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Second Letter to Timothy
Seven figures of speech used to describe the duty and the activity of a believer:
A son (2 Tim.2:1)
A soldier (2 Tim.2:3-4)
An athlete (2 Tim.2:5)
A farmer (2 Tim.2;6-14)
A workman, teacher (2 Tim.2:15-19)
A vessel (2 Tim.2:20-23)
A servant (2 Tim.2:24-26
Four Faithful Sayings
1. If we be dead with Him, we shall live with Him (2Tim. 2:11; Rom. 6:8; 2Cor. 5:15).
2. If we suffer, we shall also reign with Him (2Tim. 2:12; Rom. 8:17-18).
3. If we deny Him, He also will deny us (2Tim. 2:12; Mk. 8:38; Lk. 9:26).
4. If we believe not, He remains faithful: He cannot deny Himself (2Tim. 2:13).
If we deny the faith and apostatize, He is as true to His threatenings as He is to His promises. He cannot lie and act contrary to His Word or to Himself, so He is as much under obligation to curse for sin as to bless for righteousness.
Four Commands to Timothy
1. Remind men of these facts (of 2Tim. 2:1-13).
2. Charge men not to strive about words to no profit, which only subvert the hearers (2Tim. 2:14). Mere words have often been a source of contention among Christians.
3. Study to show yourself approved unto God, a workman unashamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth (2Tim. 2:15).
4. Shun profane and vain babblings (2Tim. 2:16).
Rightly Dividing Truth means to set straight; handle right. Only here. It means not only to give the true meaning, but also the correct application to the various times and classes of people. (Mk. 4:12; Mk. 4:20; Mk. 4:22-23). Truth must be divided dispensationally, prophetically, historically, and with regard for classes and subjects. The chief fundamental principle of interpretation is to gather from the Scriptures themselves the precise meaning the writers intended to convey. We must use common sense and reason, applying the same principles and grammatical rules to the Bible as we do to other books. One should take the Bible literally wherever it is at all possible. When the language cannot be taken literally, we know it is symbolically.
Psalm 66:18 If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me: (KJV)
Seven things to purge self from:
1. Affairs of this life (2Tim. 2:4)
2. Backslidings (2Tim. 2:12)
3. Unbelief (2Tim. 2:13)
4. False doctrines that destroy faith (2Tim. 2:14,18)
5. Profane and vain babblings that lead to ungodliness (2Tim. 2:16-17)
6. False teachers that overthrow faith (2Tim. 2:17-18)
7. All iniquity and dishonor (2Tim. 2:19-20)
Four blessings of purging self:
1. A vessel of honor
2. Sanctification (note, Jn. 17:17)
3. Meet (Greek: euchrestos (GSN-<G2173>), useful or profitable) for the Master's use. Only here; 2Tim. 4:11; Phm. 1:11
4. Prepared unto every good work (Mk. 16:15-20; Jn. 14:12; Acts 1:8)
Eight commands to Timothy:
1. Flee from lusts (note, 1Tim. 6:11; Gal. 5:19-21; Col. 3:5-10).
2. Follow righteousness, faith, love, and peace (2Tim. 2:22; note, 1Tim. 6:11).
3. Avoid foolish and unlearned questions that gender strife (2Tim. 2:23).
4. Do not strive with men (2Tim. 2:24).
5. Be gentle to all men (2Tim. 2:24).
6. Be apt to teach (2Tim. 2:24).
7. Be patient (2Tim. 2:24).
8. Instruct rebels with the view of reclaiming them to the truth (2Tim. 2: 25-26).
A pure heart is the only kind of heart to have if we are to expect prayer to be answered (2Tim. 2:19-21; Ps. 66:18).
Thirty characteristics of wicked Men:
1. Lovers of themselves (2Tim. 3:2). fond of oneself; selfish. Only here
2. Covetous (2Tim. 3:2). fond of money. Only here and Lk. 16:14
3. Boasters (2Tim. 3:2). braggarts; self-exalted. Here and Rom. 1:30
4. Proud (2Tim. 3:2). self-important. Rom. 1:30
5. Blasphemers (2Tim. 3:2). Mt. 12:31
6. Disobedient to parents (2Tim. 3:2). Head-strong children (2Tim. 3:2; Rom. 1:30)
7. Unthankful (2Tim. 3:2). ungrateful. Here and in Lk.6:35
8. Unholy (2Tim. 3:2). Greek: without piety; no reverence for God.
9. Without natural affection (2Tim. 3:3). Living in unnatural affection sins; perverts; homosexuals; sodomites; performing abortion. Rom. 1:31
10. Trucebreakers (2Tim. 3:3). Rom. 1:31
11. False accusers (2Tim. 3:3). slanderer; adversary. Jn. 6:70; 8:44
12. Incontinent (2Tim. 3:3). no control of appetites and passions. Only here
13. Fierce (2Tim. 3:3). wild; savage; uncivilized. Only here
14. Despisers of good men (2Tim. 3:3). unfriendly to good men. Only here
15. Traitors (2Tim. 3:4). betrayers. Here and in Lk. 6:16; Acts 7:52
16. Heady (2Tim. 3:4). rash; hasty; reckless; headstrong. Translated "rashly" in Acts 19:36
17. Highminded (2Tim. 3:4). senseless; conceited; silly. 1Tim. 3:6
18. Lovers of pleasure (2Tim. 3:4). Sensual gratification is their god (2Tim. 3:4)
19. Having a form of godliness (2Tim. 3:5). a appearance of being righteous. Here and Rom. 2:20. Their religion is only in their creed and formal confession of faith, NOT in their hearts.
20. Denying the power of godliness (2Tim. 3:5). No godliness, no faith. From such turn away.
21. Use their deceptive display of piety to gain entrance into homes to deceive (2Tim. 3:6)
22. Capture for their own pleasure silly (foolish) women whom they deceive (2Tim. 3:6)
23. Ever learning errors but never learning the truth (2Tim. 3:7)
24. Resist truth (2Tim. 3:8)
25. Have corrupt minds (2Tim. 3:8)
26. Reprobate (wrong-doer; degenerate) concerning faith (2Tim. 3:8)
27. They are evil (2Tim. 3:13).
28. They seduce women; enticing them to surrender chastity (2Tim. 3:6,13).
29. They increase in evil (2Tim. 3:13).
30. They deceive and are themselves deceived (2Tim. 3:13).
Nine things of Paul fully known:
1. Doctrine. teaching
2. Manner of life . . . conduct in view of his teachings (2Tim. 3:10)
3. Purpose in spreading these teachings
4. Faith in God and his teachings (2Tim. 3:10)
5. Longsuffering with those who oppose his teachings (2Tim. 3:10)
6. Divine love motivating his life (2Tim. 3:10)
7. Patience in suffering for his teachings
8. Persecutions he endures for Christ (2Tim. 3:11)
9. Afflictions (Rom. 7:5) because of his teachings (2Tim. 3:11)
Seven Things the Word of God Is Able to Do
1. Make wise unto salvation (2Tim. 3:15; Rom. 1:16; Jas. 1:21).
2. Produce faith (2Tim. 3:15; Rom. 10:17).
3. Make Jesus Christ known (2Tim. 3:15; Jn. 5:39; 1Cor. 15:1-8).
4. Build up (Acts 20:32).
5. Give inheritance (Acts 20:32).
6. Produce profit in doctrine, reproof, correction, and instruction in righteousness (2Tim. 3:16).
7. Make the man of God perfect (2Tim. 3:17).
Twenty-one Names for the Bible
1. The Scripture (Mk. 15:28; Jn. 7:38)
2. The Scriptures (Lk. 24:27; Jn. 5:39)
3. The Promises (Rom. 9:4-5; 15:8)
4. The Oracles of God (Rom. 3:2; Heb. 5:12; 1Pet. 4:11)
5. The Lively Oracles (Acts 7:38)
6. The Law of Moses, the Prophets, and the Psalms (Lk. 24:25,44)
7. The Law of the Lord (Ps. 1:2)
8. The Law and the Prophets (Mt. 5:17; 11:13; Acts 13:15)
9. The Book of the Lord (Isa. 34:16)
10. The Word of God (Mk. 7:13; Rom. 10:17)
11. The Sword of the Spirit (Eph. 6:17)
12. The Old and New Testament (2Cor. 3:6-15)
13. The First and Second Covenant (Heb. 8:7)
14. The Word of Christ (Col. 3:16)
15. The Word of Life (Php. 2:16)
16. The Scripture of Truth (Dan. 10:21)
17. The Word of Truth (2Tim. 2:15)
18. The gospel of Christ (Rom. 1:16)
19. The Word of Faith (Rom. 10:8)
20. The Word of the Lord (2Th. 3:1)
21. The Word of Righteousness (Heb. 5:13)
Nine Ways the Bible Was Given
1. Audible voice of God (Ex. 19:19; Dt. 5; Mt. 3:16-17; Jn. 12:28)
2. Angels (Acts 7:38; Heb. 2:2)
3. Prophets (Acts 3:21; Heb. 1:1)
4. Jesus Christ (Heb. 1:1; Rev. 1)
5. Apostles (Acts 1:2; Eph. 4)
6. Visions (Isa. 6; Dan. 7-8; Ezek. 1)
7. Dreams (Dan. 2; Mt. 1:20; 2:12)
8. Revelation (see Revelation)
9. Inspiration (2Tim. 3:15-17)
Only the Word of God is able to make someone wise unto salvation.
What kind of salvation is Paul talking about? Timothy was already saved. My friend, salvation occurs in three tenses. The past tense: I have been saved from sin. The present tense is: I am being saved from sin. The third tense is future: I shall be saved from sin.
#1. In the past tense, we have been saved. Christ bore a judgment death for us. When we believe on Him, we pass from death to life, and we are no longer under condemnation . . . "There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus..." (Rom.8:1).
#2. We are also being saved. Jesus is working out a salvation in us, and this part will not be perfected in this life. Paul is saying that the Scriptures not only tell us we pass from death to life and have eternal life (Jn.5:24) and become a child of God (Jn.1:12-13; 3:3-8), but He saves us in this present evil world. He enables us to grow and gives us deliverance here on Earth. It is my argument that the continual study of the Word of God is the only help that any of us has. It alone is able to make us "wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus" (2 Tim.3:15). Only the Word of God can make us wise enough to live down here.
#3. I shall be saved from sin. But as we look into the future we know a day is coming when "...it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him..." (1 Jn.3:2). One day . . . NO more sin! So hard to believe, but it is true! We will be like Jesus who never sinned! Jesus, sinless: (Isa.53:9; Mat.27:4,19,23-24; Jn.8:46; Lk.23:41,47; 2 Cor.5:21;Heb.4:15; 7:26-27; 1 Pet.2;22; 1 Jn.2:1; 3:5).
Five Reasons why Rome Fell
1. The undermining of the dignity and sanctity of the home, which is the basis of human society.
2. Higher and higher taxes; the spending of public money for free bread and circuses for the populace.
3. The mad craze for pleasure; sports becoming every year more exciting, more brutal, more immoral.
4. The building of great armaments when the great enemy was within; the decay of individual responsibility.
5. The decay of religion, fading into a mere form, losing touch with life, losing power to guide the people.
ch.1 . . ch.2 . . ch.3 . . ch.4 . . Special Comments