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Book of Isaiah
Isaiah’s the Suffering Servant
Introduction: A Special Promise
There is a Special Promise that weaves its way all the way through the Old Testament. It is a Promise that there will SOMEONE in the future who will come and be our Saviour. This wonderful Promise starts way back in Genesis 3:15, when God pronounces the curse on the snake, and He states that Eve is going to have a Descendant, and that Special Descendant will bruise the serpent's head. In other words, one of Eve’s Descendants will crush Satan, will place him and all his followers in an eternal Hell one day (Rev.20:10). This thread of Special Promise runs all the way through in the Old Testament. But this marvelous Promise comes to the front position in the Book of Isaiah. In the Book of Isaiah, Chapters 52 & 53, God calls this Special Descendant my servant (Isa.52:13; 53:11) . . . but we will see that people are going to reject Him and bring Him terrible suffering . . . therefore comes the title: Suffering Servant. Starting with Isaiah Chapter 52:13, and all the way through Isaiah Chapter 53, we have the foretold story of what Christ shall suffer! It is the Gospel in the Old Testament
This is one of the most quoted Passages from the Old Testament that is found in the New Testament. It has earned the name the Gospel in the Old Testament, because of its clarity and importance. If you would go through the references of the Cross of Jesus, you will find that nearly every single verse is actually a prophecy that 700 years later was fulfilled in the Person and Work of Jesus Christ. Consider the following:
Christ in the Psalms
Psalms 2:7 The Messiah will be God's Son (Heb.1:5-6).
Psalms 16:8-10 He will rise from the dead (Luke 24:5-7).
Psalms 22:1-21 He will experience agony on the cross (Mat.ch.26-27).
Psalm 22:18 Wicked men cast lots for His clothing (Mat.27:35; John 19:23-24).
Psalms 22:15 He thirsts while on the cross (John 19:28).
Psalms 22:22 He will declare God's Name (Heb.2:12).
Psalms 34:20 None of His bones would not be broken (John 19:36-37).
Psalms 40:6-8 He came to do God's will (Heb.10:5-7).
Psalms 41:9 His close friend would betray Kim (Luke 22:48).
Psalms 45:6-7 His throne will last forever (Heb.1:8-9).
Psalms 68:18 He ascended into heaven (Eph.4:8-10).
Psalms 69:9 He is zealous for God (John 2:17).
Psalms 69:21 He was offered vinegar for His thirst on the cross (Mat.27:48).
Psalms 89:3-4, 35-36 He will be a descendant of David (Luke 1:31-33).
Psalms 96:13 He will return to judge the world (1 Thes.1:10).
Psalms 110:1 He is David's son and David's Lord (Mat.22:44).
Psalms 110:4 He is the eternal priest-king (Heb. 6:20).
Psalms 118:22 He is rejected by many but accepted by God. (1 Pet.2:7-8)
We can clearly see by going through the Psalms, and looking in the New Testament, of what happened in Christ Jesus' life. We can see that the prophesies in the Old Testament have indeed come true. Dear one, without Christ Jesus there is NO salvation. Do you know Christ Jesus as your Saviour and Lord? If not, I beg you to ask Christ into your heart today. Open the door of your heart to Him (Rev.3:20). He will NOT disappoint you! Only He can put your name in the book of life, and only He can keep you from God’s wrath and being condemned to the lake of fire (Rev. 20:15).
Exaltation of the Servant
Isa 52:13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. (KJV) . . . Isaiah introduces us to the Servant by discussing His exaltation, and Who He is.
Isaiah starts this Passage on the suffering servant by emphasizing His exaltation and does it in language that is like that of Isaiah 9:6: . . . and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
After Isaiah emphasizes the exalted, wonderful and majestic nature of the Servant, he goes on to contrast it with His humiliation and His lowliness.
Humiliation of the Servant
Isaiah 52:14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: (KJV) . . . Clearly what Jesus experienced before and during the humiliation of the cross, had an effect on His appearance. Do you really SEE what this states? He was so marred, He did not even look like a human being! Psalm 22:17 I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me. (KJV) . . . They whipped the Messiah so violently that the lashes cut clear to the bone. Do you honestly realize just WHAT our precious Saviour went through for us?
In 53:2, Isaiah says . . . . he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. . . . Isaiah is saying that people will not expect great things when they look at the servant.
Philippians 2:6-11 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: 8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. 9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: 10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;
11 And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (KJV)
Because of His humiliation, God highly exalted His Son (John 3:16), and bestowed on Him the Name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Work of the Servant
The first two stages set the stage for the third stage, which is in the middle of the prophecy. That is most often where the heart of the prophecy is placed . . . right in the middle. Isaiah 53:4-6 is the third stage. Please pay close attention to the pronouns. It is important that you notice the shifting back and forth.
Isaiah 53:4-6 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. (KJV) . . . Emphasis mine.
This is an amazing Passage in the Book of Isaiah, the Gospel of the Old Testament. There are many important things in these three verses, but I will only comment on one. What does it mean in verse 4 when it says that the servant bore our griefs and carried our sorrows? We often talk about Jesus being punished for our sins, which is certainly true. I committed a sin . . . but it was Jesus who was punished for what I did! As you go through Isaiah and the New Testament, you will find that there is much more to it than Jesus simply being punished for our sins. Possibly the most important verse on this topic in the entire Bible is the following:
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. (KJV) http://www.godcannotlie.org/2_cor_ch.5.html
If this is not highlighted in your Bible it must be; it is a crucial verse if we are going to understand what happened on the cross.
It is helpful to check the cross references and see how Jesus fulfilled EVERY verse in the Servant Passages.
Commentaries on Old Testament Books
Book of Isaiah . . Isaiah's Mini-Bible
Isaiah Ch.1 . . Isaiah Ch.2 . . Isaiah Ch.3 . . Isaiah Ch.4 . . Isaiah Ch.5 . . Isaiah Ch.6 . . Isaiah Ch.7 . . Isaiah Ch.8 . . Isaiah Ch.9 . . Isa.Ch.10 . . Isa.Ch.11 . . Isa.Ch12 . . Home Page
JUDGMENT ON THE NATIONS . . . . . Isaiah Ch.13 . . Isaiah Ch.14 . . Isaiah Ch.15 . . Isaiah Ch.16 . . Isaiah Ch.17 . . Isaiah Ch.18 . . Isaiah Ch.19 . . Isaiah Ch.20 . . Isaiah Ch.21 . . Isaiah Ch.22 . . Isaiah Ch.23 . . Home Page
ISAIAH’S APOCALYPSE . . . . . Isaiah Ch.24 . . Isaiah Ch.25 . . Isaiah Ch.26 . . Isaiah Ch.27 . . Home Page
ISAIAH'S SIX WOES . . . Isaiah Ch.28 . . Isaiah Ch.29 . . Isaiah Ch.30 . . Isaiah Ch.31 . . Isaiah Ch.32 . . Isaiah Ch.33 . . Isaiah Ch.34 . . Isaiah Ch.35 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Historic Part . . Isaiah Ch.36 . . Isaiah Ch.37 . . Isaiah Ch.38 . . Isaiah Ch.39 . . Home Page
Isaiah Speaks of Messiah's Incarnation. . Isaiah Ch.40 . . Isaiah Ch.41 . . Isaiah Ch.42 . . Isaiah Ch.43 . . Isaiah Ch.44 . . Isaiah Ch.45 . . Isaiah Ch.46 . . Isaiah Ch.47 . . Isaiah Ch.48 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Introduction to the Suffering Servant
Isaiah's Suffering Servant Prophecy. . . Isaiah 52:13-53:12
Isaiah's Redemption Through the Suffering Servant . . . Isaiah Ch.49 . . Isaiah Ch.50 . . Isaiah Ch.51 . . Isaiah Ch.52 . . Isaiah Ch.53 . . Isaiah Ch.54 . . Isaiah Ch.55 . . Isaiah Ch.56 . . Isaiah Ch.57 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Vision of the Dispersion . . . Isaiah Ch.58 . . Isaiah Ch59 . . Isaiah Ch.60 . . Isaiah Ch.61 . . Isaiah Ch.62 . . Isaiah Ch.63 . . Isaiah Ch.64 . . Isaiah Ch.65 . . Isaiah Ch.66 . . Home Page