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Gospel of Luke Chapter 8
Theme: Jesus gives parables; parable of the sower; parable of the lighted candle; personal relationships; stills the storm; Jesus casts out demons at Gadara; Jesus heals woman with issue of blood; restores to life daughter of Jairus.
Jesus Gives Parables (Luke 8:1-3)
As the Lord Jesus continued His ministry, many people were turning to Him, and some of them were even officials in high up places.
Luke 8:1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village, preaching and shewing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the twelve were with him, (KJV)
And it came to pass afterwards . . . after Jesus had healed the centurion's servant at Capernaum, and had raised a widow's son that was dead, to life at Nain; after John's disciples had been with Him and He had dismissed them, and had said many things in praise of John, and in proof both of him, and of Himself: and after He had taken a meal in a Pharisee's house, where he met with a woman that had been a notorious sinner, who showed great loving affection for Him, which motivated much a dialog between Him and the Pharisee.
That he went throughout every city and village . . . in Galilee, where He was now, as is clear from the previous chapter, and from what follows (verse 26). It seems that it was by the sea of Galilee that He brought the following parable concerning the sower (Mat.13:1).
Preaching, and shewing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God . . . that the Kingdom of God was about to come, or that His reign in the Gospel dispensation was about to be set up over men (Mat.3:2).
And the twelve were with him . . . the twelve apostles, whom Christ had chosen and ordained as such, attended Him wherever He went, that they might be witnesses of His miracles, and learn His doctrines; that so they might be thoroughly furnished for their future ministry, both in Judea and among the Gentiles.
Luke 8:2 And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils, (KJV)
And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils . . . Mary Magdalene is commonly thought to have been a prostitute before she came to know Jesus, and then to have been a amazing penitent. She is said here to have been possessed with seven demons (Mk.16:9); and as was one of the other women who had been healed by Christ of evil spirits and infirmities. It seems possible that Joanna and Susanna, mentioned verse 3, come in for a share of the reproach as Mary Magdalene; for they seem to have been dispossessed likewise by Jesus, according to Luke's account of them. They all had infirmities, of what sort it is not said, and those infirmities were caused by evil spirits within them. Jesus had healed them all: but Mary Magdalene, by her behavior, and constant attendance on Jesus in His life-time, at His crucifixion, and at His grave, seems to have exceeded all the other women in duty and respect to Him. Mary Magdalene: (Mat.27:61; 28:1; Mk.15:40-41,47; 16:1,9; Lk.8:2; 24:10; Jn.19:25; 20:1,11,18). She is called "Mary Magdalene", to separate her from others of the same name (Mat.27:56). She is said to be a widow, and so was not bound to a husband, and was at leisure to follow Christ.
Luke 8:3 And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance. (KJV)
And Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward . . . if the steward of such a godless, cruel and licentious wretch as Herod Antipas (Mk 6:14), differed greatly from himself, his post would be no easy or desirable one. That he was a disciple of Christ seems doubtful, although he might be favorably inclined towards Him. But what we do not know of him, we are sure his wife possessed a love for Jesus.
And Susannah, and many others . . . Susannah was also a name for a woman with the Jews. She, as well as Joanna, and perhaps also Mary Magdalene, were probably wealthy, and persons of substance.
Which ministered unto him of their substance . . . this shows the gratitude of these women, who having received favors from Christ, both for their souls and bodies, make returns to Him out of their worldly substance, in a way of thankfulness.
Parable of The Sower (Luke 8:4-15)
(Mat.13:1-9; Mark 4:1-9)
Luke 8:4 And when much people were gathered together, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parable: (KJV)
And when much people were gathered together . . . to Jesus, as He was by the sea side, the sea of Galilee (Tiberias). (Mat.13:1).
And were come to him out of every city . . . of Galilee, to hear Him preach, and see His miracles.
He spake by a parable . . . the following . . .
Luke 8:5 A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. (KJV)
A sower went out to sow his seed . . . by whom Jesus Christ is chiefly intended; although it is true of every preacher r teacher of the Gospel. "His seed" is found only in Luke.
And, as he sowed, some fell by the wayside . . . along the side of the road where people commonly walked, and so it was packed hard, and the seed lay upon it, and was not received. This represents those who hear the Word, and are not receptive of it, do not take it in, have no understanding of it, and are not interested in it.
And it was trodden down . . . by everyone who passed by, just as the Gospel is preached cynical and sarcastic hearers, is despised and trampled underfoot by them.
And the fowls of the air devoured it . . . birds generally flock to such places where seed is being sown; and here means the devil and his angels, that have their dwelling in the air (Eph.2:2), and are at places of public worship to hinder the usefulness of the ministry of the Gospel.
Luke 8:6 And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. (KJV)
And some fell upon a rock . . . Matthew calls it "stony places" (Mat.13:5), by which are meant those hearers whose hearts are hardened by the deceitfulness of sin, and continue so even with the preaching of the Word unto them.
And as soon as it sprung up . . . as it did forthwith, as Matthew says, and that for this reason, "because it had no deepness of earth"; only a shallow layer of earth over the rock; and means, that these hearers have only a hypocritical knowledge of the word, hastily making a profession of it, which soon comes to nothing.
It withered away, because it lacked moisture . . . Matthew says "when the sun was up, they were scorched"; meaning tribulation and persecution, because the grace of God was insufficient to support them under fiery trials: the reason given in Matthew why it withered, is because it had no root (Mat.13:6).
Luke 8:7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it. (KJV)
And some fell among thorns . . . on ground which had within it the roots of thorns and briars; and mean those hearers who have their hearts filled with worldly cares, and sensual lusts and pleasures.
And the thorns sprang up with it . . . and grew faster than the good seed.
And choked it . . . worldly cares, and sensual lusts and pleasures choked out the Word, making it useless and unprofitable; so that though it lodged for a while, and was professed, yet with the process of time was neglected and dropped; and, as Mark says, "it yielded no fruit" (Mk.4:7); at least none that came to perfection.
Luke 8:8 And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. (KJV)
And other fell on good ground . . . not hardened by being trodden on by the feet of men, not stony, not thorny, but well broken up, fertilized and tilled. This is a symbol of the good, sincere hearers who become so by the Spirit and grace of God. These have a spiritual understanding, and appreciate, enjoy and value what they hear.
And sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold . . .this soil has in its qualities that are opposite of the other three soils. It receives and cherishes the seed; from its depth, allows it to take firm root, and will not lose its moisture; and from its cleanness, gives life to the plant. In this kind of soil the seed "brings forth fruit."
And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear . . . some seeds produced a hundred, others sixty and others thirty times what was planted. I think in this parable, these various increases mean the different degrees of fruitfulness in gracious souls; for although the fruits of grace in believers, are of the same quality, yet NOT all are of the same quantity. Some believers reach maturity quicker than others; while some are but little children, some are young men, some are fathers (1 Jn.2:13-14). (Mat.13:3-9).
Luke 8:9 And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be? (KJV)
And his disciples asked him . . . as Mark says, "when he was alone" (Mk.4:10), after the multitude had departed, and they were by themselves.
Saying, what might this parable be? . . . according to Matthew, they asked why He spoke in parables to the people; and to this question of theirs, the following words are the answer.
Luke 8:10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. (KJV)
And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God . . . the doctrines of the Gospel, which to have spiritual knowledge is a special and tremendous gift from God.
That seeing they might not see, and hearing, they might not understand . . . the Gospel that was delivered to them. They heard externally, but NOT internally. They heard the sound of Christ's voice, but did NOT understand His Words, even when He spoke in the plainest and most logical manner. Neither were they interested to know the meaning of His Words, as a result He spoke to them in this obscure and parabolic way, that they might be what they really were, seers that could not see, hearers that could not hear, that what He said would remain sealed and hidden to them, as the things contained in the sealed book (Dan.12:4) were to the Jews of old. (Mat.13:12-13).
Luke 8:11 Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. (KJV)
Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God . . . the seed is the word of God, the Gospel, as preached by Christ, His apostles, and faithful ministers, which has God for its Author, is concerning the grace of God, and is what He blesses, and makes effective to answer any good purpose.
Luke 8:12 Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. (KJV)
Those by the wayside are they that hear . . . this makes it perfectly clear! The “seed” (verse 11) in the parable of the sower is the Gospel! Here Jesus tells us that the hearers of this Word is described. Anyone, who hears it by chance and externally only; hears the sound of it with his ears . . . BUT does not understand, for these it externally with their physical ears, but NOT internally with their heart.
Then cometh the devil . . . the devil is the symbol the fowls of the air ( verse 5). These hearers are careless and lack concentration, are careless and forgetful; have a small idea of things he hears, but these pass away quickly. His affections are not touched by the Words, but remains as dense and unconcerned as ever. The Words go in one ear and out the other! His heart is not open to receive the Word, but continues hard and stubborn . . . just like the common wayside, packed down by everyone that walks on that road, so hardened that it is not inclined to receive the seed that falls upon it.
And taketh away the word out of their hearts . . . the devil takes away any small memory that is retained in people’s hearts, and distracts their minds away from it by other temporal things, making them forgetful of the Truth they have heard.
Lest they should believe, and be saved . . . this phrase is found only in Luke, and it may be compared with true faith in Christ which brings salvation; with Satan being an enemy to the salvation of souls, doing all that he can to hinder their faith in Jesus. 2 Cor.4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. (KJV) (Mat.13:19).
Luke 8:13 They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away. (KJV)
They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy . . . this “hearer” is different, not just a spur of the moment hearer. This one is a regular hearer of the Word, not one that is careless and lacking concentration, careless and forgetful, but is careful and attentive, and has some understanding of what he hears.
And these have no root . . . the Word takes no root in their hearts, only in their natural affections, so the grace of God cannot take hold in them. There is NO heart work, only fabricated affections of Heaven. These are like the Jews, who rejoiced in the ministry of John the Baptist for a while, and then left him.
Which for a while believe . . . their faith is a temporary one, which is not true faith; for TRUE faith is an abiding grace, who has for its Author, Christ, who is also the finisher of it, and prays for it, that it fail not.
And in the time of temptation fall away . . . these hear and receive the Word, and they do make a profession of their faith . . . but they hold it only for a while, having some confidence of the Truth of it: and having some unsure ideas of it. They have some sparks of natural affection for it, and deliver some outward expressions of pleasure and delight in it, but have no heart to obey the Gospel, so the natural hardness of their heart continues, and it remains unbroken by the Word. There is no true sense of sin, and no repentance for it. These have no deep, spiritual life and true faith, no love, joy and peace. So, because their profession of faith was taken up in such a rush, it does not last long, nor does it prove honorable.
Luke 8:14 And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection. (KJV)
And that which fell among thorns are they . . . thorns represents worldly riches and material things that choke out the seed (Word). This hearer is similar to the thorny ground, on which the seed fell.
Which, when they have heard, go forth . . . not a wicked sinner, nor one who despises and condemns religion, not a persecutor of the saints; but someone that not only shows a love for the Word, but who seems to have his mind renewed by it (Rom.12:2). His conscience seems tender, and his life outwardly reformed. This hearer seems settled, diligent, understanding and affectionate, a believing receiver and professor of it. He seems to have a thorough work of God’s grace upon him, seems to have the fallow ground of his heart broken up, seems to be truly repentant. The thorns are not yet to be seen, but afterwards appear:
And are choked with cares and riches, and pleasures of this life . . . choke the word . . . just as thorns do a field; by growing higher and bigger than the good seed's little plant, and by hiding it from the sun. So too do worldly riches hide the Word from the Sun of Righteousness (Mal.4:2), and rain of grace (2 Cor.4:15; Jam.4:6); and by attracting everything in the heart and mind to themselves.
And bring no fruit to perfection . . . worldly riches are in total opposition to the riches of God’s grace and glory, where there is absolutely NO deceit. Worldly riches deceive and mislead, leading people out of the right way (God's way) . . . and causes them to go the wrong way (Satan’s way), and to err from the faith. Riches NEVER give permanent satisfaction, but are as thorns, sharp to the owners of them, who pierce themselves through with many sorrows (1 Tim.6:10), in getting and keeping them. Mark adds, "and the lusts of other things" (Mk.4:19), and Luke adds, and "pleasures of this life" (Lk.8:14); meaning many other worldly lusts and pleasures, such as the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life (1 Jn.2:16), which too, just like thorns, distract and afflict sooner or later. They are vain, unprofitable and lead to destruction (Mat.7:13). BEWARE!!! And he becometh unfruitful . . . if there be any show of fruit in outward respect to the Word, in a past faith of it, in an external profession, and an outward improvement, it "brings not fruit to perfection". Any of these fruits in the process of time shrivel up, wither away and end up being nothing. (Mat.13:22).
And the cares and riches and pleasures of this life . . . thorns represent the cares, anxieties, and the deceitful lure of riches. The lust for riches can affect anyone! It is the way in where there is a chaotic desire to be rich, which deceives people. This takes away the time and attention that should be paid to the Word, and does NOT give the chance to examine the state of the soul which is much more important that than the physical body. My friend, riches attract and promise what they CANNOT give! They promise to make us happy; but, when gained, happiness does NOT come. The soul is not satisfied, and CANNOT be satisfied with worldly riches (Mat.19-21). There is just the repeated desire to possess more and more wealth. People with this Satanic lust are spiritually SICK! BEWARE . . . to this continued lust, there is no end "but death." Proverbs 11:4 Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivereth from death. (KJV) . . . The devil presents every temptation to make a person dishonest, to cheat, to take advantage of others, to oppress others, and to squeeze the little earnings from the poor. Every evil passion is treasured as the love of gain. It is only common sense that the Word is choked, and every good feeling destroyed, by this "disgusting love of gold." 1 Tim. 6:7-12 For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out.  And having food and raiment let us be therewith content.  But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition.  For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.  But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.  Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses. (KJV) . . . How many foolishly drown themselves in destruction and perdition! How many more might reach Heaven, if it were not for this deep-seated love of riches that fills the mind, deceives the soul, and finally leaves it naked and guilty and eternally lost!
Luke 8:15 But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience. (KJV)
But that on the good ground are they . . . is the hearer where the seed fell onto good ground, it is the person that hears the Word, believes and receives it and understands it. These have a new and spiritual understanding given to them, they feel the power of it on their heart that enlightens and quickens them.
Which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it . . . These have an application of grace made to them by the Spirit of God, and can recognize the worth and excellence of it, and can distinguish the Truth of it from all others; and, as Mark says, "receives it" (Mk.4:20), as the Word of God in faith, and with love of it, and with all readiness and meekness; and, as Luke states here "keeps it". These hearers hold it fast against all opposition and will not part with it in any way, nor depart from it in any way. These do NOT have any doubt about it; they abide by it, stands fast in it, and are bold in it (Pro.28:1); and this he does with "an honest and good heart", which NO man has naturally; and NO man can make his heart so. This is done only by the work of God, and is because of His effective grace. A heart of flesh is made into a new and right heart and spirit, and this heart fears God, loves Him and trusts Him in all things. This new heart is where Christ dwells and where the Spirit of God has His temple (1 Cor.3:16-17), and where the grace of God is implanted. These hear with a firm and honest intention, and in the exercise of God’s grace, and these hold fast the Word that he hears, believes, receives and understands with faith and sincerity.
And bring forth fruit with patience . . . with great constancy, suffering much for the sake of it; and the more they suffer, the more fruitful they are. Which also beareth fruit and bringeth forth, some an hundred fold, some sixty, and some thirty . . . no two people are alike; the fruit each TRUE believer bears differs . . . BUT, you can be sure that a TRUE child of God will bear spiritual fruit! (Ps.1:3; Jer.17:8; Jn.15:2,5; Rom.6:22; Heb.12:11; Gal.5:22-23; Eph.5:9; Phil.1:11; 4:17; Col.1:6; Jam.3:17). The fruit these bear is the true fruit of grace and righteousness, and is ALL from Christ, under the influences of the Holy Spirit (Gal.5:22-26). This fruit issues forth from the glory of God; and although not brought forth in the same quantity in all, it is of the same quality. This fruit is brought forth, as Luke says, "with patience"; continuously and constantly, in all seasons, in old age, all the way unto our death. The good ground symbolizes those who hear the Word, receive it, understand it, and bear fruit. This parable tells us that only one-fourth of the sown seed ever got into good ground. The other three-fourths never did produce anything because those who heard the Word did NOT respond to it. In other words, they were NOT saved. I honestly do not think the percentage is that high. I think it would be closer to one out of ten, if that. Look around! What do you see? With all the tornadoes and acts of violence and terror that has recently taken place, how often do you see just anyone thank God that they were spared? VERY seldom! This is just my opinion. See: (Mat.13:18-23; Mk.4:13-20).
Parable Of The Lighted Candle (Luke 8:16-18)
Luke 8:16 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed; but setteth it on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light. (KJV)
No man, when he hath lighted a candle . . . Christ Jesus, by this, and some well-known sentences following, reveals to His apostles, that although the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven were delivered in parables for the present, that they might not be seen and understood by some; and even though He gave to them the explanation of such parables, as of the above, in a private manner; yet His intention was not that these things should always remain a secret, but as they were the lights of the world, they should communicate them to others; and that the light of the Gospel, and the knowledge of the doctrines of it, which He had imparted to them, were not to be retained and concealed by them, but to be dispersed and spread among others: because no man, when he lights a candle,
Covereth it with a vessel . . . any sort of container, such as a bushel (Mat.5;15).
Or putteth it under a bed . . . whether a bed to sleep on, or a couch to sit or lie upon at meals:
But setteth it on a candlestick . . . a receptacle or instrument made for the purpose of putting in a candle to hold it.
That they which enter in . . . that all that come into the house or room, where it is,
May see the light of it . . . and be enlightened by it. This is true also of the will of Christ Jesus, that what evangelical light and knowledge He bestows on any persons, they should NOT hide it, neither their gifts and talents, nor keep it back from the view of others, but should hold it up boldly, both in their preaching, and in their practice. IF you have professed Jesus as your Saviour and Lord, you must tell others about Him. To not do so is a sin.
Christians are the light of the world. This is a tremendous principle for us. We must be a light in our neighborhood and wherever we go. We have NO light within ourselves, but the Word of God is Light and the more we probe the Bible, the more light we will have to extend to others. Being a light means giving out the Word of God . . . in one way or another. This does NOT mean to quote Scripture all the time, but it does mean that to share the light that God has given you. It is very easy to quietly and graciously introduce people to a Bible-teaching church or radio program. There are many ways in which you can be light in the world. If we live for Christ, we will glow like lights, showing others what Christ is like.
Can we hide our light? YES! We hide our light by: (1) being quiet when we should speak, (2) going along with the crowd, compromising with the world, (3) denying the light by being ashamed of Christ (Mark 8:38), (4) letting sin dim our light, unbelievers are watching us, (5) not explaining our light to others. 1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: (KJV) or (6) ignoring the needs of others. Be a beacon of truth! Do NOT shut your light off from the rest of the world. This verse says that you and I are to let our light so shine in this world that we may glorify our Father which is in heaven.
Luke 8:17 For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad. (KJV)
For nothing is secret that shall not be made manifest . . . His meaning is, whatever was then wrapped in parables and dark sayings, or was said secretly, and in a private manner, and committed to them, should be made clear by them to others hereafter.
Neither any thing hid, that shall not be made known, and come abroad . . . for what had been told to them, in a secret and silent way, was to be told abroad not only in Judea, but in all the world (Mat.28:19-20). (Mat.10:26-27). For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed, and hid, that shall not be known . . . evil men may hide their malice and wickedness for a while, but before long it will all be revealed to their great shame and reproach. The innocence of the followers of Christ may, for some time, be out of sight, and they may be considered as the worst of men; but in time things will turn around and they shall appear in quite another light . . . just as was the Gospel preached and professed by them, upon the housetops (Mat.10:27). Like today, the TRUE Gospel of Christ is little known, lies hidden, and is covered with disgrace by the devil and his children (1 Jn.3:10); but my friend, in the Lord's own good time its light shall break forth, and its power will be made known and made ever so clear to the hearts of men.
Luke 8:18 Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have. (KJV)
Take heed therefore how ye hear . . . Mark 4:24 And he said unto them, Take heed what ye hear: with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you: and unto you that hear shall more be given. (KJV) . . . The one implies the other. This teaching is very important. Jesus tells the apostles they should NOT hear in a careless and negligent manner, because the Truths and doctrines they now hear with the ear, are to be preached by them to others. They must be careful to listen and get it right. Us too!
For whosoever hath . . . meaning to have knowledge of the doctrines of the Gospel, and has gifts and abilities to preach them to others,
To him shall be given . . . more knowledge, and by using his gifts they shall be increased.
But he that hath not . . . if a person does not have true, solid, spiritual knowledge of divine things, even though he has had considerable advantages and opportunities of learning it, as the apostles especially had,
From him shall be taken, even that which he seemeth to have . . . (Mat.13:12) from him shall be taken away, even that he hath . . . (Mat.25:29; Mk.4:24-25; Lk. 8:18; 9:26; 19:24-26). I think this states it pretty well. From him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have . . . everything except the TRUE grace of God is a mere a show, a put on! If a person does not have Jesus in their heart and life, they have nothing that will last, and eventually, all that they have (or think they have), shall be taken away.
Personal Relationships (Luke 8:19-21)
Luke 8:19 Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not come at him for the press. (KJV)
Then came to him his mother and his brethren . . . this was when Jesus was preaching in a house at Capernaum, that his mother, and some of his brothers with her, came from Nazareth to Him. (Mat.13:55). For neither did his brethren believe in him (Jn.7:5). Jesus’ brothers: (Mat.12:46-48; 13:55-56; Mk.3:31; 6:3; Lk.8:19-21; Jn.2:12; 7:3,5,10; Acts 1:14; 1 Cor.9:5; Gal.1:19).
And could not come at him for the press . . . because of the multitude of people that were around Him, that there was no coming near Him, much less have an opportunity to a speak privately with Him.
Luke 8:20 And it was told him by certain which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee. (KJV)
And it was told him by certain which said . . . a certain person said, or one,
Thy mother, and thy brethren, stand without, desiring to see thee . . .and to speak with thee, as in (Mat.12:47).
Luke 8:21 And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it. (KJV)
And he answered and said unto them . . . not to his mother and brethren, but to those that told Him of them, who either intended to rebuke Him with them, or to interrupt Him in His work.
My mother and my brethren are these . . . pointing to His apostles and the multitude,
Which hear the word of God . . . which He had been preaching, and was meant by the seed in the preceding parable.
And do it . . . behave in their lives and conversations agreeably to it; and observe the precepts and ordinances in it; elsewhere called the will of God his Father. (Mat.12:49-50).
Stills the Storm (Luke 8:22-25)
Here we find that when our Lord stops teaching, they go out into the sea. He wants a rest because He is tired. He goes to sleep. And then we see His miracle of His quieting the sea.
Luke 8:22 Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples: and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth. (KJV)
Now it came to pass on a certain day . . . the same day in which He delivered the parable of the sower, in the evening (Mk.4:35),
That he went into a ship with his disciples . . . they followed Him into it (Mat.8:23).
And he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake . . . of Gennesaret, or sea of Galilee:
And they launched forth . . set sail into the sea.
Luke 8:23 But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy. (KJV)
But as he sailed he fell asleep . . . on a pillow, in the hinder part of the ship (Mk.4:38).
And there came down a storm of wind on the lake . . . Mat. 8:24 And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep. (KJV)
And they were filled . . . their ship was filled with water, and the ship was almost sunk or immersed.
And were in jeopardy . . . they were in great danger of their lives, in the utmost danger.
Luke 8:24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm. (KJV)
And they came to him, and awoke him . . . the apostles came from some part of the ship, to the hinder part of it, where Christ was asleep; and by their repeated shrieks and cries, awaked Him out of sleep.
Saying, Master, Master, we perish . . . I imagine they were crying out quite loudly to be heard above the roar of the storm. They wakened Him by their loud and repeated cries, expressing their distress and speed for deliverance saying, "save us, we perish", which shows the anxiety they had of their condition; not only that they were in danger of being lost, but were lost. They saw no possibility of escaping by any natural methods, so they run to Christ, believing that He was able to save them, as they had good reason to conclude, from the miracles they had that day seen performed by Him. (Mat.8:25).
Then he rose, and rebuked the wind, and the raging of the water, and they ceased, and there was a calm . . . (Mat.8:26).
Luke 8:25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him. (KJV)
And he said unto them, Where is your faith? . . . He said to His apostles, who had professed faith in him, but now revealed very little.
And they being afraid, wondered . . . they were filled with the awesome sense of His majesty, were amazed at His power and authority in rebuking the wind and sea, which at once obeyed him, and were still.
Saying one another, What manner of man is this? for he commandeth even the winds and
water, and they obey him. . . they were filled with astonishment and reverence! There was such majesty, such a luster of divine power that they had witnessed. They were abundantly convinced of His deity and dignity. Surely He must be more than just a mere man; He can be none other than the mighty God, for even the winds and the sea obey him. NO mortal man can control the elements. Only the power of Almighty God can control that which He had created. (Mat.8:26-27; Mk.4:41). http://www.hisservants.org/is_jesus_god_h_s.htm
Jesus Casts Out Demons at Gadara (Luke 8:26-40) (Mat.8:28-34; Mark 5:1-20)
Now the Lord Jesus comes to Gadara where a maniac lived who was possessed by demons. Because he was a doctor, Luke digs deeper into this story, more so than the other writers do.
Luke 8:26 And they arrived at the country of the Gadarenes, which is over against Galilee. (KJV)
And they arrived at the country of the Gadarenes . . . in (Mat.8:28), it is called the country of the Gergesenes. (Mk.5:1).
Which is over against Galilee . . . from where the ship launched, and Christ and His apostles came.
Luke 8:27 And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes, neither abode in any house, but in the tombs. (KJV)
And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man . . . when Christ and His apostles came out of the ship, and went ashore, there a certain man of the city met Him. This man was an inhabitant of Gadera, or some city nearby; who had been born and brought up, and had lived there. For it is certain that he did not now come out of the city, but out of the tombs, as in (Mat.8:28; Mk.5:2), and to which agrees the account of him that follows here.
And wore no clothes . . . but went naked, and when any were put upon him, would tear them in pieces.
Neither abode in any house, but in the tombs . . . Mark 5:3 Who had his dwelling among the tombs; and no man could bind him, no, not with chains. (KJV)
Luke 8:28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not. (KJV)
When he saw Jesus . . . even at some considerable distance, he ran towards Him (Mk.5:6).
He cried out, and fell down before him . . . meaning the man possessed with the devil did so, under his impulse, and through his agitation of him.
And with a loud voice said . . . the unclean spirit in the man spoke:
What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God, most high? I beseech thee torment me not . . . Matthew 8:29 And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time? (KJV)
Luke 8:29 (For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven of the devil into the wilderness.) (KJV)
For he had commanded the unclean spirit . . . the one that had the rest of the devils under his authority, and power,
To come out of the man . . . this Jesus had done, either before, or just as He came up to him. (Mk.5:8).
For oftentimes it had caught him . . . possessed him, and worked so strongly in him, and with so much fury, that there was no governing him.
And he was kept bound with chains and fetters . . . attempts were made to bind him, and keep him bound, but in vain, for he broke the bands. (Mk.5:4).
And was driven of the devil into the wilderness . . . into some desert and desolate place, where were the tombs and sepulchers of the dead; this was done by the prince of the legion, Satan.
Luke 8:30 And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said, Legion: because many devils were entered into him. (KJV)
And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? . . . this question was put, not out of ignorance in Christ, but for the sake of those that were with Him; and partly, because of the miserable condition of this man might be the more known; and partly, that His own power might be the more manifest in the dispossessing the demons.
And he said, Legion, because many devils were entered into him . . . (Mk.5:9).
Luke 8:31 And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep. (KJV)
And they besought him . . . And he besought him much . . . the devil who had the rest under his command, pleaded with Jesus. This demonstrates the authority Christ has over the devils, and their subjection to Him. They are not only forced to leave their former possession, when He gives orders, but they cannot go anywhere else, or where they wanted to, without His permission. Although the man they were in, could not be bound and held with chains and fetters of iron, because of the great strength they put forth in him . . . yet these devils themselves are bound and held in chains, and cannot move without Christ's permission. (2 Pet.2:4; Jude 1:6). These demons, and those people who hold the devil as their master, are truly called the children of the devil (1 Jn.3:10), and do the lusts of him their father (Jn.8:44).
That he would not send them away out of the country . . . they begged Jesus, that if He was going to dispossess them from that man, would He allow them to stay in that country, and not drive them completely away from there. They wanted to be in a Heathen country, inhabited by the blind Gentiles, that knew not God, or apostate Jews (Isa.42:18) . . . for there, their power and authority was very great.
That he would not command them to go out into the deep . . . not meaning the deep waters of the sea, for thither they ran the swine at their own request; but the bottomless pit of Hell (Rev.9:1,2,11), where others of these spirits lay in chains of darkness (2 Pet.2:4; Jude 1:6). When they went out of this man, they did not want to be ordered there, for they knew that if He gave the command, they must obey, so they asked that they might be allowed to continue in that country, and roam about on earth, or be anywhere, rather than in Hell.
Luke 8:32 And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain: and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them. (KJV)
And there was there an herd of many swine . . . it must have been a big herd, for there were about 2000 hogs there. (Mk.5:13).
Feeding on the mountain . . . there was there, near the mountains, where this demon possessed man often was, the mountains of Galaad, which ran through that country, or the mountains that surrounded Tiberias. (Mk.5:11).
And they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them . . . these demons could NOT leave to go anywhere, without Jesus’ permission, and He allowed them to go. (Mk.5:12-13).
Luke 8:33 Then went the devils out of the man, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake, and were choked. (KJV)
Then went the devils out of the man . . . being allowed by the power of Jesus, against their wills, having had possession of the man for a long time.
And entered into the swine . . . possessed the swine.
And the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake . . . the lake of Gennesaret and the sea of Galilee, are the same.
And were choked . . . in the waters, and died, as the one version states. This proves that demons can go out of one body into others of their own will and they can be cast out (Mat.12:43).
When Jesus cast the demons out of this man, they were willing to go into the bodies of the pigs rather than go into the abyss. But, do you see that the pigs would rather be dead than have the demons indwell them!
Luke 8:34 When they that fed them saw what was done, they fled, and went and told it in the city and in the country. (KJV)
When they that fed them saw what was done . . . that the devils went out of the man possessed by them, and entered into the herd of swine, which became mad and ran frantically down the cliff into the sea, and were drowned.
They fled, and went and told it in the city, and in the country . . . as persons terrified, by these uncommon and surprising events, and afraid to see the owners of the swine, they told what happened in the city and the countryside.
Luke 8:35 Then they went out to see what was done; and came to Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid. (KJV)
Then they went out to see what was done . . . the inhabitants of the city, and villages, and houses in the fields. People went out to see with their own eyes what the swine herders had related to them, concerning the man that had been possessed with devils, and what was become of the swine.
And came to Jesus . . . where He was, which was not far from the sea shore.
And found the man out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus . . . quiet and calm, in a humble posture, and as a disciple of Christ, receiving instructions from Him.
Clothed, and in his right mind, and they were afraid . . . before this, the demoniac had not worn any clothes (verse 27), and he had been constantly in motion. Now he is sitting still; they have put clothes on him which he wore quietly; and he was in his right mind. The remark that he was "in his right mind," implies that he had been insane, as he certainly was, because of the demon possession. (Mk.5:15).
Luke 8:36 They also which saw it told them by what means he that was possessed of the devils was healed. (KJV)
They also which saw it . . . the apostles of Christ, and/or the men of the ship, or persons who lived near by in the fields, who were eyewitnesses of what happened.
Told them by what means he that was possessed of the devils was healed . . . gave a specific account, how, on first sight of Christ, the man ran to meet Him, and fell down and worshipped Him, and how Christ ordered the unclean spirit to come out of him; and how he was dispossessed of a legion of devils by just speaking, and also concerning the swine . . . how, at the request of the devils, and by the permission of Christ, they entered into the swine, and then they ran madly over a cliff into the sea. (Mat.5:16).
Luke 8:37 Then the whole multitude of the country of the Gadarenes round about besought him to depart from them; for they were taken with great fear: and he went up into the ship, and returned back again. (KJV)
Then the whole multitude . . . for it seems, a very large number of people were now gathered together, from all parts of the country, upon the report of the swine herds, who fled, it is very likely, some one way, and some another:
Of the country of the Gadarenes round about . . . of the country that was round about Gadara, and they all, with one accord,
Besought him to depart from them, for they were taken with great fear . . . lest they should suffer other and greater losses, than the loss of the swine. They all, choosing rather that the devils should be retained among them, than Christ continue with them.
And he went up into the ship . . . He granted their request at once; not wanting to stay with such ungrateful people, who loved their pigs more than Him.
And he returned back again . . . to Galilee, after a short talk with the dispossessed man; having stayed but a very small time in that place, for he had just landed as it were, and had not proceeded far from the seashore. (Mat.8:34).
Luke 8:38 Now the man out of whom the devils were departed besought him that he might be with him: but Jesus sent him away, saying, (KJV)
Now the man out of whom the devils were departed . . . realizing the power of Jesus, and of the blessed miracle he had received from Him, was of quite a different mind than his countrymen, and
Besought him that he might be with him . . . (Mk.5:18).
But Jesus sent him away . . . from Him, into the country,
Saying . . . as follows.
Luke 8:39 Return to thine own house, and shew how great things God hath done unto thee. And he went his way, and published throughout the whole city how great things Jesus had done unto him. (KJV)
Return to thine own house . . . which very likely was in the city of Gadara, whither he went, and throughout the whole of which he published the account of the dispossession of the devils from him: Mark adds, "to thy friends"; relations, acquaintance, and countrymen:
And show how great things God hath done unto thee . . . He tells him go to his "own house", to the place where he lived before the demonic possession, where his father and mother, brethren and sisters, wife and children might live; and tell them what great things the Lord had done for him . . . casting out a legion of devils from him, and restoring him to his perfect senses and health, telling them that the Lord had had great compassion on him, both as of his soul and his body, and had brought a great salvation to him.
My dear friend, so too it should be with ALL who are called by His grace (Gal.5:1; 1 Pet.5:10), and are turned from darkness to light and from the power of Satan unto God (Acts 26:18; 1 Pet.2:9). These too should go to their homes, their friends, and to the church of God and proclaim the great things which God has done for their souls! He enlightens, He quickens, He converts and He comforts them . . . to the glory of His rich mercy and abundant grace (2 Cor.4:15; 1 Tim.1:14). These are "great things" indeed which the Lord has done for His people here and now, and He has done great things for them in eternity; He has loved then with an everlasting love (Jer.31:3); he has chosen them in His Son to holiness (Eph.1:6; 1 Pet.2:9); He has made a covenant with Himself for them, full of spiritual blessings and promises. He has provided Christ Jesus as a Redeemer and Saviour for them. We must tell of this to others!
And he went his way . . . he lovingly obeyed the orders of Jesus.
And published throughout the whole city . . . of Gadara, and not only there, but in the rest of the ten cities, called Decapolis (Mk.5:19-20).
How great things Jesus had done unto him . . . having cast out a legion of devils from him, clothed him, and restored him to his right mind; and had not only delivered his body from a diabolical possession, but had given him spiritual and saving instructions for his soul, on which he had wrought a real work of grace.
Luke 8:40 And it came to pass, that, when Jesus was returned, the people gladly received him: for they were all waiting for him. (KJV)
And it came to pass, that when Jesus was returned . . . from the country of the Gadarenes, to the other side of the sea of Tiberias, to Galilee; and particularly to his own city, Capernaum. (Mat.9:1).
The people gladly received him . . . these were completely different from those He had just left; considering the benefits they received from him, both by His ministry and His miracles; and which was the reason of their receiving Him with such joy and gladness.
For they were all waiting for him . . . on the shore, looking very eagerly for Him, being very earnest in their desire of His speedy return to them; having many there that wanted His assistance, both for their souls and bodies, of which the following are examples.
Restores To Life Daughter Of Jairus (Luke 8:41-56)
Jesus Heals Woman with Issue of Blood
Luke 8:41 And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought him that he would come into his house: (KJV)
And behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue . . . he had heard of Jesus’ return, and where he was (Mat.9:18). A man named Jairus, which is no doubt a Jewish name, since he was a ruler of the synagogue; and besides, it is often mentioned in the Old Testament, and particularly in (Est.2:5). Matthew makes no mention of this man’s name; but both Luke and Mark (Mk.5:22).
And he fell down at Jesus' feet . . . as soon as Jairus came into Jesus’ Presence; even though he was a person of great authority; he had heard much about the doctrine and miracles of Christ, and believing He was a great Prophet and Man of God; although he might not know that he was the Messiah, and truly God, threw himself at His Feet; and, as Matthew says, showing great reverence and humility, and as Matthew says, "worshipped him" (Mat.9:18); if not in a religious, yet in a civil way.
And besought him that he would come into his house . . . which was some distance from there, as appears by what follows.
Luke 8:42 For he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she lay a dying. But as he went the people thronged him. (KJV)
For he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age . . . and exceedingly dear to him. (Mat.9:18).
And she lay a dying . . . or was near death.
But as he went the people thronged him . . . along the streets of Capernaum, from Matthew's house; where He had been entertained with His apostles, and others, and where He had a conversation with some of the Pharisees and John's disciples. Such a vast multitude followed Him to see the cure, that He was crowded, and so pressed on all sides, that it was difficult to walk.
Luke 8:43 And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any, (KJV)
And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years . . . there was a woman in the city of Capernaum; (Mat.9:20).
Which had spent all her living upon physicians . . . she had applied to one physician, then another, and had spent all she had.
Neither could be healed of any . . . although she had followed the directions and prescriptions of many doctors, who pretended they were able to cure her. She had brought herself to poverty, by following the directions given her. She no longer could pay another doctor. Nothing bettered, but rather grew worse . . . none of the doctors, or the medicine they prescribed did any good, but she worsened daily. She had an incurable disease that NO worldly doctor could heal.
This is often the case of people who in some degree, realize the disease of sin, but are unaware or uninformed of the proper methods to be taken to cure of it. They apply their own works of righteousness, to the so-called duties of religion (ceremonies and rites), to a repentance of external humiliation and tears, and an outward renovation of their life. This is like going to a doctor for an incurable disease! The world CANNOT heal the disease of sin! Just JESUS can heal you! And He heals from the inside out! (Mk.5:26).
Luke 8:44 Came behind him, and touched the border of his garment: and immediately her issue of blood stanched. (KJV)
Came behind him, and touched the border of his garment . . . her faith urged her to move up behind Jesus in the crowd of people. She was too ashamed to come before Him, and tell Him her case. She thought if she touched the border of his garment, she might be healed. The fringe the Jews were obligated to wear at the bottom of their garments (Num.15:38; Deut.22:12), and which was what the more religious people did, for by this they were distinguished from the common people. (Mat.9:20). This woman was persuaded in her own mind, if she could but touch the clothes of Christ, she should be healed, and as a result, she was . . .
And immediately her issue of blood staunched . . . stopped, and was dried up. (Mk.5:28-29).
Luke 8:45 And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me? (KJV)
And Jesus said, Who touched me? . . . He knew exactly who had touched Him in this manner! He turned towards the woman behind Him, even though the multitude was crowded all around Him. He asked who had touched His clothes; NOT for His own sake, for He knew very well who had done it. He asked that the cure might be known to others . . . NOT for the sake of display and popular applause, but for the display of His glory, and for the glory of God . . . and also to strengthen the faith of Jairus, who was with Him, and with whom He was going to raise his daughter to life. I also think it might have been to reveal this woman’s faith, and praising it, and of confirming the cure done, and of dismissing her with great pleasure and joy. (Mk.5:30).
When all denied . . . both the apostles and the multitude, those who were near Him, all except the woman, who that as soon as she had touched His garment, and received her cure, drew further away.
Peter, and they that were with him . . . the rest of the apostles, who were with Him in the company together.
Said, Master, the multitude throng thee, and press thee, and sayest thou, who touched me? . . . they seem astonished at Jesus’ question. Since there the crowd around Him, was pressing in on Him from every side, He would have been touched by many! To ask who touched Him, seemed a very strange and unnecessary question. . . . BUT . . . none of them had pulled from Jesus the healing power the woman did. (Mat.5:31).
Luke 8:46 And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me: for I perceive that virtue is gone out of me. (KJV)
And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me . . . not in a common and accidental way, but with a plan in mind, and in the strength of faith.
For I perceive that virtue is gone out of me . . . power from Him for the cure of the person that had touched Him. (Lk.6:19).
Luke 8:47 And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling, and falling down before him, she declared unto him before all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately. (KJV)
And when the woman saw that she was not hid . . . from Jesus in the midst of the crowd, nor the thing that she had done.
She came trembling . . . fearing the anger and resentment of Jesus, and lest the cure might be revoked. (Mk.5:33).
And falling down before him . . . in the most humble manner, fell at His feet and worshipped Him, giving Him the glory of the cure, and the appreciation of it. Falling down before him . . . Jesus did not point her out, even though He knew who she was, nor did He call her by her name, although He could have done it (Lk.12:7; Jn.1:48; 4:29), and could have ordered her to come to Him, and account for her conduct.
She declared unto him before all the people . . . the whole truth of the matter, a disease she had been tortured with for so long, and what different things she had tried, all to no avail.
For what cause she had touched him . . . because she had no success anywhere to receive a cure, she believed in faith, she could have a cure in touching the garment of Jesus.
And how she was healed immediately . . . and, she did receive a cure, immediately, as soon as she had touched Him.
Luke 8:48 And he said unto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace. (KJV)
And he said unto her . . . instead of reproving her, or showing any anger or resentment at her, as she feared, He speaks to her in a very kind, soft and tender manner.
Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole . . . because of her faith in Jesus, she received the cure from Him . . . BUT . . . it was not her act of faith that either merited or obtained it, it was by His power . . . He being the Object of her faith, was what achieved the cure! Thy faith hath made thee whole . . . both from her bodily disease, and from her sins. It was not faith, but Christ, Who is the Author and Cause of spiritual salvation that healed her. Our faith looks to Christ for salvation, and receives every blessing of it from Him, such as: love, righteousness, peace, pardon, adoption, and eternal life. Believers are saved by God’s grace, through our faith. When we exercise the grace of God given to us, we have the hope, joy and comfort of salvation NOW (Jn.5:24); and through it we are kept, by the power of God, unto the full possession of it when we move on to our new life (Jn.14:1-6; 1 Pet.1:1-5). Fruits of the Spirit: (Ps.1:3; 92:14; Hos.14:8; Gal.5:16-18; 22-23; Phil.1:11; 2 Tim.2:25; Mat.12:33; Lk.8:140-15; 13:9; Jn.15:5,16; Rom.6:22; 7:4; Eph.5:9; Phi.1:11; Col.1:10)
Go in peace . . . the Lord Jesus told the very confused woman to go in peace! He wanted health and happiness to go with her. He wanted no uneasy thoughts about what had happened to dwell in her mind. Peace is always the result of faith in Christ, of pardon through His Blood, and salvation in Him. This is the ONLY Way we can achieve true, spiritual and solid peace. Peace begins by believing God (1 Jn.5:10-13); it is the fruit of the Spirit (Gal.5:22), and is an outcome of justification by faith in Christ's righteousness (Rom.5:1; 1 Cor.1:30). Those who are blessed in this manner, and walk in a sense of these things, go in peace all their days, and at last enter into peace, even into the joy of their Lord (Isa.29:19).
Mark 5:34 adds: And be whole of thy plague . . . the woman was completely healed and whole already. These words were just added by Jesus to confirm it, and assure her that she would remain so, no more be afflicted with that dreaded chastisement. When our sin is pardoned, there shall be NO condemnation come upon that pardoned sinner . . . he/she is whole and sound, and shall be NO more sick, neither die the second death (Rev.2:11; 20:6,14; 21:8). Forgiveness, pardon: (Isa.43:25;44:22; Je.33:8; Ps.65:3; 103:12; Mic.7:18-19; Acts 13:38-39; Rom.11:27; Eph.1:7; Col.1:14; Heb.8:12; 10:17; 1 Jn.1:7-9; 2:1-2; Rev.1:5).
Luke 8:49 While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue's house, saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master. (KJV)
While he yet spake . . . the above things to the healed woman, commending her on her faith, and for her future encouragement, peace, and comfort in soul and body.
There cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue's house . . . one version reads: "from the ruler of the synagogue", another reads: "there came to the ruler of the synagogue". Luke just says but of "one" that came, while Mark suggests there were more. There is no contradiction; because Luke does not say there was just one; so there may have been more that came with the news, although just one spoke, as the mouth of the rest. (Mk.5:35).
Saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master . . . these brought him the news that his daughter had actually died, which he himself had already feared
Luke 8:50 But when Jesus heard it, he answered him, saying, Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole. (KJV)
But when Jesus heard it, he answered him . . . the message that was brought to the ruler, and that it was needless to give Jesus any further trouble.
Saying, Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole . . . do not be discouraged, do not distrust My power to help thee. IF a man can just believe, he has no reason to fear; for there is NOTHING that His almighty power cannot do! It can raise the dead, there is nothing can stand in its way, or stop it. Faith in Him overcomes difficulties which are unsurmountable to carnal sense and reason! BELIEF was the provision and foundation of Abraham's faith; so he was strong in exercising it, and believed in hope against hope, because he was fully persuaded that God was able to perform what He had promised (Rom.4:18-21).
This ruler had expressed some faith in Jesus, that his daughter, though at the point of death, would be healed by Him and live, IF Jesus would just come and lay His hands on her. Jesus had agreed to go with him, and had given him an indication that He would restore her. The ruler had nothing to do except to believe in Jesus, that even though she was dead, He would be able to raise her from the dead.
These words "only believe" . . . is this not a simple thing to do? How hard can it be? Even though there is much encouragement in the power and will of Christ . . . faith is NOT of a man's own effort! It is the gift of God, and the operation of His Spirit; and the lively and peaceful exercise of it is owing to the influence of efficacious grace. Gift of God: (Jn.4:10; Acts 8:20; Rom.5:15; 6:23; 11:29; 1 Cor.7:7; Eph.2:8; 2 Tim.1:6). When Christ, Who is the Author and Finisher of faith, says "believe" or "only believe" . . . there has to be power that goes along with His words.
Luke 8:51 And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in, save Peter, and James, and John, and the father and the mother of the maiden. (KJV)
And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in . . . Jesus dismissed the multitude, for He did not want the honor and applause of men. Probably what He said to the ruler was private, with a low voice, so that the multitude did not hear Him.
Save Peter, James and John . . . Mark 5:37 stays: Save Peter, and James, and John, the brother of James . . . these three favorite disciples, who were a sufficient number of witnesses; and who were taken alone along with Christ on some other occasions, as at His transfiguration, and when in the garden. Peter, James and John: (Mat.10:2; 17:1; Mk.5:37;9:2; 14:33; Lk.6:14; 8:51; Acts 1:13)
And the father and mother of the maiden . . . these also were admitted.
Luke 8:52 And all wept, and bewailed her: but he said, Weep not; she is not dead, but sleepeth. (KJV)
And all wept and bewailed her . . . not only her relations and friends, and the servants of the house, but the mourning women, that were hired on this occasion, and employed for this purpose.
But he said, Weep not; she is not dead, but sleepeth . . . Mark says: The damsel is not dead, but sleepeth . . . not as though she were truly dead, but NOT so as to remain under the power of death. She was like a person in a sleep, who would in a little while be awaked out of it: and which was very easily performed by Christ, just as if she had been only in a natural sleep. (Mat.9:24; Mk.5:39).
Luke 8:53 And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead. (KJV)
And they laughed him to scorn . . . the servants, neighbors and relatives, the pipers, and mourning women: these, go from weeping for the dead, to laughing at Christ, having Him and His words in the utmost scorn and contempt.
Knowing that she was dead . . . some of them having been employed in laying her out, and all of them having seen her, and were satisfied, and thoroughly assured, that she was actually dead, as she doubtlessly was . . . but they were ignorant in what sense Christ meant she was not dead, but asleep.
Luke 8:54 And he put them all out, and took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise. (KJV)
And he put them all out . . . of the room, where the maiden lay, all the mourners and pipers; all except the parents of the child, and His three apostles.
And took hereby the hand, and called . . . in the Syriac language, "Talitha cumi", as it is in (Mk.5:41).
Saying; Maid, arise . . . Mark 5:41 Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say unto thee, arise . . . the phrase, "I say unto thee", is not part of the interpretation of the above Syriac words; but is added, by Mark, as being what was said by Christ at this time, signifying His authority and power over death. The Syriac language, which was then commonly spoken by the Jews and well understood. (Mat.9:25).
Luke 8:55 And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he commanded to give her meat. (KJV)
And her spirit came again . . . her soul, which was departed from her, upon the all-powerful voice of Christ, returned to her body; revealing that the soul is immortal, and dies not with the body; that it does exist in a separate state from it after death, and will hereafter re-enter the body, and be again united to it in the resurrection, of which this instance was a kind of pledge and symbol. Where her spirit was during this time of separation, is not necessary for us to know. It would be foolish for us to ask; it is sufficient to agree with the Scripture: Ecc.12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. (KJV) . . . And by whom it was sent back to its body again!
And she arose straightway . . . Mark 5:42 says: And straightway the damsel arose, and walked . . . as soon as the above words were spoken by Jesus, such an almighty power went along with them, that the child returned to life. She raised up from the bed, got up and walked around the room in perfect health and strength.
And he commanded to give her meat . . . which was done, partly to show not only that she was alive, but that her disorder was removed, and her appetite restored, and that she could eat and drink, as she had done before her illness; and partly, to observe that she was raised not to an immortal life, as none were before Christ, but to an animate life, which was to be supported by eating and drinking, and so a mortal one. (Mk.5:43). Her little body had no doubt been wasted away by sickness, and, although restored to life, was still shrunken. It was now to be strengthened by natural means, and this was promptly done by the command of Jesus.
Luke 8:56 And her parents were astonished: but he charged them that they should tell no man what was done. (KJV)
And her parents were astonished . . . at the miracle that was done, to see their child restored to life; to see her arise, walk and eat, being in perfect health and strength, and no more sickness.
But he charged them that they should tell no man what was done . . . immediately, while He was still on the spot. This thing could NOT be very long concealed. It was not to be expected that all, or even any of them, would be entirely silent in reference to the event, but this charge would have a restraining influence, and would prevent much of the popular excitement which might otherwise result. It is amazing that we do not read of a single example where Jesus was asked to raise the dead. This may be accounted for in part by this charge of privacy, indicating that He did NOT wish to be harassed for this exercise of His power.
There is a wide variety of possible symptoms of demon possession, such as a physical impairment that cannot be ascribed to an actual physical problem, a personality change such as depression or aggression, supernatural strength, immodesty, antisocial behavior, and perhaps the ability to share information that one has no natural way of knowing. It is important to note that nearly all, if not all, of these characteristics may have other explanations, so it is important not to label every depressed person or epileptic individual as demon-possessed. On the other hand, I do not think that Western cultures do not take Satanic involvement in people’s lives seriously enough.
In addition to these physical or emotional distinctions, one can also look at spiritual features showing demonic influence. These may include a refusal to forgive (2 Cor.2:10-11) and the belief in and spread of false doctrine, especially concerning Christ Jesus and His atoning work (2 Cor.11:3-4,13-14; 1 Tim.4:1-5; 1 Jn.4:1-3).
Concerning the involvement of demons in the lives of Christians, the apostle Peter is an illustration of the fact that a believer can be INFLUENCED by the devil (Mat.16:23), but NOT possessed by him! Some refer to Christians who are under a strong demonic influence as being “demonized,” but NEVER is there an example in the Bible of a believer in Christ being possessed by a demon. Most theologians believe that a Christian CANNOT be possessed because he has the Holy Spirit abiding within (1 Cor.6:19; 2 Cor.1:22; 5:5), and the Spirit of God would NOT share residence with a demon. 1 John 4:4 Ye are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world. (KJV)
The Bible does NOT tell us exactly how a person opens himself up for demon possession. IF Judas’ case is symbolic, he opened his heart to evil . . . and with him, it was greed (Mat.26:15; Jn.12:6). It may be possible that IF a person keeps on in some habitual sin, it becomes an open invitation for a demon to come in! Missionaries seem to think that demon possession also seems to be related to the worship of heathen idols and the possession of occult materials. Scripture repeatedly relates idol worship to the actual worship of demons (Lev.17:7; Deut.32:17; Ps.106:37; 1 Cor.10:20), so it should not be shocking that involvement with idolatry could lead to demon possession.
It seems that many people simply open their lives up to demon involvement through the embracing of some sin or through some cultic participation, either knowingly or unknowingly. Examples of this can include continual immoral sin such as adultery, fornication, sodomism, drug/alcohol abuse that alters one’s state of consciousness, rebellion, bitterness, and transcendental (mystical) meditation.
There is something to consider: Satan and his evil host can do NOTHING the Lord does not allow them to do (Job 1-2). Since this is the case, Satan, thinking he is accomplishing his own purposes, is actually accomplishing God’s good purposes, as in the case of Judas’ betrayal. Some people develop an unhealthy fascination with the occult and demonic activity. This is very unwise and unbiblical. IF we pursue God, IF we are clothing ourselves with His armor and relying on His strength (Eph.6:10-18), we have nothing to fear from the evil ones, for God rules over all!
The story of Jesus casting the legion of demons into a herd of pigs is found in Matthew 8:30-37; Mark 5:1-20; and Like 8:27-38. Only Matthew mentions the more prominent of the two demoniacs involved. Demoniacs were persons whose minds were under the control of an evil spirit or spirits. That such occurrences were especially noticeable during the days of Christ’s earthly ministry is consistent with Satan’s efforts to frustrate God’s program. It also lets us see and understand the spiritual warfare in which our Saviour was constantly involved. All the demons knew EXACTLY Who Jesus was . . . "the Son of God" . . . and they all were aware of their ultimate doom (Mat.8:28-29).
This man was controlled by demons and lived among the tombs. With the physical strength the demons gave the man, he was able to break and throw off the chains with which people tried to bind him. When the demons begged Jesus to let them go into a herd of pigs, He gave them permission. They entered the pigs, which rushed down the steep cliff into the lake, and were drowned. Jesus thus made known His authority and frustrated whatever evil purpose the demons had.
Why the demons begged to be allowed to enter the swine is unclear. Maybe they did not want to leave the area where they had been successful with their mischief among the people there. Maybe they were drawn to the unclean animals (Deut.14:8), because of their own filthiness. It is possible that the demons may have made this strange request because it was their last chance to avoid confinement in the Abyss, the place of confinement to which evil spirits are doomed (Rev.9:1-6). Whatever their reason, it is quite clear that demons had little power of their own and were unable to do anything without Jesus’ permission. As Christians, we can take comfort in knowing that the forces of the enemy of our souls are under the complete control of God and can only act in ways that He allows.
The Bible does not tell us Jesus’ reason, but displaying His sovereign power over demons could be one reason why Jesus sent them into the pigs. If the pigs’ owners were Jews, Jesus could have been rebuking them for violating Mosaic law which forbids Jews from eating or keeping unclean animals such as swine (Lev.11:7). If the swine herds were owned by Gentiles, perhaps Jesus was using this incredible event to show them the malice of evil spirits under whose influence they lived, as well as displaying His own power and authority over Creation. The owners were so terrified to be in the Presence of such spiritual power that they made NO demand for restitution for the loss of their property and begged Jesus to leave the region. The people were awe-struck but totally unrepentant . . . they wanted no more of Christ Jesus. This reveals the hardness of their hearts and their desire to keep on in sin.
But, the healed demoniac, demonstrated the true faith and repentance of a changed heart and begged to be allowed to follow Jesus. The unmistakable difference between the saved and the unsaved was an object lesson for the apostles and all who witnessed the event. Jesus sent the healed man away, giving him a commission that he joyfully obeyed: "Go home to your family and tell them how much the Lord has done for you, and how he has had mercy on you" (Mk.5:17-20).
Mark chapter 5 is the same as that of the parallel section in Matthew chapter 8. It proves the divine power of Jesus by showing that He could control by a Word, the winds and the waves of the sea. His power could direct and force the movements of demons; it could, just by His touch remove incurable diseases; and it could instantly raise the dead. In fact, it proves the abundance of His power to save, to the uttermost, ALL those who humble themselves and come to Him. My dear friend, His awesome and mighty power proves that ALL the dangers to which we are exposed, be it the forces of the physical world, the spite and malice of evil spirits, the power of disease, or the hand of death, all can be stopped at His command IF He so chooses. But it is my opinion, that He does NOT heal everyone who asks. 2 Cor.12:7-9 And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. 8 For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. 9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. (KJV) . . . IF the godly apostle Paul was denied healing, we may be too. We simply must trust God and humbly accept His decisions for us. My friend, IF it is NOT God’s will, we do NOT want it! BUT . . . if He chooses not to heal us for some reason, He will walk with us through our trouble, no matter what it is! Trust Him! Hebrews 13:5 Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee. (KJV) . . . Live your life without greed, be content with what God has given you. Trust that He is always nearby, because He is!
Gospel of Luke
ch.1 . . ch.2 . . ch.3 . . ch.4 . . ch.5 . . ch.6 . . ch.7 . . ch.8 . . ch.9 . . ch.10 . . ch.11 . . ch.12 . . ch.13 . . ch.14 . . ch.15 . . ch.16 . . ch.17 . . ch.18 . .ch.19. . ch.20 . . ch.21 . . ch.22 . . ch.23 . . ch.24