for Jericho was a large place, and there was much travelling to Jerusalem.
Which stripped him of his raiment . . . as thieves and robbers do. He is robbed of everything he had, including his clothing, and is beaten to within an inch of his life. The road treacherously winded and was a favorite hideout of robbers and thieves.
And wounded him . . . which is the common practice of such men,
And departed, leaving him half dead . . . or "near death"
Luke 10:31 And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. (KJV)
And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side . . . Jesus spends no time describing the priest and only tells of how he showed no love or compassion for the man by failing to help him and passing on the other side of the road so as not to get involved. If there was anyone who should have known God’s Law of love, it should have been the priest. He should have been a person of compassion, wanting to help others. BUT . . . love was not a word for him that required any action on the behalf of someone else.
Luke 10:32 And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side. (KJV)
And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side. . . the next person to pass by in the Parable of the Good Samaritan is a Levite, and he does exactly what the priest did: passing by without showing any compassion whatsoever. He should have known the Law, but he too, failed to show the injured man any compassion.
Luke 10:33 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on him, (KJV)
But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on him . . . the next person to come by is the Samaritan. He is the one least likely to have shown any compassion for the Jewish man. Samaritans were considered a very low class of people by the Jews because they had intermarried with non-Jews and did not keep all the Law, so the Jews would have nothing to do with them. We do not know for certain if the injured man was a Jew or Gentile, but I am in the opinion that he was a Jew. I say this because of the hatred between the Jews and Samaritans, which Jesus knew (Jn.4). I could be wrong. But, it made no difference to the Samaritan, for he did not consider the man’s race or religion. The “Good Samaritan” only saw a person in desperate need of help, and help him he did, far above and beyond the minimum requirement.
Luke 10:34 And went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. (KJV)
And went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him . . . he dressed the man’s wounds with wine (to disinfect) and oil (to sooth the pain). He puts the man on his animal and takes him to an inn for a time of healing and pays the innkeeper with his own money, also telling the innkeeper to take good care of the man, and he would pay for any extra expenses on his return trip. The Samaritan saw his neighbor as anyone who was in need.
Luke 10:35 And on the morrow when he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host, and said unto him, Take care of him; and whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come again, I will repay thee. (KJV)
And on the morrow when he departed . . . having taken care of him all night, and made him comfortable, he leaves him in good hands, just as Christ does His people, to learn to live by faith in Him.
And he took out two peace . . . two pence was equal to two day's wages of a laborer, and enough for several days' support.
And gave them to the host . . . the keeper and master of the inn,
And said unto him, take care of him . . . look after him,
And whatsoever thou spendest more . . . any more expense in taking care of him,
When I come again, I will repay thee . . . the Samaritan would pay for any added expense. This matches that which Jesus will do, when He comes again a second time, to judge both the quick and dead; and then He will recompense all for their toil and labor, care and expense.
Luke 10:36 Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves? (KJV)
Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour to him that fell among the thieves? . . . which one: the priest, the Levite or the Samaritan, was a neighbor to the man that was ambushed and robbed?
Luke 10:37 And he said, He that shewed mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise. (KJV)
And he said, he that showed mercy to him . . . correctly meaning the Samaritan; which he was forced to declare, although of another country and religion, and counted as an enemy; yet the case was so plain, as put by Jesus, that the lawyer could not with any honor or conscience, say anything else.
Then said Jesus unto him, Go and do thou likewise . . . absolutely matchless teaching! Consider the fountains of kindness this parable has opened up in the human soul. Kindness and goodness that flow like rivers in the arid wilderness, wonderful streams in the desert of hurt and pain! Think of what this world would be like with absolutely NO kindness or goodness. There is only One who came to bless this heartless world of ours with His incomparable love, bringing great joy into our lives. 1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory: (KJV)
Do you think that this parable, was intended to magnify the law of love? Does it show us who fulfils it and who does not? I think that Jesus and this parable did exactly this, as did NO man ever before. NO priest or Levite had ever healed the diseased, nor bound up the broken (Eze.34:4), while He bound up the brokenhearted (Isa.61:1),
Because the good man was a Samaritan, Jesus makes a strong contrast between those who knew the law and those who truly obeyed the Law in their lives and conduct. When Jesus asks the lawyer: “Which of these three do you think was neighbor to him who fell among the thieves?" The lawyer’s answer clearly his personal hardness of heart. He cannot bring himself to say the word “Samaritan”; he refers to the “good man” as “he who showed mercy.” His hate for the Samaritans (his neighbors) was so strong that he could not even refer to them in a proper way. Jesus then tells the lawyer to “go and do likewise,” meaning that he should start living the way the law tells him to do.
Is there a lesson for us? Absolutely! The Lord Jesus is telling us to follow the Samaritan’s example in our own conduct. We must show compassion and love for all those we encounter in our everyday actions. We are to love others (verse 27) no matter their race or religion. If they have a need, and we can help, we are to do so. This seemed an impossible duty for the lawyer, and for us. We cannot always keep the Law because of our human condition, our heart and desires are constantly of self and selfishness. When we are left to our own, we do the wrong thing, and we fail to obey the Law. I wonder if that lawyer saw this and came to the realize that there was nothing he could do to justify himself, that he must have a personal Saviour to atone for his lack of ability to save himself from his sins (1 Cor.1:30; Rom.5:1). There is more than one lesson in the Parable of the Good Samaritan: #1. Cast aside our prejudice and show love and compassion for others. #2. Our neighbor is anyone whom we meet; for we are all creatures of the Creator and we must love all mankind as Jesus taught. #3. Keeping the Law with the intention of saving ourselves is impossible! We must have a Saviour, and there is only ONE, and that is Jesus! (Jn.3:15-18,36; 14:6; Acts 4:12; 1 Jn.5:10-12). Atonement: (Rom.3:24-26; 4:25; 5:1-2,6-11,15-21; 1 Cor.1:18,23-24; 15:3; 2 Cor.5:18-19; Gal.1:3-4; 4:4-5; Eph.1:7; 2:13-18’ 5:2,25; Col.1:14,19-22; 1 Thes.5:9-10; 1 Tim.2:5-6,14; Heb.2:9,17; 9:12-15,25-26; 10:1-10; 12:24; 13:12,20-21; 1 Pet.1:18-19; 2:24; 3:18; 1 Jn.1:7; 2:2; 3:5; 4:10; 5:6; Rev.1:5; 5:9;7:14; 12:11).
Jesus Enters the Home of Mary and Martha (Luke 10:38-42)
Luke 10:38 Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. (KJV)
Now it came to pass as they went, that he entered into a certain village . . . as Jesus and His apostles went from Jerusalem, having been at the feast of tabernacles (Jn.7:2,10), or the feast of dedication (Jn.10:22), to some other parts of Judea, called Bethany, which was about two miles from Jerusalem (Jn,11:1,18).
And a certain woman named Martha, received him into her house . . . Martha is a common name with the Jews. This Martha is thought to be a widow also, with whom her brother Lazarus, and sister Mary lived. Martha in a very kind and courteous manner, invited Jesus into her house, she having known Christ before, and believed in Him, as the true Messiah.
Luke 10:39 And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus' feet, and heard his word. (KJV)
And she had a sister called Mary . . . Mary was also a common name with the Jews, and is the same with Miriam.
Which also sat at Jesus' feet . . . was a disciple of His, as well as Martha; for it was usual for disciples, or the scholars of the wise men, to sit at the feet of their masters, to which the allusion is in (Deut.33:3; Acts 22:3). "Sat at Jesus’ feet" . . . the phrase expresses her great affection for Christ, her humble manner, and close attention.
And heard his word . . . listened as He taught, for as soon as He entered the house, He began to preach to those that were in it, and those who came along with Him, giving every opportunity for the good of souls. Mary heard Him with great eagerness and diligence, affection and pleasure.
Luke 10:40 But Martha was cumbered about much serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me. (KJV)
But Martha was cumbered about much serving . . . Martha did not attend when Jesus was speaking. She was too busy in providing for Him, and those that came with Him. She was preparing food and ordering her servants, so that she would have everything done, and done properly. She had much on her mind, which distracted her thoughts, taking them off of divine things, and put her in great hurry and concern. Martha was busy in preparing food, sparing no cost nor pains, thinking nothing too good, nor too grand, for such a Guest she had in her house.
And she came to him and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? . . . she came to Jesus, out of the room where she was getting ready the entertainment, into the room where Christ was preaching. She did not sit down at Jesus’ Feet, as Mary did, to hear His words, but stood, as about to go away again, after she had said what she came to say. She applies to Jesus, believing that He would look upon her request as a reasonable thing, and that Mary should take a part with her. A word coming from Jesus would go a long way with her sister Mary. It seems that not only was her complaint of Mary, who had left her to prepare and serve up this entertainment alone; but even of Christ Himself, in some way, as if He had not showed any care and concern in this matter, which she thought was important and necessary.
Bid her therefore that she help me . . . that Mary join and assist with a helping hand in this service; speak but a word to her, give her orders, and she will observe and obey.
Luke 10:41 And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things: (KJV)
And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha . . . calling her by her name, and repeating it, Martha, Martha, which expresses great intimacy and friendship, and much feeling, and, as it seems, pitying her present situation and circumstances.
Thou art careful and troubled about many things . . . indicating, that she was overly anxious, and too concerned, and more thoughtful and concerned than she need be. He did not require such luxurious preparations for Him, and so much attendance. He told Martha that she gave herself too much unnecessary trouble in providing so many things for His entertainment, when much less would have been sufficient. So, instead of joining with her in her request, He rebukes her for her over anxious care and concern, to have a nice and plentiful feast.
Luke 10:42 But one thing is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be taken away from her. (KJV)
But one thing is needful . . . meaning not that just one dish of meat was sufficient, and there was no need for any more, in opposition to Martha's carefulness in preparing many; but rather the hearing of the Word, the Gospel of Christ, which Mary was engaged in; and which, generally speaking, is necessary to the knowledge of Christ, and salvation by Him, and to faith in Him, (Rom.10:14,17), not that this is the only needful thing; nor does Christ say there is just one thing needful, but that there is one thing needful; for there are other things that are also needful, and useful, as meditation and prayer, and submission to the ordinances of baptism, and the Lord's supper, and all the duties of religion: but Christ's meaning seems plainly to be, that Mary hearing the Word from His mouth, and at His feet, was one necessary thing, in opposition to Martha's many unnecessary ones, about which she was burdened.
And Mary hath chosen that good part . . . the good part or portion is Christ Jesus, the sum and substance of the Word she heard, and eternal life and salvation by Him. God Himself is said to be the portion of His people, and a good One he is, and a portion that lasts forever; and so is Christ Jesus (Ps.73:26; Lam.3:24). The heavenly inheritance (1 Pet;1:4-5), also, eternal glory and happiness, is the saints' portion; it is called in (Col.1:12) the part, or portion of the inheritance with the saints in light.
Which shall not be taken away from her . . . by men or devils! Faith which comes by hearing of the Word, and so too, every other grace of the Spirit is what can never be lost; nor an interest in God, as a covenant God, or in Christ as a Saviour, nor a right and title to, nor fitness for eternal life, nor that itself, can be taken away, or can the believer ever be deprived of.
Martha's choice would be taken from her, for her services would die with her; Mary's choice would never be taken from her, it being spiritual and eternal. Both these women were true-hearted disciples, but the one was immersed in the higher, the other in the lower of two ways of honoring their Lord, both which are necessary in serving the Lord.
The Fall of Satan? (Luke 10:18)
Isaiah 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! (KJV)
The prophet is proclaiming the downfall of the king of Babylon, who occupied such a high place in the firmament of imperial power that his overthrow can be compared to the morning star being toppled from Heaven. In the Old Testament, Satan is main prosecutor in the heavenly court, and when he fills this role he does so in the Presence of God and His angels (Job 1:6-2:7; Zec.3:1-5).
I think that when Jesus speaks of seeing Satan's fall from Heaven, He does not mean an event in the distant past. It seems to me that He is thinking of the effect of His ministry at the time. He had sent out seventy of His disciples to spread the announcement that the Kingdom of God had come near, and now they had come back from their mission greatly excited. They said, "Even the demons are subject to us in Your Name!" To this Jesus replied, Luke 10:18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. (KJV) . . . This seems to imply that Jesus was watching for this when suddenly, like a flash of lightning, Satan plummeted . . . whether to earth or down to the abyss is not said. Jesus may be describing an actual vision that He experienced during the mission of the seventy, similar to the vision seen by John of Patmos, when, as he says, war broke out in Heaven. Rev.12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. (KJV)
Jesus' disciples found that the demons, those evil forces that held men and women in bondage, were forced to obey them as they commanded them in Jesus' Name, to come out of those people in whose lives they had taken up residence. This was a sign that the Kingdom of God was conquering the kingdom of evil. Many rabbis believe that at the end of the age, the Messiah would overthrow Satan. The report of the seventy showed that Satan's overthrow had already taken place, and Jesus' vision of his fall from Heaven confirmed this. John's Patmos version of Satan being ejected in the same way indicates that his downfall was the direct result of Jesus' ministry. John 12:31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. (KJV)
The downfall of Satan can be considered as the crucial victory in the campaign; but the campaign itself goes on. Hence Jesus' further words to the exultant disciples: Luke 10:19 Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you. (KJV) . . . The "serpents and scorpions" represent the forces of evil. Because of the work of Christ Jesus, His people can symbolically trample them underfoot and gain the victory over them. The imagery is borrowed from: Psalm 91:13 Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet. (KJV) . . . I do NOT think Jesus’ words mean that we can literally handle snakes in front of a congregation. THAT in my opinion, is tempting the Lord! See: (Mk.16:18).
Paul uses a similar expression when he tells the Christians in Rome that, if they are "wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil," then the God of peace will soon crush Satan under their feet. Rom.16:19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I am glad therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil. 20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen. (KJV)
Finally, the seventy are directed NOT to gloat and glory in their spiritual achievements, for it is there on that road that leads to pride and devastation; they were instead to glory and rejoice in what God has done for them . . . placing their names in the book of life! To have one's name "written in heaven" is to have received God's gift of eternal life (Lk.10:20). Thank You Jesus!
Gospel of Luke
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