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The Book of Hosea
BOTH spiritual and physical adultery are against God's law. When we knowingly break God's law, being fully aware of what we are doing, our hearts become hardened to the sin and our relationship with God is broken.
BOTH spiritual and physical adultery begin with diverting affection from one object of devotion to another. Diverting our affection is the first step in the slippery, down hill process that leads into sin.
BOTH spiritual and physical adultery involve a process of deterioration. It sneaks up on a person, day by day, and is not usually an impulsive decision. The process is very dangerous because most often a person does not realize it is happening until it is too late.
BOTH spiritual and physical adultery involve a fantasy about what a new love can do for you. Such demonic and ridiculous day dreams create unrealistic expectations of what a new relationship can do and only leads to disappointment in all existing and future relationships.
BOTH spiritual adultery and physical adultery are alike in many ways, and BOTH are dangerous. God was disappointed with His people because they had committed spiritual adultery against Him, as Gomer had committed physical adultery against Hosea.
This chapter gives a deeper explanation of the former chapter. The godly Israelites are here called upon to lay before the body of the people their idolatry, ingratitude, obstinacy, and ignorance of the God of their mercies; and to warn them to repent, or they would be stripped of all good things, and be brought into great distress and difficulties. All their joy and comfort would cease, and they would be exposed to shame and contempt. Every Christian, by their example and conduct, must protest against evil and abuses all around them. Compromise is not accepted by the Lord. All impenitent sinners will be stripped of the advantages they misuse, and those they consume upon their lusts.
The Book of Hosea proves to us of God’s unconditional love for His people. BUT . . . it is also a picture of how God is dishonored, disgusted and angered by the disobedient actions of His children. A TRUE child of God has an abundance of love, mercy and grace, and there is NO reason for us to treat our Heavenly Father with ANY disrespect. BUT . . . isn't that exactly what most 'professing' Christians do? As we study about how Israel turned their backs on God, please do NOT judge them. Just look in a mirror, and you will have to admit that you have NOT always been as obedient to the Lord as you should be. I think there is a bit of a 'hypocrite' hiding in all of us. Maybe we are more like the "pharisees" that we'd like to admit. (Mat.23).
We must always remember just how much God has done for each one of us. Only then will we be able to avoid rejecting the ONLY One who can give us eternal life in Glory with Him, instead of the Hell we really deserve. We MUST respect and reverence our Creator. Hosea shows us that when we do make a mistake (and we will), IF we are grieved and burdened by our sin, and go to Him with a sorrowful heart and a promise to repent, our loving Father will again show His never-ending love to us (1 Jn.1:9).
This chapter opens with the fifth very remarkable prophecy concerning the nation Israel. In the last two verses chapter one, we saw that: #1. Israel will experience a great increase in population; #2. in the nation there will be a great turning to God; #3. the northern and southern kingdoms will reunite so that the twelve tribes will again form one nation; #4. they will appoint themselves one Head, who will be the Messiah; and #5 . . .
Gomer is faithless; Israel is faithless; God is faithful
Hosea 2:1 1 Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; and to your sisters, Ruhamah. (KJV)
Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; and to your sisters, Ruhamah . . . Ammi means "my people," and Ruhamah means "pitied." God is saying to the nation of Israel that the day is coming when He is going to say, "You are My people." Many people falsely believe that God is through with Israel. They believe and teach the "damnable heresy" (2 Pet.2:1) of "Replacement Theology." BEWARE!!!
SATAN is the 'source' of ALL heresies? http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_damnable_heresies_source.htm
Those who teach that God is through with Israel discount much of the Old Testament. NO one should try to strip the Old Testament of its literal meaning, because that gives you the liberty to do the same to the New Testament, thus robbing the Epistle of Romans and even John 3:16 of their literal meaning!
Hosea 2:2 Plead with your mother, plead: for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and her adulteries from between her breasts; (KJV)
Plead with your mother, plead . . . "plead" carries the thought of a great conflict, because Israel like Gomer was unfaithful and went back to playing the harlot. God is applying Gomer's sin to the nation. Hosea married a woman who had become a harlot, and, even after they had been married for some time and had three children, she went back to prostitution again. And through it all, Hosea still loved her! WHAT is the greatest sin in all the world? First and foremost, I think it is "Unbelief." http://www.hisservants.org/worst_sin_h_s.htm
Following that, once a person has believed God and He has redeemed you, the greatest sin is unfaithfulness to God. God says, "Go to your mother (Israel) and plead with her. Tell her to come back to Me. Tell her to turn away from her idolatries. Tell her to consider her vile sins, her lewdness, her adulteries, her unthankfulness, and how notorious, how long, how multiplied and how aggravated are her whoredoms."
For she is not my wife, neither am I her husband . . . "she is not my wife" . . . for by her adulteries she has dissolved the marriage covenant, and abolished the relationship. But, she is not cast off completely for I have not sued for divorce, nor turned her out. But yet in all, she is no wife, nor does she have any right to the honor or love of a wife. "Neither am I her husband" . . . God does not account Himself bound by any covenant of marriage to love, maintain, comfort or protect her . . . nor will He do it for long, if by her continued lewdness she still violates her faith, and abuses His patience. Tell idolatrous Israel, that her God will deal with her as an abused husband will deal with an unreclaimed adulterous wife.
Let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight . . . "Out of her sight" either remove the idols, their temples, priests, and gaudy rites, for ever out of her sight, as they did (Isa.2:20), or else cease from her whorish looks, her unchaste and immodest framing her face and gestures. When you have pleaded, then make an offer to her yet once more, counsel, persuade, entreat, and encourage her to do what becomes a wife that would not be divorced; try if you can prevail with her to cast aside and to remove from her all evil practices and inclinations, to cast off spiritual whoredoms, which all her idolatrous practices are accounted to be.
And her adulteries from between her breasts . . . this alludes to the custom of harlots, who painted their faces, as to allure with their looks, words and actions, and to make bare their breasts, or adorn them, to be more enticing and alluring. These adulteries and whoredoms, which are the same thing, may signify the many idolatries of the people of Israel before their captivity, and which were the cause of it.
Hosea 2:3 Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst. (KJV)
Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born . . . lest I expose her to infamy, want and punishment. Punishment of an adulteress among the ancient Germans was severe: They shaved off her hair, stripped her naked in the presence of her relatives, and in this state drove her from the house of her husband. (Isa.3:17-24; Eze.16:39-41; 23:26-30).
General references to harlots: (Gen.34:31; 38:15,21; Lev.19:29; 21:7,14; Deut.23:18' 1 Ki.3:16; Pro.2:16; 9:13; Isaq.23:15; Eze.23:44).
Warnings against: (Deut.23:18; Pro.2:16-18; 5:3-20; 6:24-25; 7:10-27; 23:27-28; 29:3; 30:20; Ecc.7:26; Jer.5:7; Hos.2:13; 4:14; Lk.15:30; 1 Cor.6:16-18).
Lasciviousness: (Gen.19:5,32; 35:22; 39:7,12; Ex.22:16; 32:6; Lev.18:24; 20:12; Num.25:6; Deut.22:21; 23:17; Judg.16:1; 19:22; 20:6; 1 Sam.2:22; 2 Sam.13:14; Pro.2:16-18; 5:3-5, 8-13; 7:6-27; 9:13-18; 20:16; 30:18-20; Jer.5:8; Eze.22:9; Joel 3:3; Hos.4:10; 7:4; Amos 2:7; Mk.7:21-23; Rom.1:22-29; 7:8; 13:13; 1 Cor.5:1; 6:9-10,13,15-18; 9:27; 2 Cor.12:21; Gal.5:19-21; Eph.4:17-19; 5:5; Col.3:5; 1 Thes.4:5; 2 Tim.3:6;; 1 Pet.4:2-3; Jude1:4-7).
And make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land . . . this could refer to her former condition in the wilderness, where they had no food or drink except what was provided by God. Or possibly to the destruction and consumption of them in the wilderness, their carcasses falling there, who sinned against the Lord (Ex.32:35; Num.11:1-3,33-35; 14:37-45; 16:27-35,41-50; 21:6; 25:9). "And set her like a dry land" . . . the Israelites, IF obedient, were promised a land flowing with milk and honey (Ex.33:3; Jer.11:1-8; Eze.20:5-15), but should they be disobedient, the reverse. And this is what God here threatens against disobedient Israel.
And slay her with thirst . . . this speaks of spiritual "thirst" after their foolish rejection of Messiah, which has brought them to desperation, not for water, but of hearing the Word of the Lord (Amos 8:11-13). The ministers of the Word not preaching the Gospel to them; leaving them destitute of the grace of God and of spiritual life.
Hosea 2:4 And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they be the children of whoredoms. (KJV)
And I will not have mercy upon her children . . . meaning the descendants of the Jews in succeeding ages, up until the time of their conversion in the future; for they persisted in the sins of their forefathers, filling up the measure of their iniquities; remaining in their obstinate rejection of the Messiah, and in the same impenitence and unbelief, and having "His precious Blood" (1 Pet.1:18-19) called down upon them. Treasuring up wrath: (Job 21:16-20; Ps.38:4; Pro.5:22-23; Isa.65:7; Dan.9:27; Rom.2:5-6; 1 Thes.2:16; 2 Pet.3:7).
For they be the children of whoredoms . . . begotten and born in whoredom, false and illegitimate; committing whoredoms; imitating their parents, thus they are guilty of the same sins; "a generation of vipers" (Mat.3:7; 12:34; 23:33; Lk.3:7). They are children that commit idolatry, retaining the traditions of the elders; going about to establish their own righteousness, and reject the Messiah.
Hosea 2:5 For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink. (KJV)
For their mother hath played the harlot . . . their mother committed idolatry, which is why she is to be pleaded with, and why the Lord will not own her as His wife, or be a husband to her. She is warned to put away her whoredoms from her; and was in danger of all the above evils coming upon her, continuing on in the same sinful practice . . . that being why her children were "children of whoredoms."
She that conceived them hath done shamefully . . . ALL sin is shameful and scandalous, especially adultery, for it brings a blame and a blot upon a person, that will not be wiped off. Spiritual idolatry, worshipping stocks and stones instead of the living God; and especially the sin of the Jewish church, in rejecting the TRUE Messiah and His righteousness, and setting up their own, and tenaciously adhering to the traditions of the elders; and so departing from the true God, and His Word and worship, which is none other than spiritual adultery or idolatry. Because Israel has erred after the false prophets, they and their teachers are confounded (Ps.97:7).
Idolatry Forbidden: (Gen.35:2; Ex.20:4,23; 22:20; 23:13,24; 34:14,17; Lev.19:4; 26:1; Deut.4:16,23; 5:9; 6:14; 7:16; 7:25; 8:19; 11:16,28; 12:30; 16:22; 27:15; 28:14; 30:17; Josh.23:7; Judg.17:3; 2 Ki.17:35; 2 Chron.7:19; Ps.81:9; 97:7; Isa.42:8,17; Jer.7:9; 25:6; 35:15; Eze.14:6; 18:12; 20:7; 23:39; Hos.13:4; 1 Cor.5:10; 6:9; 10:7,14; 2 Cor.6:16; Gal.5:20; 1 Jn.5:21; Rev.21:8).
Licentiousness of Idolatry: (Ex.32:6,25; Num.25:1-3; 1 Ki.14:24; 15:12; 2 Ki.17:30; 23:7; Eze.16:17; 23:1-44; Hos.4:12-14; Amos 2:8; Mic.1:7; Rom.1:24,26-27; 1 Cor.10:7-8; 1 Pet.4:3-4; Rev.2:14,20-22; 9:20-21; 14:8; 17:1-6).
Human sacrifices of idolaters: (Lev.18:21; Deut.12:31; 18:10; 2 Ki.3:26-27; 16:3; 17:17; 21:6; 23:10; 2 Chron.28:3; Mic. 6:733:6; Ps.106:37-38; Isa.57:5; Jer.7:31; 19:4-7; ze.16:20-21; 20:26,31; 23:37,39; Mic.6:7).
Homosexuality is idolatry: (Gen.19:4-5; Lev.18:22-24; 20:13-16; Rom.1:24-32; 1 Cor.6:9-11; 1 Tim.1:8-11; 2 Pet.3:3; Jude 1:1-19).
For she said, I will go after my lovers . . . her idols, as the ten tribes did after the calves at Dan and Bethel. When they did not come to her, she will go to them. Ill mannered adulteress! "My lovers" . . . this spoken as if they loved her better than her Husband loved her; a high degree of impudence.
That give me my bread and any water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink . . . She is doing it for money! There is big money in prostitution. This could mean that Hosea was not wealthy and was not able to provide the luxuries that Gomer wanted; so she continued on as a prostitute.
Israel's sin was the same! She had turned to idols, which was/is spiritual adultery. The people of Israel gave the idols credit for providing for them. "I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water" . . . those are the necessities; "my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink" . . . those are the luxuries. And yet all the while it was her God Who loved her (Israel's Husband) who was providing all these things for her. Spiritual adultery: (Ex.34:15; Lev.17:7; 20:6; Num.14:33; 15:39; Deut.31:16; Judg.2:17; 8:27,33; 1 Chron.5:25; 2 Chron.21:11; Ps.73:27; 106:39; Isa.1:21; 57:8; Jer.2:20,33; 3:1,8,20; 11:15; 13:27; Eze.6:9; 16:15; 16:25; 20:30; 23:3,11,17,30,35; 43:7; Hos.1:2; 2:2;; 3:1; 4:12; 5:4; 6:10; 9:1; Mal.2:11; Mat.12:39; Jam.4:4; Rev.2:22; 14:8; 17:2; 18:3)
Israel's symbolic Husband: (Isa.54:5-6; 62:4-5; Jer.2:2; 3:14; 31:32; Hos.2:2,19-20; 2 Cor.11:2).
Hosea 2:6 Therefore, behold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths. (KJV)
Therefore . . . this word connects us with the previous verses. Because she is so impetuous and shameless in her continuous idolatry. She resolves nothing shall, hinder her, but she will follow her lovers.
Behold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns . . . she will set no bounds to her lusts, and her wanderings to satisfy them, that although she love her sinful courses, and will follow them, she will have little pleasure in them. The Lord will do as He does with unruly beasts, set a hedge of thorns about her, and encompass her with wars and other calamities, which shall wound and pierce her. The Lord will put something to block Israel’s road.
I really do believe that it was God who sent the Great Depression to this country, and then the "dust bowl." I think He was speaking to America in judgment. IF America had repented and had obeyed God at that time, she would never have had to fight World War II. Nor would we have been involved in in Korea and Vietnam. And too, I believe that God is again sending "messages" to America today. There are some well known Christian organizations that do not agree with me on this, but that is their right to disagree. God alone is in charge of the Universe! He created it! He controls it! Yes, I do agree that man is capable of controlling certain climatic conditions, BUT . . . God is in control of man! With all the uncommon weather events we have been having, I really do believe that God is speaking to us. The SIN in this country is utterly outrageous: abortion, adultery, fornication, living together without being married, homosexuality, crazy ungodly, alternative lifestyles, etc.! And SO many "professing" Christians are going along with it. That is WRONG! http://www.hisservants.org/homosexual_marriage_h_s.htm
That she shall not find her paths . . . by God's judgments, and her enemies' power and watchfulness, she shall always be watched and guarded. She shall not find how to send to them for relief. These were her paths, whereas a chaste wife would have gone to her husband for relief.
Hosea 2:7 And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and return to my first husband; for then was it better with me than now. (KJV)
And she shall follow after her lovers . . . with great eagerness, she shall pursue her lovers, idols and idolaters, her false friends and falser gods.
But she shall not overtake them . . . all those which hurry after such strange gods and helps, as this shameless harlot, shall meet with sorrow, but shall never receive the help they desire.
She shall seek them, but shall not find them . . . and shall not be able to enjoy them even if she does find them.
Then shall she say . . . after finding out that all endeavors were fruitless, and that the things sought after were never to be had; after being convinced of her sin and folly in rejecting Christ, and pursuing after other objects, she will say to herself:
I will go and return to my first husband . . . meaning the God of Israel, whom the ten tribes departed from by worshipping the calves Jeroboam set up; but also in the latter day when they will seek the Lord their God again, who was a Husband to them, and shall cleave to Him again, and all Israel shall be saved (Rom.11:26).
For then was it better with me than now . . . the tune is changed! In Hos.2:5, all her gallantry, her feasts, her rich apparel, the gifts of her lovers; but not a word of her Husband's greatest kindnesses. But NOW she sees and confesses the least of her Husband's kindnesses was better than the greatest kindness of these her lovers. There comes a day when that girl who has become a harlot is no longer beautiful and her lovers lose interest in her. This was happening to the nation Israel.
Hosea 2:8 For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, which they prepared for Baal. (KJV)
For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil . . . how often are the gifts of God's abundant bounty given over to any cause but the right one?
And multiplied her silver and gold, which they prepared for Baal . . . and how often are the gifts of God's bounty perverted into disgusting means of dishonoring Him? God gives us wisdom, strength and property. What do we do with them? We use them to sin against Him with greater skill, power and effect! The crime is deeply engrained, when God's property is made the instrument to dishonor Himself. Ignorance, inconsiderateness and unthankfulness to God is a SIN my friend. John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. (KJV)
Hosea 2:9 Therefore will I return, and take away my corn in the time thereof, and my wine in the season thereof, and will recover my wool and my flax given to cover her nakedness. (KJV)
Therefore will I return, and take away . . . or take away again. Because God was not acknowledged or served as the Giver, He will return. God had left large blessings behind Him among this people, but their stupid ingratitude provokes Him to returning and seizing all of it.
My corn in the time thereof, and my wine in the season thereof . . . it was hers while it was thankfully received and rightfully used . . . but she forfeited that right, and the propriety reverts back to God (Hos.2:8).
And will recover my wool and my flax given to cover her nakedness . . . that they might not cover her nakedness, or "shame"; but that it might be exposed. God will withhold those benefits which she has prostituted to her idolatrous services. He will neither give the land rain, nor fruitful seasons. Although these are the gifts of God to men for their use, and to dispose of for the good of others; yet He can and will call them to an account for their stewardship; and, when He so pleases, take away both their office, and the good things they were entrusted with.
Hosea 2:10 And now will I discover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand. (KJV)
And now will I discover her lewdness in the lovers . . . her lovers, which is by some understood to be the Egyptians and Assyrians; but others say it means the Romans, whom the Jews courted as their friends. The sin and folly of the Jews in rejecting Christ, and adhering to their beloved beliefs, should be discovered and made clear to all in the most public manner by their punishment . . . by being scattered among the nations, and becoming a insult, a reproach and a curse everywhere (Lk.21:24).
And none shall deliver her out of my hand . . . none of her lovers, nor any other. This means the utter, total and final destruction of the Jews, with God's wrath being come upon them to the uttermost. This would NOT be recoverable by human help, and this has continued for many hundred years, and will until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled, or "until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in" (Rom.11:25).
Hosea 2:11 I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts. (KJV)
I will also cause all her mirth to cease . . . the high spirits of Israel was certainly damped when Tiglath-pileser took Ijon, and other cities, and captivated Naphtali (2 Ki.15:29), which was just a few years after this prophecy. All their joy ceased about ten or twelve years after, when Samaria was taken, and Hoshea and all Israel made captives (2 Ki.17:6).
Her feast days . . . of Jeroboam's appointment, distinct from the Mosaic (1 Ki.12:32). However, most of the Mosaic feasts, "new-moons" and "sabbaths" to Jehovah, remained, but to degenerate Israel worship was a weariness; they cared only for the carnal indulgence on them (Amos 8:5). Although apostate Israel fell into idolatry, they still retained many of the Mosaic rites and ceremonies.
Her new moons, and her sabbaths . . . "new moons" were days of greater sacrifices (Num.28:11), and greater feasting (1 Sam.20:5). "Sabbaths" were their weekly sabbaths.
And all her solemn feasts . . . the three annual feasts of tabernacles, weeks and passover, or others with them, all which should cease when these people were carried captive, as they were by Shalmaneser (2 Ki.18:9). The prophet speaks of their sacred or religious joys, which God will abolish. He did not set them up, but He will pull them down.
Hosea 2:12 And I will destroy her vines and her fig trees, whereof she hath said, These are my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them. (KJV)
And I will destroy her vines and her fig trees . . . God will do it either by blasting, or by the Assyrians, who, as other invaders, shall spoil all. "Destroy" . . . or make very desolate, or lay waste. "Her vines and her fig trees" . . . are just the two mentioned, but all other fruit trees are meant.
Whereof she hath said, These are my rewards . . . this was in a strange manner the sin for which Israel was punished; they gave the praise of the fruitfulness of these trees, and the abundance of them, to idols . . . thus robbing God of the praise due for them. So . . . God will take them away!
That my lovers have given me . . . their false gods are here given credit of all outward blessings to Israel (Hos.2:5).
And I will make them a forest . . . their vineyards and olive yards, all the places where they planted and fenced in their fig trees, and other fruitful trees . . . would be made into a wild, uncultivated and unfruitful area. This did come to pass in the Assyrian invasion.
And the beasts of the field shall eat them . . . savage men, such as the Assyrians, or rather, literally, the beasts of the field (Isa.56:9) should break down their branches, and devour them, and pull off the fruit, as foxes pull the grapes, or wild boars of the wood root up and eat the tender and sappy branches.
Hosea 2:13 And I will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers, and forgat me, saith the LORD. (KJV)
And, I will visit upon her the days of Baalim . . . punish them for all the idolatries committed by their forefathers, in the days that the several Baals, as Baalpeor, and Baalberith, and others, were worshipped by them.
Wherein she burnt incense to them; to the Baalim . . . this one kind of idolatrous worship stands for all.
And she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels . . . with her best and richest clothing and jewels. The ornaments of the women was done to grace the idolatrous worship, and to honor the idols.
And she went after her lovers . . . the traditions of the elders; the weak and beggarly elements of the ceremonial law now abolished, and their own legal righteousness (Isa.64:6-7).
And forgot me, saith the Lord . . . forgot and rejected the TRUE Messiah, His Word and His ordinances.
Hosea 2:14 Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her. (KJV)
Therefore, behold, I will allure her . . . after inflicting many judgments upon her, God will restore her again. He will deal with her as a very loving husband would do to an unfaithful wife. Instead of making her a public example, he takes her in private, talks to and reasons with her; promises to forgive all, if she will now amend her ways. In the meantime He provides what is necessary for her wants and comfort, thus opening a door of hope for her, that she may be fully reconciled.
And bring her into the wilderness . . . in conversion, the Lord calls and separates His people from the world (2 Cor.6:17; 1 Jn.2:15-16; Rev.18:4). Just as the Israelites were separated from the Egyptians, when brought into the wilderness; being solitary and alone, as they were, they were in a fit circumstance to be spoken unto, and to hear comfortable words. The Lord fed them with the manna from Heaven, the food of the wilderness; and comforted when they came into trouble and affliction for the sake of Christ and His Gospel. After the Lord has shown men their sin and danger of it, their wilderness is a desolate state and condition, being stripped of all help elsewhere. Wilderness may be understood as a solitary place, where there shall be no diversions of the mind, and no former temptations.
And speak comfortably unto her . . . speak to her heart (Isa.40:2). He has loved them with an everlasting love. Glad tidings, gracious promises and wonderful mercy to the true Israel after afflictions have brought them to God, after they are converted from sin by these means.
Hosea 2:15 And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of Achor for a door of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt. (KJV)
And I will give her vineyards from thence . . . after God is reconciled to her, He will give her her vineyards; will settle her, and will abundantly enrich her with blessings. "From thence" . . . the Lord speaking to them in their distresses and sorrows. It is a promise to comfort them under the threat which swept away the blessings of vines and fig trees in their own land. Here it is a promise of vineyards to them from the time of their repentance, and from the place where they are captives.
And the valley of Achor for a door of hope . . . the valley of Achor literally means "the valley of trouble." It refers to Joshua 7. When the children of Israel entered the Promised Land, they faced three major enemies: #1. The first enemy was Jericho; Jericho represents the world. God got the victory for them at Jericho. #2. They made an attack upon Ai, and they thought it would be an easy victory because Ai was a small city. Ai represents the flesh. Many people think they can live the Christian life in their own strength; by means of the flesh. They are wrong! Joshua was defeated at Ai, but a great lesson was learned there. God had instructed the men NOT to take any of the unclean things at the destruction of Jericho, but ONE man disobeyed. As a result, the entire army suffered a great defeat at Ai. #3. Israel had sinned. You must deal with the sin before you can have a victory. They had to find out the one who had sinned and found him to be Achan. Achan and his property were taken to the Valley of Achor where they were destroyed and buried. From then on it was victory for Israel under Joshua.
"And the valley of Achor for a door of hope" . . . what God is saying is, "I'll judge your sin, and after I have judged your sin, there will be a glorious, wonderful hope for you in the future." Although Israel is back in her land, this particular area is up near Shechem, near the place where Joseph is buried . . . but it is an area of Arab/Israeli conflict and not by singing. The fulfillment of this promise is still future. But, the day is coming when God will bless them there.
And she shall sing there . . . she shall sing praises to God for His mercies, and sing forth their own joys too, and answer each other, sing in responses, as the word signifies. Rejoicing in the hope of the glory of God, singing the songs of redeeming, pardoning and justifying grace.
As in the days of her youth, as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt . . . when the people of Israel were in the days of their youth as a people, when they came out of Egypt, and had passed through the Red sea (Ex.15:1).
Hosea 2:16 And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, that thou shalt call me Ishi; and shalt call me no more Baali. (KJV)
And it shall be at that day, saith the Lord . . . at the time of the conversion of the Jews, and the bringing in of the fulness of the Gentiles. At the time when God will allure and persuade them to seek the Messiah, and they shall turn to Him, when He shall speak comfortably to them, and give them a door of hope, and all spiritual blessings, and cause them to sing as when they came out of Egypt. "At that day" . . . when after much distress, He will prepare her to return, and she who was an adulteress repents, and renews her covenant of love and obedience, in the day of God's abundant blessings on her.
That thou shalt call me Ishi . . . "Ishi" or "my husband." Returning to Christ their first husband, and being received by Him, shall have faith and interest in Him.
And shalt call me no more Baali . . . "Baali" is connected with Baal and means "my lord or my master." The people of Israel were placing the TRUE God on the same level as Baal and were trying to worship both. It is absolutely impossible to do that! God says that the day is coming when Israel will again call Him, "my husband."
Let's consider this: the husband relationship is one that is intimate and personal and is based on love. There is NO higher relationship in the human family. There is a lovely expression of this found in the Song of Solomon where the bride says, "I am my beloved's, and my beloved is mine..." (Song 6:3).
When you have this relationship in a marriage, you have a happy home. You do NOT have to any attend seminars that tell you on how to live as man and wife. The answer is love. IF you do NOT have love, you do NOT, CANNOT, have a good or happy marriage.
My friend, it is awesome to have that kind of relationship with God. We can go to the Lord Jesus and say, "I love You. I belong to You. I trust You completely" When you have this kind of relationship, Paul says, "...For all things are yours . . . the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are yours; And ye are Christ's; and Christ is God's" (1Cor. 3:21-23). Is Christ yours? Do you belong to Him? Does He belong to you? . . . IF He does, then you are blessed without measure! There is nothing equal to that. And one day Israel will say to God, "You are my husband."
"Baali" is connected with the hideous idol Baal, and means "my lord." Matthew 7:21-23 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. 22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity. (KJV) . . . Dear one, the most important thing in life is a personal relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ! It is NOT to voice quotes about His being your Lord and your claim to be doing great things for Him. It all boils down to what Jesus said to Simon Peter: "Lovest thou me?" Do YOU love Him?
Hosea 2:17 For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name. (KJV)
For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth . . . it is God's purpose to abolish all memory of Baalim. God will cut off all the remains of idolatry from His people. "Out of her mouth" . . . so God required! Exodus 23:13 And in all things that I have said unto you be circumspect: and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth. (KJV)
And they shall no more be remembered by their name . . . the idols, false gods, will not be mentioned again. This also refers to the idolatry of the church of Rome; their worship of images of gold and silver, wood, brass and stone in whose communion were many of the Jews at this time. But, when the time of their conversion comes, all this will be abolished among them, and among the Gentiles also.
Hosea 2:18 And in that day will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, and with the creeping things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely. (KJV)
And in that day will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field . . . to be at peace with them (Job 5:23). With all the creatures that might either serve or hurt them. This is a full and gracious promise of abundance of peace, safety and love among all, throughout Creation, for the comfort of God's people. In that day: (Isa.2:11,17; 26:1; Zec.2:11; 14:4,9).
And I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth . . . all the instruments of war shall be NO more! There shall be NO more battles fought after Armageddon. Swords shall be beaten into plowshares, and spears into pruning hooks (Isa.2:4; Mic.4:3). There shall be NO more wars, NO more rumors of wars, but perfect external peace from all enemies on all sides, as well as spiritual and internal peace in the hearts of the saints; and of both there shall be abundance, and without end (Ps.72:7). God will bring peace: (Job 5:23; Ps.91:1-13; Isa.11:6-9; 65:25; Eze.34:25). War shall cease: (Ps.46:9; Isa.2:4; Eze.39:9-10; Mic.4:3; Zec.9:10).
And will make them to lie down safely . . . under the protection of the King . . . Messiah, David their Prince, who shall be over them, and Whom they shall own and obey, acknowledge and serve, thus dwelling in utmost safety and security, not fearing ANY enemy whatsoever! Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. (KJV) . . . Peace and security: (Lev.26:5-6; Ps.23:2; Jer.23:6; 30:10; 33:16; Eze.34:25; Mic.4:4; Zec.3:10).
Hosea 2:19 And I will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies. (KJV)
And I will betroth thee unto me for ever . . . this promise is repeated to confirm it. God, who was offended, is now reconciled, though He was divorcing them, will now betroth them and on new terms enter a marriage covenant with them. Israel, who are God's people, shall leave all idolatries and rebellions. "Unto me" . . . the God of mercy and truth, who has forgiven and changed them, and made them see just how wrong they have been. "For ever" . . . the former covenant was broken, and the marriage annulled, but in the "latter days" it shall be an everlasting contract and marriage between Israel and their God. Last days: (Gen.49; Deut.30:1-9; Job 19:25; Isa.2:2,12; 13:6; 34:8; Jer.30; 46:10; Lam.2:22; Eze.30:3; Dan.2:28; 10:14; 12:1,9; Hos.3:5; Amos 5:18; Joel 2:1; Ob.1:15; Mic.4:1; Zep.1:8,18; 2:2-3; Zec.14:1; Mal.4:5; Mat.24:15-31; Lk. 21; Jn.6:39-40; 11:24; 12:48; Acts 2:17; 1 Cor.5:5; 2 Cor.1:14; 1 Thes.5:2; 2 Pet.3:10; 1 Tim.4:1-5; 2 Tim.3:1-7; Jam.5:3; 1 Jn.2:18; Rev.6-18).
Yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness . . . "in righteousness" on equal terms on both sides; in truth, sincerity, heart felt, and with NO hypocrisy and NO deception. With God's love of righteousness and holiness, and hatred of ALL sin . . . with NO attempt to justify self righteousness, for their own "righteousnesses" are as filthy rags (Isa.64:6). Although God finds them in such dirty rags, He strips them of them, and puts on the wedding garment, the robe of His own righteousness, and garment of salvation; when they become as a bride, adorned with ornaments, and so made ready for the nuptials, and in this He betroths them (Isa.61:10; Mat.22:11-12).
And in judgment . . . with mercy and mature advice, in loving-kindness; not rashly but with mature deliberation. God would absolve them from the sentence of condemnation and death by HIS righteousness (1 Cor.1:30), thus protecting and defending them from their enemies, because He takes them into this relationship.
And in lovingkindness, and in mercies . . . meaning both the love, which is the fountain and and source of this relation, and NOT any merits of theirs. The kind and tender manner in which God betroths them; as well as the abundant favors He bestows upon them: pardon of sin; justification of life; spiritual peace; supplies of all grace and eternal life. All these and more are the effects of free grace, unmerited love and sovereign mercy.
Hosea 2:20 I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD. (KJV)
I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness . . . the faithfulness of Christ will never fail, nor will He ever break His covenant. As He is faithful to His Father that appointed Him, so He is and shall be to His church and His people (Jew and Gentile alike), to every believer, to whom He is espoused. It is Christ Jesus Himself that makes them faithful to Him, and gives them faith to believe in Him, receive, embrace, obey, own and acknowledge Him as their husband. Faithfulness of Christ: (Deut.7:9; Isa.11:6; Mk.16:7; 1 Cor.1:9; 10:13; 1 Thes.5:24; 2 Thes.3:3; 2 Tim.2:13; Heb.2:17; 3:2; 10:23; 1 Jn.1:9; Rev.1:5; 19:11).
And thou shall know the Lord . . . that the Messiah IS God, and that He is their husband. They shall all know Him, from the least to the greatest; they shall have a saving knowledge of Him, which will result in eternal life. They shall know to fear before the Lord. They shall own Him, and acknowledge Him, serve and obey Him, as their Lord, Head, and Husband, as well as loving Him, and believing in Him (1 Jn.5:10-12). To know the Lord: (Jer.9:24; 24:7; 31:33-34; Eze.38:23; Mat.11:27; Lk.10:22; Jn.8:55; 17:3; 2 Cor.4:6; Phil.3:8; Col.1:10; 2 Tim.1:12; Heb.8:11; 1 Jn.4:6; 5:20).
Hosea 2:21 And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the LORD, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth; (KJV)
And it shall come to pass in that day . . . when these espousals shall be made, and Israel accepts Christ as Messiah, the heavens and the earth shall rejoice. Heaven and Earth will be in tune, as they should be! "In that day" is an expression which refers to the last days as they pertain to the nation Israel, the Great Tribulation period, and the coming of Christ to set up His Kingdom on Earth. "In that day" is when God's grace shall be shown to Israel.
I will hear, saith the Lord . . . He will hear the petitions of His new married bride, which He cannot deny her. Men often hear, but never answer. But, when the Lord hears His people, He WILL answer them, and WILL grant them their requests. He is a God of hearing and answering prayer. This seems to me to express peace and prosperity.
I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth . . . God will influence the heavens, commanding their dew, and showers upon the dry earth. When the Earth cries to the heavens for refreshing showers, when the seed is sown, the vines and olives planted, the heavens shall respond. Israel's repentance shall be blest with plenty. There shall be harmony, between all causes moved by God.
Hosea 2:22 And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel. (KJV)
And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil . . . all these are dependent on each other, as are links which make up a chain. And my friend, it is GOD who has control of it all! He manages all for the benefit of mankind. How wondrous is His providence! How gracious is this awesome GOD!
Corn, wine, oil, the earth, the clouds and their contents, the heavens, sun, moon, etc., all are here represented as intelligent beings, speaking to and influencing each other. GOD is at one end of the chain, and MAN at the other. And by means of the intermediate links, man is kept in a state of continued dependence upon Almighty God for life, breath and all things.
And they shall hear Jezreel . . . these trees and fruits shall answer to the requests and desires of Jezreel, who shall be abundantly blessed with them. "Jezreel" here, is not meant the name of a place, but the people of Israel, who had before been signified by a son of the prophet of this name (Hos.1:4). This name is here continued, to show how unworthy they were of such favors in themselves, and the riches of God's grace in bestowing them on them. Whereas before, "Jezreel" signified their being scattered and dispersed . . . but, here it is their being the seed of God; and which is confirmed by the following words:
Hosea 2:23 And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God. (KJV)
And I will sow her unto me in the earth . . . the sum of this is, that at the prayers of the Lord's people abundance of spiritual blessings shall be bestowed upon them from Christ by the Spirit, under the ministration of the Word and ordinances. God will command the heavens, and they shall let down rain upon the earth; and the earth shall produce corn, and wine, and oil, and they shall be sufficient for the captivity of the people. "I will sow her" . . . He will quicken and convert them, and place and plant them in Gospel churches. Although ministers are instruments in His hands . . . all their fruitfulness and increase will be "unto him" for his service and for His honor and glory.
And I will have mercy on her that had not obtained mercy . . . upon Loruhamah, or the people of Israel, signified by Loruhamah (Hos.1:6). This also includes the Gentiles, for to both Jews and Gentiles the apostle applies the following words: Romans 9:24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? (KJV) . . . This was fulfilled in part in his time, by the conversion of SOME of the Jews, and by the calling of the Gentiles . . . but will have a larger fulfillment in the latter day, when all Israel shall obtain mercy, and be saved (Rom.11:26).
And I will say to them which were not my people, thou art my people . . . or to "Loammi", the people of Israel, signified by the prophet's child of that name (Hos.1:9), who should no more be called so, but "Ammi", my people (Hos.2:1). Again, this was fulfilled in part in the first times of the Gospel; but will be more fully accomplished at the conversion of the Jews, and the bringing in the fulness of the Gentiles (Rom.11:25).
And they shall say, thou art my God . . . in the strength of faith, under the testimony of the Spirit of God, they shall claim their interest in Messiah, their God, as their covenant God in Christ. This will be made known in the effectual calling by the work of grace in their hearts; by the blessings of grace bestowed on them; and by the Lord's dwelling among them, and His protection of them.
Jezreel was a city in the plain, or valley, or Esdraelon. It was also called the Valley of Jezreel. The word “Jezreel” comes from two Hebrew root words, meaning “to sow” and “mighty, especially Almighty.” Put together, the two root words mean “God will sow.”
The Valley of Jezreel is a beautiful and a broad valley or plain, stretching from west to east, from Mount Carmel and the sea to the Jordan, which it reaches through two arms, between the mountains of Gilboa, Little Hermon, and Tabor; and from south to north from the mountains of Ephraim to those of Galilee. Nazareth is on its northern side. It is also called the Great Plain and the Valley of Esdraelon.
The city of Jezreel has a long and varied history and figures prominently in many Bible events, most of them violent. King Jehu ordered that the heads of King Ahab’s 70 sons be placed in heaps at the gate of Jezreel (2 Ki.10:1-11). Ahab’s queen, Jezebel, met her death by being thrown from a window of the palace of Jezreel, and it was there that her body was eaten by dogs (2 Ki.9:30-35). Jezreel was the place of the false trial of Naboth, who owned a vineyard near Ahab’s palace and who was murdered by Jezebel for his refusal to give his land to Ahab (1 Ki.21:1-23). The Valley of Jezreel was also where there were some important battles (Judg.4; 6:3; 1 Sam.31; 2 Ki.20:29).
Jezreel is also the name of two people: Ahinoam of Jezreel, who became one of David’s wives (1 Sam.25:43), and a son of the prophet Hosea, so named because God had declared that he would avenge the blood of Jezreel on the house of Jehu (Hos.1:4-5).
Today, the Valley of Jezreel is a fertile plain, with fields of wheat, cotton, sunflowers and corn, as well as pastures for many sheep and cattle. Because of its location in the same valley as Megiddo, Jezreel is considered to be a likely spot for the future battle of Armageddon (Rev.16:16-21). The Valley of Megiddo is also called the Valley of Jezreel. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8677-jezreel
Foreshadowings: Hosea 2:23 is the wonderful prophetic message from God to include the Gentiles (non-Jews) as His children as recorded also in Rom.9:25 and 1 Pet.2:10. Gentiles were not originally “God’s people,” but through His mercy and grace, He has provided Jesus Christ (Jn.3:16-18; 14:6; 1 Jn.5:10-12), and by faith in Him we are grafted into the tree of His people (Rom.11:11-18). This is an utterly amazing truth about the Church, one that is called a “mystery” because before Christ, God’s people were considered to be the Jews alone. When Christ came, the Jews were temporarily blinded until the “full number of the Gentiles has come in” (Rom.11:25). Mystery: (Isa.52:15; Mk.4:11; 12:11; Rom.16:25; 1 Cor.2:7; Eph.1:9; 3:4,9; 5:32; 6:19; Col.1:26-27; 2:2; 4:3; 1 Tim.3:9,16; Heb.5:11; 1 Pet.1:10; Rev.10:7).
Let us so walk that God may not be dishonored by us. IF we walk disorderly, it is a utter dishonor to our Master. IF we say "Thou art our God," we must walk in obedience, if we expect God to call us His children. We must cast out all unbelieving, discouraging, disobedient and sinful thoughts if we expect God's grace and loving-kindness to us.
Book of Hosea
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